Saṃyutta Nikāya 54

1. Ekadhammavagga

10. Kimilasutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā kimilāyaṃ viharati veḷuvane. Tatra kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ kimilaṃ āmantesi: “kathaṃ bhāvito nu kho, kimila, ānā­pā­nassa­ti­samā­dhi kathaṃ bahulīkato mahapphalo hoti mahānisaṃso”ti?

Evaṃ vutte, āyasmā kimilo tuṇhī ahosi. Dutiyampi kho bhagavā … pe … tatiyampi kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ kimilaṃ āmantesi: “kathaṃ bhāvito nu kho, kimila, ānā­pā­nassa­ti­samā­dhi kathaṃ bahulīkato mahapphalo hoti mahānisaṃso”ti? Tatiyampi kho āyasmā kimilo tuṇhī ahosi.

Evaṃ vutte, āyasmā ānando bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “etassa, bhagavā, kālo; etassa, sugata, kālo. Yaṃ bhagavā ānā­pā­nassa­ti­samā­dhiṃ bhāseyya, bhagavato sutvā bhikkhū dhāressantī”ti.

“Tenahānanda, suṇāhi, sādhukaṃ manasi karohi; bhāsissāmī”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho āyasmā ānando bhagavato paccassosi. Bhagavā etadavoca: “kathaṃ bhāvito ca, ānanda, ānā­pā­nassa­ti­samā­dhi kathaṃ bahulīkato mahapphalo hoti mahānisaṃso? Idhānanda, bhikkhu araññagato vā rukkhamūlagato vā suññāgāragato vā nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. So satova assasati, satova passasati … pe … ‘paṭi­nissag­gā­nu­passī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘paṭi­nissag­gā­nu­passī passasissāmī’ti sikkhati. Evaṃ bhāvito kho, ānanda, ānā­pā­nassa­ti­samā­dhi evaṃ bahulīkato mahapphalo hoti mahānisaṃso.

Yasmiṃ samaye, ānanda, bhikkhu dīghaṃ vā assasanto ‘dīghaṃ assasāmī’ti pajānāti, dīghaṃ vā passasanto ‘dīghaṃ passasāmī’ti pajānāti; rassaṃ vā assasanto ‘rassaṃ assasāmī’ti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā passasanto ‘rassaṃ passasāmī’ti pajānāti; ‘sabba­kāyap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘sabba­kāyap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī passasissāmī’ti sikkhati; ‘passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ passasissāmī’ti sikkhati— kāye kāyānupassī, ānanda, bhikkhu tasmiṃ samaye viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhij­jhā­do­manas­saṃ. Taṃ kissa hetu? Kāyaññatarāhaṃ, ānanda, etaṃ vadāmi yadidaṃ—assāsapassāsaṃ. Tasmātihānanda, kāye kāyānupassī bhikkhu tasmiṃ samaye viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhij­jhā­do­manas­saṃ.

Yasmiṃ samaye, ānanda, bhikkhu ‘pītippa­ṭisaṃ­vedī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘pītippa­ṭisaṃ­vedī passasissāmī’ti sikkhati; ‘sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī passasissāmī’ti sikkhati; ‘citta­saṅ­khā­rap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘citta­saṅ­khā­rap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī passasissāmī’ti sikkhati; ‘passambhayaṃ cittasaṅkhāraṃ passasissāmī’ti sikkhati—vedanāsu vedanānupassī, ānanda, bhikkhu tasmiṃ samaye viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhij­jhā­do­manas­saṃ. Taṃ kissa hetu? Veda­nāññata­rā­haṃ, ānanda, etaṃ vadāmi, yadidaṃ—assāsa­passā­sā­naṃ sādhukaṃ manasikāraṃ. Tasmātihānanda, vedanāsu vedanānupassī bhikkhu tasmiṃ samaye viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhij­jhā­do­manas­saṃ. (2)

Yasmiṃ samaye, ānanda, bhikkhu ‘cittap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘cittap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī passasissāmī’ti sikkhati; abhippamodayaṃ cittaṃ … pe … samādahaṃ cittaṃ … ‘vimocayaṃ cittaṃ assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘vimocayaṃ cittaṃ passasissāmī’ti sikkhati—citte cittānupassī, ānanda, bhikkhu tasmiṃ samaye viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhij­jhā­do­manas­saṃ. Taṃ kissa hetu? Nāhaṃ, ānanda, muṭṭhassatissa asampajānassa ānāpā­nas­sati­samā­dhi­bhāva­naṃ vadāmi. Tasmātihānanda, citte cittānupassī bhikkhu tasmiṃ samaye viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhij­jhā­do­manas­saṃ. (3)

Yasmiṃ samaye, ānanda, bhikkhu ‘aniccānupassī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati … pe … virāgānupassī … nirodhānupassī … ‘paṭi­nissag­gā­nu­passī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘paṭi­nissag­gā­nu­passī passasissāmī’ti sikkhati—dhammesu dhammānupassī, ānanda, bhikkhu tasmiṃ samaye viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhij­jhā­do­manas­saṃ. So yaṃ taṃ hoti abhij­jhā­do­manas­sā­naṃ pahānaṃ taṃ paññāya disvā sādhukaṃ ajjhupekkhitā hoti. Tasmātihānanda, dhammesu dhammānupassī bhikkhu tasmiṃ samaye viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhij­jhā­do­manas­saṃ. (4)

Seyyathāpi, ānanda, catumahāpathe mahāpaṃsupuñjo. Puratthimāya cepi disāyaṃ āgaccheyya sakaṭaṃ vā ratho vā, upahanateva taṃ paṃsupuñjaṃ; pacchimāya cepi disāya āgaccheyya … uttarāya cepi disāya … dakkhiṇāya cepi disāya āgaccheyya sakaṭaṃ vā ratho vā, upahanateva taṃ paṃsupuñjaṃ. Evameva kho, ānanda, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharantopi upahanateva pāpake akusale dhamme; vedanāsu … pe … citte … pe … dhammesu dhammānupassī viharantopi upahanateva pāpake akusale dhamme”ti.

Dasamaṃ.

Ekadhammavaggo paṭhamo.

Ekadhammo ca bojjhaṅgo,
suddhikañca duve phalā;
Ariṭṭho kappino dīpo,
vesālī kimilena cāti.