Sutta Nipāta 3.6

Sabhiyasutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati veḷuvane kalanda­ka­nivāpe. Tena kho pana samayena sabhiyassa paribbājakassa purāṇa­sālo­hi­tāya devatāya pañhā uddiṭṭhā honti: “yo te, sabhiya, samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā ime pañhe puṭṭho byākaroti tassa santike brahmacariyaṃ careyyāsī”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyo paribbājako tassā devatāya santike te pañhe uggahetvā ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā saṃghino gaṇino gaṇācariyā ñātā yasassino titthakarā sādhusammatā bahujanassa, seyyathidaṃ–pūraṇo kassapo makkhaligosālo ajito kesakambalo pakudho kaccāno sañcayo belaṭṭhaputto nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto, te upasaṅkamitvā te pañhe pucchati. Te sabhiyena paribbājakena pañhe puṭṭhā na sampāyanti; asampāyantā kopañca dosañca appaccayañca pātukaronti. Api ca sabhiyaṃyeva paribbājakaṃ paṭipucchanti.

Atha kho sabhiyassa paribbājakassa etadahosi: “ye kho te bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saṅghino gaṇino gaṇācariyā ñātā yasassino titthakarā sādhusammatā bahujanassa,seyyathidaṃ— pūraṇo kassapo … pe … nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto, te mayā pañhe puṭṭhā nasampāyanti, asampāyantā kopañca dosañca appaccayañca pātukaronti; api ca maññevettha paṭipucchanti. Yannūnāhaṃ hīnāyāvattitvā kāme paribhuñjeyyan”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyassa paribbājakassa etadahosi: “ayampi kho samaṇo gotamo saṅghī ceva gaṇī ca gaṇācariyo ca ñāto yasassī titthakaro sādhusammato bahujanassa; yannūnāhaṃ samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ upasaṅkamitvā ime pañhe puccheyyan”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyassa paribbājakassa etadahosi: “yepi kho te bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā jiṇṇā vuḍḍhā mahallakā addhagatā vayo anuppattā therā rattaññū cirapabbajitā saṃghino gaṇino gaṇācariyā ñātā yasassino titthakarā sādhusammatā bahujanassa, seyyathidaṃ— pūraṇo kassapo … pe … nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto, tepi mayāpañhe puṭṭhā na sampāyanti, asampāyantā kopañca dosañca appaccayañca pātukaronti, api ca maññevettha paṭipucchanti; kiṃ pana me samaṇo gotamo ime pañhe puṭṭho byākarissati. Samaṇo hi gotamo daharo ceva jātiyā, navo ca pabbajjāyā”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyassa paribbājakassa etadahosi: “samaṇo kho daharoti na uññātabbo na paribhotabbo. Daharopi cesa samaṇo gotamo mahiddhiko hoti mahānubhāvo, yannūnāhaṃ samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ upasaṅkamitvā ime pañhe puccheyyan”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyo paribbājako yena rājagahaṃ tena cārikaṃ pakkāmi. Anupubbenacārikaṃ caramāno yena rājagahaṃ veḷuvanaṃ kalanda­ka­nivāpo, yena bhagavātenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃsāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho sabhiyoparibbājako bhagavantaṃ gāthāya ajjhabhāsi—

“Kaṅkhī vecikicchī āgamaṃ,
(iti sabhiyo):
Pañhe pucchituṃ abhikaṅkhamāno;
Tesantakaro bhavāhi pañhe me puṭṭho,
Anupubbaṃ anudhammaṃ byākarohi me”.

“Dūrato āgatosi sabhiya,
(iti bhagavā):
Pañhe pucchituṃ abhikaṅkhamāno;
Tesantakaro bhavāmi pañhe te puṭṭho,
Anupubbaṃ anudhammaṃ byākaromi te.

Puccha maṃ sabhiya pañhaṃ,
Yaṃ kiñci manasicchasi;
Tassa tasseva pañhassa,
Ahaṃ antaṃ karomi te”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyassa paribbājakassa etadahosi: “acchariyaṃ vata bho, abbhutaṃvata bho. Yaṃ vatāhaṃ aññesu samaṇab­rāhma­ṇesu okāsa­kamma­ mattampi nālatthaṃ taṃme idaṃ samaṇena gotamena okāsakammaṃ katan”ti. Attamano pamudito udaggo pīti­so­manas­sa­jāto bhagavantaṃ pañhaṃ apucchi—

“Kiṃpattinamāhu bhikkhunaṃ,
(iti sabhiyo):
Sorataṃ kena kathañca dantamāhu;
Buddhoti kathaṃ pavuccati,
Puṭṭho me bhagavā byākarohi”.

“Pajjena katena attanā,
(sabhiyāti bhagavā):
Pari­nib­bā­na­gato vitiṇṇakaṅkho;
Vibhavañca bhavañca vippahāya,
Vusitavā khīṇa­pu­nabbhavo sa bhikkhu.

Sabbattha upekkhako satimā,
Na so hiṃsati kañci sabbaloke;
Tiṇṇo samaṇo anāvilo,
Ussadā yassa na santi sorato so.

Yassindriyāni bhāvitāni,
Ajjhattaṃ bahiddhā ca sabbaloke;
Nibbijjha imaṃ parañca lokaṃ,
Kālaṃ kaṅkhati bhāvito sa danto.

Kappāni viceyya kevalāni,
Saṃsāraṃ dubhayaṃ cutūpapātaṃ;
Vigata­raja­ma­naṅga­ṇaṃ visuddhaṃ,
Pattaṃ jātikhayaṃ tamāhu buddhan”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyo paribbājako bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā attamano pamudito udaggo pīti­so­manas­sa­jāto bhagavantaṃ uttariṃ pañhaṃapucchi—

“Kiṃpattinamāhu brāhmaṇaṃ,
(iti sabhiyo):
Samaṇaṃ kena kathañca nhātakoti;
Nāgoti kathaṃ pavuccati,
Puṭṭho me bhagavā byākarohi”.

“Bāhitvā sabbapāpakāni,
(sabhiyāti bhagavā):
Vimalo sādhusamāhito ṭhitatto;
Saṃsāramaticca kevalī so,
Asito tādi pavuccate sa brahmā.

Samitāvi pahāya puññapāpaṃ,
Virajo ñatvā imaṃ parañca lokaṃ;
Jātimaraṇaṃ upātivatto,
Samaṇo tādi pavuccate tathattā.

Ninhāya sabbapāpakāni,
Ajjhattaṃ bahiddhā ca sabbaloke;
Devamanussesu kappiyesu,
Kappaṃ neti tamāhu nhātakoti.

Āguṃ na karoti kiñci loke,
Sabbasaṃyoge visajja bandhanāni;
Sabbattha na sajjatī vimutto,
Nāgo tādi pavuccate tathattā”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyo paribbājako … pe … bhagavantaṃ uttariṃ pañhaṃ apucchi—

“Kaṃ khettajinaṃ vadanti buddhā,
(iti sabhiyo):
Kusalaṃ kena kathañca paṇḍitoti;
Muni nāma kathaṃ pavuccati,
Puṭṭho me bhagavā byākarohi”.

“Khettāni viceyya kevalāni,
(sabhiyāti bhagavā):
Dibbaṃ mānusakañca brahmakhettaṃ;
Sab­ba­khetta­mūla­bandhanā pamutto,
Khettajino tādi pavuccate tathattā.

Kosāni viceyya kevalāni,
Dibbaṃ mānusakañca brahmakosaṃ;
Sabba­kosa­mūla­bandhanā pamutto,
Kusalo tādi pavuccate tathattā.

Dubhayāni viceyya paṇḍarāni,
Ajjhattaṃ bahiddhā ca suddhipañño;
Kaṇhaṃ sukkaṃ upātivatto,
Paṇḍito tādi pavuccate tathattā.

Asatañca satañca ñatvā dhammaṃ,
Ajjhattaṃ bahiddhā ca sabbaloke;
Devamanussehi pūjanīyo,
Saṅgaṃ jālamaticca so munī”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyo paribbājako … pe … bhagavantaṃ uttariṃ pañhaṃ apucchi—

“Kiṃpattinamāhu vedaguṃ,
(iti sabhiyo):
Anuviditaṃ kena kathañca viriyavāti;
Ājāniyo kinti nāma hoti,
Puṭṭho me bhagavā byākarohi”.

“Vedāni viceyya kevalāni,
(sabhiyāti bhagavā):
Samaṇānaṃ yānidhatthi brāhmaṇānaṃ;
Sabbavedanāsu vītarāgo,
Sabbaṃ vedamaticca vedagū so.

Anuvicca papañ­ca­nā­marūpaṃ,
Ajjhattaṃ bahiddhā ca rogamūlaṃ;
Sabba­roga­mūla­bandhanā pamutto,
Anuvidito tādi pavuccate tathattā.

Virato idha sabbapāpakehi,
Nirayadukkhaṃ aticca viriyavāso;
So vīriyavā padhānavā,
Dhīro tādi pavuccate tathattā.

Yassassu lunāni bandhanāni,
Ajjhattaṃ bahiddhā ca saṅgamūlaṃ;
Sab­basaṅga­mūla­bandhanā pamutto,
Ājāniyo tādi pavuccate tathattā”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyo paribbājako … pe … bhagavantaṃ uttariṃ pañhaṃ apucchi—

“Kiṃpattinamāhu sottiyaṃ,
(iti sabhiyo):
Ariyaṃ kena kathañca caraṇavāti;
Paribbājako kinti nāma hoti,
Puṭṭho me bhagavā byākarohi”.

“Sutvā sabbadhammaṃ abhiññāya loke,
(sabhiyāti bhagavā):
Sāvajjā­na­vajjaṃ yadatthi kiñci;
Abhibhuṃ akathaṅkathiṃ vimuttaṃ,
Anighaṃ sabbadhimāhu sottiyoti.

Chetvā āsavāni ālayāni,
Vidvā so na upeti gabbhaseyyaṃ;
Saññaṃ tividhaṃ panujja paṅkaṃ,
Kappaṃ neti tamāhu ariyoti.

Yo idha caraṇesu pattipatto,
Kusalo sabbadā ājānāti dhammaṃ;
Sabbattha na sajjati vimuttacitto,
Paṭighā yassa na santi caraṇavā so.

Dukkhavepakkaṃ yadatthi kammaṃ,
Uddhamadho tiriyaṃ vāpi majjhe;
Paribbājayitvā pariññacārī,
Māyaṃ mānamathopi lobhakodhaṃ;
­Pariyan­ta­makāsi nāmarūpaṃ,
Taṃ parib­bāja­ka­māhu pattipattan”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyo paribbājako bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā attamano pamudito udaggo pīti­so­manas­sa­jāto uṭṭhāyāsanā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā yena bhagavā tenañjaliṃ paṇāmetvā bhagavantaṃ sammukhā sāruppāhi gāthāhi abhitthavi:

“Yāni ca tīṇi yāni ca saṭṭhi,
Samaṇap­pavā­dasitāni bhūripañña;
Sañ­ñak­kha­ra­sañña­nissitāni,
Osaraṇāni vineyya oghatamagā.

Antagūsi pāragū dukkhassa,
Arahāsi sammāsambuddho khīṇāsavaṃ taṃ maññe;
Jutimā mutimā pahūtapañño,
Duk­khas­santa­kara atāresi maṃ.

Yaṃ me kaṅ­khi­ta­maññāsi,
Vicikicchā maṃ tārayi namo te;
Muni monapathesu pattipatta,
Akhila ādiccabandhu soratosi.

Yā me kaṅkhā pure āsi,
Taṃ me byākāsi cakkhumā;
Addhā munīsi sambuddho,
Natthi nīvaraṇā tava.

Upāyāsā ca te sabbe,
Viddhastā vinaḷīkatā;
Sītibhūto damappatto,
Dhitimā saccanikkamo.

Tassa te nāganāgassa,
Mahāvīrassa bhāsato;
Sabbe devānumodanti,
Ubho nāradapabbatā.

Namo te purisājañña,
Namo te purisuttama;
Sadevakasmiṃ lokasmiṃ,
Natthi te paṭipuggalo.

Tuvaṃ buddho tuvaṃ satthā,
Tuvaṃ mārābhibhū muni;
Tuvaṃ anusaye chetvā,
Tiṇṇo tāresi maṃ pajaṃ.

Upadhī te samatikkantā,
Āsavā te padālitā;
Sīhosi anupādāno,
Pahīna­bhaya­bhe­ravo.

Puṇḍarīkaṃ yathā vaggu,
Toye na upalimpati;
Evaṃ puññe ca pāpe ca,
Ubhaye tvaṃ na limpasi;
Pāde vīra pasārehi,
Sabhiyo vandati satthuno”ti.

Atha kho sabhiyo paribbājako bhagavato pādesu sirasā nipatitvā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “abhikkantaṃ, bhante … pe … esāhaṃ bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammañca ­bhik­khu­saṅghañca; labheyyāhaṃ, bhante, bhagavato santike pabbajjaṃ, labheyyaṃ upasampadan”ti.

“Yo kho, sabhiya, añña­titthi­ya­pubbo imasmiṃ dhammavinaye ākaṅkhati pabbajjaṃ, ākaṅkhati upasampadaṃ, so cattāro māse parivasati; catunnaṃ māsānaṃ accayena āraddhacittā bhikkhū pabbājenti, upasampādenti bhikkhubhāvāya. Api ca mettha ­pugga­la­vemat­tatā viditā”ti.

“Sace, bhante, añña­titthi­ya­pubbā imasmiṃ dhammavinaye ākaṅkhantā pabbajjaṃ, ākaṅkhantā upasampadaṃ cattāro māse parivasanti, catunnaṃ māsānaṃ accayena āraddhacittā bhikkhū pabbājenti, upasampādenti bhikkhubhāvāya, ahaṃ cattāri vassāni parivasissāmi; catunnaṃ vassānaṃ accayena āraddhacittā bhikkhū pabbājentu upasampādentu bhikkhubhāvāyā”ti. Alattha kho sabhiyo paribbājako bhagavato santike pabbajjaṃ alattha upasampadaṃ … pe … aññataro kho panāyasmā sabhiyo arahataṃ ahosīti.

Sabhiyasuttaṃ chaṭṭhaṃ.