Saṃyutta Nikāya 56

5. Papātavagga

42. Papātasutta

Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati gijjhakūṭe pabbate. Atha kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: “āyāma, bhikkhave, yena paṭibhānakūṭo tenu­pasaṅka­mis­sāma divāvihārāyā”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Atha kho bhagavā sambahulehi bhikkhūhi saddhiṃ yena paṭibhānakūṭo tenupasaṅkami. Addasā kho aññataro bhikkhu paṭibhānakūṭe mahantaṃ papātaṃ. Disvāna bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “mahā vatāyaṃ, bhante, papāto subhayānako, bhante, papāto. Atthi nu kho, bhante, imamhā papātā añño papāto mahantataro ca bhayānakataro cā”ti? “Atthi kho, bhikkhu, imamhā papātā añño papāto mahantataro ca bhayānakataro cā”ti.

“Katamo pana, bhante, imamhā papātā añño papāto mahantataro ca bhayānakataro cā”ti? “Ye hi keci, bhikkhave, samaṇā vā brāhmaṇā vā ‘idaṃ dukkhan’ti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānanti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhasamudayo’ti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānanti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhanirodho’ti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānanti, ‘ayaṃ duk­kha­nirodha­gāminī paṭipadā’ti yathābhūtaṃ nappajānanti, te jāti­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu abhiramanti, jarāsaṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu abhiramanti, maraṇa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu abhiramanti, soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu abhiramanti. Te jāti­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu abhiratā jarāsaṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu abhiratā maraṇa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu abhiratā soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu abhiratā jāti­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre abhi­saṅ­kha­ronti, jarāsaṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre abhi­saṅ­kha­ronti, maraṇa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre abhi­saṅ­kha­ronti, soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre abhi­saṅ­kha­ronti. Te jāti­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre abhi­saṅ­kha­ritvā jarāsaṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre abhi­saṅ­kha­ritvā maraṇa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre abhi­saṅ­kha­ritvā soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre abhi­saṅ­kha­ritvā jātipapātampi papatanti, jarāpapātampi papatanti, maraṇa­papātampi papatanti, soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­papātampi papatanti. Te na parimuccanti jātiyā jarāya maraṇena sokehi paridevehi dukkhehi domanassehi upāyāsehi. ‘Na parimuccanti dukkhasmā’ti vadāmi.

Ye ca kho keci, bhikkhave, samaṇā vā brāhmaṇā vā ‘idaṃ dukkhan’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānanti … pe … ‘ayaṃ duk­kha­nirodha­gāminī paṭipadā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānanti, te jāti­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu nābhiramanti, jarāsaṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu nābhiramanti, maraṇa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu nābhiramanti, soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu nābhiramanti. Te jāti­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu anabhiratā, jarāsaṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu anabhiratā, maraṇa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu anabhiratā, soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kesu saṅkhāresu anabhiratā, jāti­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre nābhi­saṅ­kha­ronti, jarāsaṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre nābhi­saṅ­kha­ronti, maraṇa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre nābhi­saṅ­kha­ronti, soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre nābhi­saṅ­kha­ronti. Te jāti­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre anabhi­saṅ­kha­ritvā, jarāsaṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre anabhi­saṅ­kha­ritvā, maraṇa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre anabhi­saṅ­kha­ritvā, soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­saṃ­vatta­ni­kepi saṅkhāre anabhi­saṅ­kha­ritvā, jātipapātampi nappapatanti, jarāpapātampi nappapatanti, maraṇa­papātampi nappapatanti, soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­papātampi nappapatanti. Te parimuccanti jātiyā jarāya maraṇena sokehi paridevehi dukkhehi domanassehi upāyāsehi. ‘Parimuccanti dukkhasmā’ti vadāmi.

Tasmātiha, bhikkhave, ‘idaṃ dukkhan’ti yogo karaṇīyo … pe … ‘ayaṃ duk­kha­nirodha­gāminī paṭipadā’ti yogo karaṇīyo”ti.

Dutiyaṃ.