Sutta Nipāta 3.12

Dvaya­tānu­passa­nā­sutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati pubbārāme migāramā­tu­pāsāde. Tena kho pana samayena bhagavā tadahuposathe pannarase puṇṇāya puṇṇamāya rattiyā ­bhik­khu­saṅgha­pari­vuto abbhokāse nisinno hoti. Atha kho bhagavā tuṇhībhūtaṃ tuṇhībhūtaṃ bhikkhusaṅghaṃ anuviloketvā bhikkhū āmantesi:

“‘Ye te, bhikkhave, kusalā dhammā ariyā niyyānikā sambodhagāmino, tesaṃ vo, bhikkhave, kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ ariyānaṃ niyyānikānaṃ sam­bo­dhagāmī­naṃ kā upanisā savanāyā’ti, iti ce, bhikkhave, pucchitāro assu, te evamassu vacanīyā: ‘yāvadeva dvayatānaṃ dhammānaṃ yathābhūtaṃ ñāṇāyā’ti. Kiñca dvayataṃ vadetha?

Idaṃ dukkhaṃ, ayaṃ duk­kha­sa­muda­yoti ayame­kānupas­sanā. Ayaṃ dukkhanirodho, ayaṃduk­kha­nirodha­gāminī paṭipadāti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammādvaya­tānupas­sino kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno appamattassa ātāpino pahitattassaviharato dvinnaṃ phalānaṃ aññataraṃ phalaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ— diṭṭheva dhamme aññā,sati vā upādisese anāgāmitā”ti.

Idamavoca bhagavā. Idaṃ vatvāna sugato athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Ye dukkhaṃ nappajānanti,
atho dukkhassa sambhavaṃ;
Yattha ca sabbaso dukkhaṃ,
asesaṃ uparujjhati;
Tañca maggaṃ na jānanti,
duk­khū­pasa­ma­gā­minaṃ.

Ceto­vimutti­hīnā te,
Atho paññāvimuttiyā;
Abhabbā te antakiriyāya,
Te ve jātijarūpagā.

Ye ca dukkhaṃ pajānanti,
atho dukkhassa sambhavaṃ;
Yattha ca sabbaso dukkhaṃ,
asesaṃ uparujjhati;
Tañca maggaṃ pajānanti,
duk­khū­pasa­ma­gā­minaṃ.

Ceto­vimutti­sam­pannā,
Atho paññāvimuttiyā;
Bhabbā te antakiriyāya,
Na te jātijarūpagāti.

‘Siyā aññenapi pariyāyena sammā dvaya­tānupas­sanā’ti, iti ce, bhikkhave, pucchitāro assu; ‘siyā’tissu vacanīyā. Kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ upadhipac­ca­yāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Upadhīnaṃ tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Upadhinidānā pabhavanti dukkhā,
Ye keci lokasmi­maneka­rūpā;
Yo ve avidvā upadhiṃ karoti,
Punappunaṃ dukkhamupeti mando;
Tasmā pajānaṃ upadhiṃ na kayirā,
Dukkhassa jātippa­bha­vānupas­sīti.

‘Siyā aññenapi pariyāyena sammā dvaya­tānupas­sanā’ti, iti ce, bhikkhave, pucchitāro assu; ‘siyā’tissu vacanīyā. Kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ avijjā­pac­ca­yāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Avijjāya tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Jāti­maraṇa­saṃsā­raṃ,
ye vajanti punappunaṃ;
Ittha­bhā­vañña­thā­bhāvaṃ,
avijjāyeva sā gati.

Avijjā hāyaṃ mahāmoho,
Yenidaṃ saṃsitaṃ ciraṃ;
Vijjāgatā ca ye sattā,
Na te gacchanti punabbhavanti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ saṅ­khā­ra­pac­ca­yāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Saṅkhārānaṃ tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti,
sabbaṃ saṅ­khā­ra­pac­cayā;
Saṅkhārānaṃ nirodhena,
natthi dukkhassa sambhavo.

Etamādīnavaṃ ñatvā,
dukkhaṃ saṅ­khā­ra­pac­cayā;
Sabba­saṅ­khā­ra­sama­thā,
saññānaṃ uparodhanā;
Evaṃ dukkhakkhayo hoti,
etaṃ ñatvā yathātathaṃ.

Sammaddasā vedaguno,
Sammadaññāya paṇḍitā;
Abhibhuyya mārasaṃyogaṃ,
Na gacchanti punabbhavanti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ viñ­ñā­ṇa­pac­ca­yāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Viññāṇassa tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti,
Sabbaṃ viññāṇapaccayā;
Viññāṇassa nirodhena,
Natthi dukkhassa sambhavo.

Etamādīnavaṃ ñatvā,
Dukkhaṃ viññāṇapaccayā;
Viññāṇūpasamā bhikkhu,
Nicchāto parinibbutoti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ phassa­pac­ca­yāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Phassassa tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Tesaṃ phassa­paretā­naṃ,
Bhava­so­tā­nusā­ri­naṃ;
Kum­magga­paṭi­pannā­naṃ,
Ārā saṃ­yoja­nak­khayo.

Ye ca phassaṃ pariññāya,
Aññāyupasame ratā;
Te ve phassā­bhisa­mayā,
Nicchātā parinibbutāti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ vedanā­pac­ca­yāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Vedanānaṃ tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Sukhaṃ vā yadi vā dukkhaṃ,
Aduk­kha­ma­su­khaṃ saha;
Ajjhattañca bahiddhā ca,
Yaṃ kiñci atthi veditaṃ.

Etaṃ dukkhanti ñatvāna,
Mosadhammaṃ palokinaṃ;
Phussa phussa vayaṃ passaṃ,
Evaṃ tattha vijānati;
Vedanānaṃ khayā bhikkhu,
Nicchāto parinibbutoti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ taṇhāpaccayāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Taṇhāya tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Taṇhādutiyo puriso,
Dīghamaddhāna saṃsaraṃ;
Ittha­bhā­vañña­thā­bhāvaṃ,
Saṃsāraṃ nātivattati.

Etamādīnavaṃ ñatvā,
Taṇhaṃ dukkhassa sambhavaṃ;
Vītataṇho anādāno,
Sato bhikkhu paribbajeti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ upādā­na­pac­ca­yāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Upādānānaṃ tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Upādānapaccayā bhavo,
Bhūto dukkhaṃ nigacchati;
Jātassa maraṇaṃ hoti,
Eso dukkhassa sambhavo.

Tasmā upādānakkhayā,
Sammadaññāya paṇḍitā;
Jātikkhayaṃ abhiññāya,
Na gacchanti punabbhavanti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ āram­bha­pac­ca­yāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Ārambhānaṃ tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti,
Sabbaṃ ārambhapaccayā;
Ārambhānaṃ nirodhena,
Natthi dukkhassa sambhavo.

Etamādīnavaṃ ñatvā,
Dukkhaṃ ārambhapaccayā;
Sabbārambhaṃ paṭinissajja,
Anārambhe vimuttino.

Ucchin­na­bhava­taṇhassa,
Santacittassa bhikkhuno;
Vikkhīṇo jātisaṃsāro,
Natthi tassa punabbhavoti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ āhārapaccayāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Āhārānaṃ tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti,
Sabbaṃ āhārapaccayā;
Āhārānaṃ nirodhena,
Natthi dukkhassa sambhavo.

Etamādīnavaṃ ñatvā,
Dukkhaṃ āhārapaccayā;
Sabbāhāraṃ pariññāya,
Sabbā­hā­ramanis­sito.

Ārogyaṃ sammadaññāya,
Āsavānaṃ parikkhayā;
Saṅkhāya sevī dhammaṭṭho,
Saṅkhyaṃ nopeti vedagūti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti sabbaṃ iñjita­pac­ca­yāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Iñjitānaṃ tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā natthi dukkhassa sambhavoti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Yaṃ kiñci dukkhaṃ sambhoti,
Sabbaṃ iñjitapaccayā;
Iñjitānaṃ nirodhena,
Natthi dukkhassa sambhavo.

Etamādīnavaṃ ñatvā,
Dukkhaṃ iñjitapaccayā;
Tasmā hi ejaṃ vossajja,
Saṅkhāre uparundhiya;
Anejo anupādāno,
Sato bhikkhu paribbajeti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Nissitassa calitaṃ hotīti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Anissito na calatīti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Anissito na calati,
Nissito ca upādiyaṃ;
Ittha­bhā­vañña­thā­bhāvaṃ,
Saṃsāraṃ nātivattati.

Etamādīnavaṃ ñatvā,
Nissayesu mahabbhayaṃ;
Anissito anupādāno,
Sato bhikkhu paribbajeti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Rūpehi, bhikkhave, arūpā santatarāti, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Arūpehi nirodho santataroti, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Ye ca rūpūpagā sattā,
Ye ca arūpaṭṭhāyino;
Nirodhaṃ appajānantā,
Āgantāro punabbhavaṃ.

Ye ca rūpe pariññāya,
Arūpesu asaṇṭhitā;
Nirodhe ye vimuccanti,
Te janā maccuhāyinoti.

‘Siyā aññenapi … pe … kathañca siyā? Yaṃ, bhikkhave, sadevakassa lokassa samārakassa sabrahmakassa ­sassama­ṇab­rāhma­ṇiyā pajāya sade­va­manus­sāya idaṃ saccanti upanijjhāyitaṃ tadamariyānaṃ etaṃ musāti yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhaṃ, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Yaṃ, bhikkhave, sadevakassa … pe … sade­va­manus­sāya idaṃ musāti upanijjhāyitaṃ, tadamariyānaṃ etaṃ saccanti yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhaṃ, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃ sammā … pe … athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Anattani attamāniṃ,
Passa lokaṃ sadevakaṃ;
Niviṭṭhaṃ nāmarūpasmiṃ,
Idaṃ saccanti maññati.

Yena yena hi maññanti,
Tato taṃ hoti aññathā;
Tañhi tassa musā hoti,
Mosadhammañhi ittaraṃ.

Amosadhammaṃ nibbānaṃ,
Tadariyā saccato vidū;
Te ve saccābhisamayā,
Nicchātā parinibbutāti.

‘Siyā aññenapi pariyāyena sammā dvaya­tānupas­sanā’ti, iti ce, bhikkhave,pucchitāro assu; ‘siyā’tissu vacanīyā. Kathañca siyā? Yaṃ, bhikkhave,sadevakassa lokassa samārakassa sabrahmakassa ­sassama­ṇab­rāhma­ṇiyā pajāyasade­va­manus­sāya idaṃ sukhanti upanijjhāyitaṃ, tadamariyānaṃ etaṃ dukkhantiyathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhaṃ, ayame­kānupas­sanā. Yaṃ, bhikkhave,sadevakassa … pe … sade­va­manus­sāya idaṃ dukkhanti upanijjhāyitaṃ tadamariyānaṃetaṃ sukhanti yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhaṃ, ayaṃ dutiyā­nu­passanā. Evaṃsammā dvaya­tānupas­sino kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno appamattassa ātāpinopahitattassa viharato dvinnaṃ phalānaṃ aññataraṃ phalaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ— diṭṭhevadhamme aññā, sati vā upādisese anāgāmitāti. Idamavoca bhagavā. Idaṃ vatvānasugato athāparaṃ etadavoca satthā:

“Rūpā saddā rasā gandhā,
Phassā dhammā ca kevalā;
Iṭṭhā kantā manāpā ca,
Yāvatatthīti vuccati.

Sadevakassa lokassa,
Ete vo sukhasammatā;
Yattha cete nirujjhanti,
Taṃ nesaṃ dukkhasammataṃ.

Sukhanti diṭṭhamariyehi,
Sakkā­yas­supa­rodha­naṃ;
Paccanīkamidaṃ hoti,
Sabbalokena passataṃ.

Yaṃ pare sukhato āhu,
Tadariyā āhu dukkhato;
Yaṃ pare dukkhato āhu,
Tadariyā sukhato vidū.

Passa dhammaṃ durājānaṃ,
Sam­pamūḷ­hettha­vid­dasu;
Nivutānaṃ tamo hoti,
Andhakāro apassataṃ.

Satañca vivaṭaṃ hoti,
Āloko passatāmiva;
Santike na vijānanti,
Magā dhammassa kovidā.

Bhava­rāga­pare­tehi,
Bhava­so­tā­nusā­ri­bhi;
Māra­dheyyā­nu­pan­nehi,
Nāyaṃ dhammo susambudho.

Ko nu aññatra mariyehi,
Padaṃ sambud­dhuma­rahati;
Yaṃ padaṃ sammadaññāya,
Parinibbanti anāsavā”ti.

Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamanā te bhikkhū bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandunti. Imasmiñca pana vey­yāka­ra­ṇas­miṃ bhaññamāne saṭṭhimattānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ anupādāya āsavehi cittāni vimucciṃsūti.

Dvaya­tānu­passa­nā­suttaṃ dvādasamaṃ.

Saccaṃ upadhi avijjā ca,
saṅkhāre viñ­ñā­ṇa­pañca­maṃ;
Phassavedaniyā taṇhā,
upā­dā­nāram­bha­āhārā;
Iñjitaṃ calitaṃ rūpaṃ,
saccaṃ dukkhena soḷasāti.

Mahāvaggo tatiyo.

Pabbajjā ca padhānañca,
subhāsitañca sundari;
Māghasuttaṃ sabhiyo ca,
selo sallañca vuccati.

Vāseṭṭho cāpi kokāli,
Nālako dvaya­tānupas­sanā;
Dvādasetāni suttāni,
Mahāvaggoti vuccatīti.