Saṃyutta Nikāya 54

1. Ekadhammavagga

9. Vesālīsutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā vesāliyaṃ viharati mahāvane kūṭā­gāra­sālāyaṃ. Tena kho pana samayena bhagavā bhikkhūnaṃ aneka­pariyā­yena asubhakathaṃ katheti, asubhāya vaṇṇaṃ bhāsati, asubha­bhāva­nāya vaṇṇaṃ bhāsati.

Atha kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: “icchāmahaṃ, bhikkhave, aḍḍhamāsaṃ paṭisallīyituṃ. Nāmhi kenaci upasaṅka­mi­tabbo, aññatra ekena piṇḍa­pāta­nīhāra­kenā”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho te bhikkhū bhagavato paṭissutvā nāssudha koci bhagavantaṃ upasaṅkamati, aññatra ekena piṇḍa­pāta­nīhāra­kena.

Atha kho te bhikkhū: “bhagavā aneka­pariyā­yena asubhakathaṃ katheti, asubhāya vaṇṇaṃ bhāsati, asubha­bhāva­nāya vaṇṇaṃ bhāsatī”ti anekākā­ra­vokāraṃ asubha­bhāva­nā­nuyoga­manu­yuttā viharanti. Te iminā kāyena aṭṭīyamānā harāyamānā jigucchamānā satthahārakaṃ pariyesanti. Dasapi bhikkhū ekāhena satthaṃ āharanti, vīsampi … pe … tiṃsampi bhikkhū ekāhena satthaṃ āharanti.

Atha kho bhagavā tassa aḍḍhamāsassa accayena paṭisallānā vuṭṭhito āyasmantaṃ ānandaṃ āmantesi: “kiṃ nu kho, ānanda, tanubhūto viya bhikkhusaṅgho”ti? “Tathā hi pana, bhante, ‘bhagavā bhikkhūnaṃ aneka­pariyā­yena asubhakathaṃ katheti, asubhāya vaṇṇaṃ bhāsati, asubha­bhāva­nāya vaṇṇaṃ bhāsatī’ti anekākā­ra­vokāraṃ asubha­bhāva­nā­nuyoga­manu­yuttā viharanti. Te iminā kāyena aṭṭīyamānā harāyamānā jigucchamānā satthahārakaṃ pariyesanti. Dasapi bhikkhū ekāhena satthaṃ āharanti, vīsampi bhikkhū … tiṃsampi bhikkhū ekāhena satthaṃ āharanti. Sādhu, bhante, bhagavā aññaṃ pariyāyaṃ ācikkhatu yathāyaṃ bhikkhusaṅgho aññāya saṇṭhaheyyā”ti.

“Tenahānanda, yāvatikā bhikkhū vesāliṃ upanissāya viharanti te sabbe upaṭṭhā­na­sālā­yaṃ sannipātehī”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho āyasmā ānando bhagavato paṭissutvā yāvatikā bhikkhū vesāliṃ upanissāya viharanti te sabbe upaṭṭhā­na­sālā­yaṃ sannipātetvā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “sannipatito, bhante, bhikkhusaṃgho. Yassadāni, bhante, bhagavā kālaṃ maññatī”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā yena upaṭṭhānasālā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. Nisajja kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: “ayampi kho, bhikkhave, ānā­pā­nassa­ti­samā­dhi bhāvito bahulīkato santo ceva paṇīto ca asecanako ca sukho ca vihāro uppannuppanne ca pāpake akusale dhamme ṭhānaso antaradhāpeti vūpasameti.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, gimhānaṃ pacchime māse ūhataṃ rajojallaṃ, tamenaṃ mahāakālamegho ṭhānaso antaradhāpeti vūpasameti; evameva kho, bhikkhave, ānā­pā­nassa­ti­samā­dhi bhāvito bahulīkato santo ceva paṇīto ca asecanako ca sukho ca vihāro uppannuppanne ca pāpake akusale dhamme ṭhānaso antaradhāpeti vūpasameti. Kathaṃ bhāvito ca, bhikkhave, ānā­pā­nassa­ti­samā­dhi kathaṃ bahulīkato santo ceva paṇīto ca asecanako ca sukho ca vihāro uppannuppanne ca pāpake akusale dhamme ṭhānaso antaradhāpeti vūpasameti?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu araññagato vā rukkhamūlagato vā suññāgāragato vā nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. So satova assasati, satova passasati … pe … ‘paṭi­nissag­gā­nu­passī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘paṭi­nissag­gā­nu­passī passasissāmī’ti sikkhati. Evaṃ bhāvito kho, bhikkhave, ānā­pā­nassa­ti­samā­dhi evaṃ bahulīkato santo ceva paṇīto ca asecanako ca sukho ca vihāro uppannuppanne ca pāpake akusale dhamme ṭhānaso antaradhāpeti vūpasametī”ti.

Navamaṃ.