Theragāthā

Mahānipāta

Paṭhamavagga

21.1. Vaṅ­gīsat­thera­gāthā

“Nikkhantaṃ vata maṃ santaṃ,
agāras­mā­nagā­riyaṃ;
Vitakkā upadhāvanti,
pagabbhā kaṇhato ime.

Uggaputtā mahissāsā,
sikkhitā daḷhadhammino;
Samantā parikireyyuṃ,
sahassaṃ apalāyinaṃ.

Sacepi ettakā bhiyyo,
āgamissanti itthiyo;
Neva maṃ byādhayissanti,
dhamme samhi patiṭṭhito.

Sakkhī hi me sutaṃ etaṃ,
buddhas­sādicca­bandhuno;
Nibbānagamanaṃ maggaṃ,
tattha me nirato mano.

Evañce maṃ viharantaṃ,
pāpima upagacchasi;
Tathā maccu karissāmi,
na me maggampi dakkhasi.

Aratiñca ratiñca pahāya,
Sabbaso gehasitañca vitakkaṃ;
Vanathaṃ na kareyya kuhiñci,
Nibbanatho avanatho sa bhikkhu.

Yamidha pathaviñca vehāsaṃ,
Rūpagataṃ jagatogadhaṃ kiñci;
Parijīyati sabbamaniccaṃ,
Evaṃ samecca caranti mutattā.

Upadhīsu janā gadhitāse,
Diṭṭhasute paṭighe ca mute ca;
Ettha vinodaya chandamanejo,
Yo hettha na limpati muni tamāhu.

Atha saṭṭhisitā savitakkā,
Puthujjanatāya adhammā niviṭṭhā;
Na ca vaggagatassa kuhiñci,
No pana duṭṭhullagāhī sa bhikkhu.

Dabbo cira­rat­tasamā­hito,
Akuhako nipako apihālu;
Santaṃ padaṃ ajjhagamā muni,
Paṭicca parinibbuto kaṅkhati kālaṃ.

Mānaṃ pajahassu gotama,
Mānapathañca jahassu asesaṃ;
Mānapathamhi sa mucchito,
Vippa­ṭisārī­huvā cirarattaṃ.

Makkhena makkhitā pajā,
Mānahatā nirayaṃ papatanti;
Socanti janā cirarattaṃ,
Mānahatā nirayaṃ upapannā.

Na hi socati bhikkhu kadāci,
Maggajino sammā paṭipanno;
Kittiñca sukhañ­cā­nubhoti,
Dhammadasoti tamāhu tathattaṃ.

Tasmā akhilo idha padhānavā,
Nīvaraṇāni pahāya visuddho;
Mānañca pahāya asesaṃ,
Vijjāyantakaro samitāvī”.

“Kāmarāgena ḍayhāmi,
cittaṃ me pariḍayhati;
Sādhu nibbāpanaṃ brūhi,
anukampāya gotama”.

“Saññāya vipariyesā,
cittaṃ te pariḍayhati;
Nimittaṃ parivajjehi,
subhaṃ rāgūpasaṃhitaṃ. ()

Asubhāya cittaṃ bhāvehi,
ekaggaṃ susamāhitaṃ;
Sati kāyagatā tyatthu,
nibbidābahulo bhava.

Animittañca bhāvehi,
mānā­nusa­ya­muj­jaha;
Tato mānābhisamayā,
upasanto carissasi”.

“Tameva vācaṃ bhāseyya,
yāyattānaṃ na tāpaye;
Pare ca na vihiṃseyya,
sā ve vācā subhāsitā.

Piyavācameva bhāseyya,
yā vācā paṭinanditā;
Yaṃ anādāya pāpāni,
paresaṃ bhāsate piyaṃ.

Saccaṃ ve amatā vācā,
esa dhammo sanantano;
Sacce atthe ca dhamme ca,
āhu santo patiṭṭhitā.

Yaṃ buddho bhāsati vācaṃ,
khemaṃ nibbānapattiyā;
Duk­khas­san­takiri­yāya,
sā ve vācānamuttamā”.

“Gambhīrapañño medhāvī,
maggāmaggassa kovido;
Sāriputto mahāpañño,
dhammaṃ deseti bhikkhunaṃ.

Saṃkhittenapi deseti,
vitthārenapi bhāsati;
Sālikāyiva nigghoso,
paṭibhānaṃ udiyyati.

Tassa taṃ desayantassa,
suṇanti madhuraṃ giraṃ;
Sarena rajanīyena,
savanīyena vaggunā;
Udaggacittā muditā,
sotaṃ odhenti bhikkhavo”.

“Ajja pannarase visuddhiyā,
Bhikkhū pañcasatā samāgatā;
Saṃ­yoja­na­bandha­nac­chidā,
Anīghā khīṇa­pu­nabbhavā isī.

Cakkavattī yathā rājā,
amacca­pari­vārito;
Samantā anupariyeti,
sāgarantaṃ mahiṃ imaṃ.

Evaṃ vijitasaṅgāmaṃ,
satthavāhaṃ anuttaraṃ;
Sāvakā payirupāsanti,
tevijjā maccuhāyino.

Sabbe bhagavato puttā,
palāpettha na vijjati;
Taṇhāsallassa hantāraṃ,
vande ādicca­bandhu­naṃ.

Parosahassaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ,
sugataṃ payirupāsati;
Desentaṃ virajaṃ dhammaṃ,
nibbānaṃ akutobhayaṃ.

Suṇanti dhammaṃ vimalaṃ,
sammā­sambud­dha­desitaṃ;
Sobhati vata sambuddho,
­bhik­khu­saṃ­gha­pu­rak­khato.

‘Nāganāmo’si bhagavā,
isīnaṃ isisattamo;
Mahāmeghova hutvāna,
sāvake abhivassasi.

Divā vihārā nikkhamma,
satthu­dassa­na­kam­yatā;
Sāvako te mahāvīra,
pāde vandati vaṅgiso”.

“Ummaggapathaṃ mārassa,
Abhibhuyya carati pabhijja khīlāni;
Taṃ passatha bandha­pa­muñ­ca­ka­raṃ,
Asitaṃva bhāgaso pavibhajja.

Oghassa hi nitaraṇatthaṃ,
Anekavihitaṃ maggaṃ akkhāsi;
Tasmiñca amate akkhāte,
Dhammadasā ṭhitā asaṃhīrā.

Pajjotakaro ativijjha,
Sabbaṭhitīnaṃ atik­kama­maddasa;
Ñatvā ca sacchikatvā ca,
Aggaṃ so desayi dasaddhānaṃ.

Evaṃ sudesite dhamme,
Ko pamādo vijānataṃ dhammaṃ;
Tasmā hi tassa bhagavato sāsane,
Appamatto sadā namassama­nu­sikkhe”.

“Buddhānubuddho yo thero,
koṇḍañño tibbanikkamo;
Lābhī sukhavihārānaṃ,
vivekānaṃ abhiṇhaso.

Yaṃ sāvakena pattabbaṃ,
satthu sāsanakārinā;
Sabbassa taṃ anuppattaṃ,
appamattassa sikkhato.

Mahānubhāvo tevijjo,
ceto­pariya­kovido;
Koṇḍañño buddhadāyādo,
pāde vandati satthuno”.

“Nagassa passe āsīnaṃ,
muniṃ dukkhassa pāraguṃ;
Sāvakā payirupāsanti,
tevijjā maccuhāyino.

Cetasā anupariyeti,
moggallāno mahiddhiko;
Cittaṃ nesaṃ samanvesaṃ,
vippamuttaṃ nirūpadhiṃ.

Evaṃ sabbaṅ­ga­sam­pannaṃ,
muniṃ dukkhassa pāraguṃ;
Anekā­kāra­sam­pannaṃ,
payirupāsanti gotamaṃ”.

“Cando yathā vigatavalāhake nabhe,
Virocati vītamalova bhāṇumā;
Evampi aṅgīrasa tvaṃ mahāmuni,
Atirocasi yasasā sabbalokaṃ”.

“Kāveyyamattā vicarimha pubbe,
Gāmā gāmaṃ purā puraṃ;
Athaddasāma sambuddhaṃ,
Sabbadhammāna pāraguṃ.

So me dhammamadesesi,
muni dukkhassa pāragū;
Dhammaṃ sutvā pasīdimha,
saddhā no udapajjatha.

Tassāhaṃ vacanaṃ sutvā,
khandhe āyatanāni ca;
Dhātuyo ca viditvāna,
pabbajiṃ anagāriyaṃ.

Bahūnaṃ vata atthāya,
uppajjanti tathāgatā;
Itthīnaṃ purisānañca,
ye te sāsanakārakā.

Tesaṃ kho vata atthāya,
bodhi­maj­jha­gamā muni;
Bhikkhūnaṃ bhikkhunīnañca,
ye nirā­magatad­dasā.

Sudesitā cakkhumatā,
bud­dhe­nādicca­bandhunā;
Cattāri ariyasaccāni,
anukampāya pāṇinaṃ.

Dukkhaṃ duk­kha­sa­muppādaṃ,
Dukkhassa ca atikkamaṃ;
Ariyaṃ caṭṭhaṅgikaṃ maggaṃ,
Duk­khū­pasa­ma­gā­minaṃ.

Evamete tathā vuttā,
diṭṭhā me te yathā tathā;
Sadattho me anuppatto,
kataṃ buddhassa sāsanaṃ.

Svāgataṃ vata me āsi,
mama buddhassa santike;
Suvibhattesu dhammesu,
yaṃ seṭṭhaṃ tadupāgamiṃ.

Abhiñ­ñā­pāramip­patto,
sotadhātu visodhitā;
Tevijjo iddhipattomhi,
ceto­pariya­kovido”.

“Pucchāmi ­satthā­ra­mano­mapaññaṃ,
Diṭṭheva dhamme yo vicikicchānaṃ chettā;
Aggāḷave kālamakāsi bhikkhu,
Ñāto yasassī abhinibbutatto.

Nigrodhakappo iti tassa nāmaṃ,
Tayā kataṃ bhagavā brāhmaṇassa;
So taṃ namassaṃ acari mutyapekho,
Āraddhavīriyo daḷ­ha­dham­ma­dassī.

Taṃ sāvakaṃ sakka mayampi sabbe,
Aññātumicchāma samantacakkhu;
Samavaṭṭhitā no savanāya sotā,
Tuvaṃ no satthā tvamanuttarosi.

Chinda no vicikicchaṃ brūhi metaṃ,
Parinibbutaṃ vedaya bhūripañña;
Majjheva no bhāsa samantacakkhu,
Sakkova devāna sahassanetto.

Ye keci ganthā idha mohamaggā,
Aññāṇapakkhā vici­kiccha­ṭhānā;
Tathāgataṃ patvā na te bhavanti,
Cakkhuñhi etaṃ paramaṃ narānaṃ.

No ce hi jātu puriso kilese,
Vāto yathā abbhaghanaṃ vihāne;
Tamovassa nivuto sabbaloko,
Jotimantopi na pabhāseyyuṃ.

Dhīrā ca pajjotakarā bhavanti,
Taṃ taṃ ahaṃ vīra tatheva maññe;
Vipassinaṃ jāna­mupāga­mimha,
Parisāsu no āvikarohi kappaṃ.

Khippaṃ giraṃ eraya vaggu vagguṃ,
Haṃsova paggayha saṇikaṃ nikūja;
Bindussarena suvikappitena,
Sabbeva te ujjugatā suṇoma.

Pahīna­jāti­maraṇaṃ asesaṃ,
Niggayha dhonaṃ vadessāmi dhammaṃ;
Na kāmakāro hi puthujjanānaṃ,
Saṅkheyyakāro ca tathāgatānaṃ.

Sam­panna­vey­yāka­ra­ṇaṃ tavedaṃ,
­Samuj­ju­paññassa samuggahītaṃ;
Ayamañjali pacchimo suppaṇāmito,
Mā mohayī jāna­manoma­pañña.

Paroparaṃ ariyadhammaṃ viditvā,
Mā mohayī jāna­manoma­vīriya;
Vāriṃ yathā ghammani ghammatatto,
Vācā­bhi­kaṅ­khāmi sutaṃ pavassa.

Yadatthikaṃ brahmacariyaṃ acarī,
Kappāyano kaccissataṃ amoghaṃ;
Nibbāyi so ādu saupādiseso,
Yathā vimutto ahu taṃ suṇoma”.

“Acchecchi taṇhaṃ idha nāmarūpe,(iti bhagavā)
Kaṇhassa sotaṃ dīgha­rat­tā­nusa­yi­taṃ;
Atāri jātiṃ maraṇaṃ asesaṃ,
Iccabravi bhagavā pañcaseṭṭho”.

“Esa sutvā pasīdāmi,
vaco te isisattama;
Amoghaṃ kira me puṭṭhaṃ,
na maṃ vañcesi brāhmaṇo.

Yathā vādī tathā kārī,
ahu buddhassa sāvako;
Acchecchi maccuno jālaṃ,
tataṃ māyāvino daḷhaṃ.

Addasa bhagavā ādiṃ,
upādānassa kappiyo;
Accagā vata kappāno,
maccudheyyaṃ suduttaraṃ.

Taṃ devadevaṃ vandāmi,
puttaṃ te dvipaduttama;
Anujātaṃ mahāvīraṃ,
nāgaṃ nāgassa orasan”ti.

Itthaṃ sudaṃ āyasmā vaṅgīso thero gāthāyo abhāsitthāti.

Mahānipāto niṭṭhito.

Tatruddānaṃ

Sattatimhi nipātamhi,
vaṅgīso paṭibhāṇavā;
Ekova thero natthañño,
gāthāyo ekasattatīti.

Niṭṭhitā theragāthāyo.

Tatruddānaṃ

Sahassaṃ honti tā gāthā,
tīṇi saṭṭhisatāni ca;
Therā ca dve satā saṭṭhi,
cattāro ca pakāsitā.

Sīhanādaṃ naditvāna,
buddhaputtā anāsavā;
Khemantaṃ pāpuṇitvāna,
aggikhandhāva nibbutāti.

Theragāthāpāḷi niṭṭhitā.