Udāna 3.2

Nandasutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā nando bhagavato bhātā mātucchāputto sambahulānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ evamāroceti: “anabhirato ahaṃ, āvuso, brahmacariyaṃ carāmi; na sakkomi brahmacariyaṃ sandhāretuṃ, sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnā­yāvattis­sāmī”ti.

Atha kho aññataro bhikkhu yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho so bhikkhu bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “āyasmā, bhante, nando bhagavato bhātā mātucchāputto sambahulānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ evamāroceti: ‘anabhirato ahaṃ, āvuso, brahmacariyaṃ carāmi, na sakkomi brahmacariyaṃ sandhāretuṃ, sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnā­yāvattis­sāmī’”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā aññataraṃ bhikkhuṃ āmantesi: “ehi tvaṃ, bhikkhu, mama vacanena nandaṃ bhikkhuṃ āmantehi: ‘satthā taṃ, āvuso nanda, āmantetī’”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato paṭissutvā yenāyasmā nando tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ nandaṃ etadavoca: “satthā taṃ, āvuso nanda, āmantetī”ti.

“Evamāvuso”ti kho āyasmā nando tassa bhikkhuno paṭissutvā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho āyasmantaṃ nandaṃ bhagavā etadavoca: 

“Saccaṃ kira tvaṃ, nanda, sambahulānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ evamārocesi: ‘anabhirato ahaṃ, āvuso, brahmacariyaṃ carāmi, na sakkomi brahmacariyaṃ sandhāretuṃ, sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnā­yāvattis­sāmī’”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”ti.

“Kissa pana tvaṃ, nanda, anabhirato brahmacariyaṃ carasi, na sakkosi brahmacariyaṃ sandhāretuṃ, sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnā­yāvattis­sasī”ti? “Sākiyānī maṃ, bhante, jana­pada­kal­yāṇī gharā nikkhamantassa upaḍ­ḍhullikhi­tehi kesehi apaloketvā maṃ etadavoca: ‘tuvaṭaṃ kho, ayyaputta, āgaccheyyāsī’ti. So kho ahaṃ, bhante, ­ta­manus­sa­ramāno anabhirato brahmacariyaṃ carāmi, na sakkomi brahmacariyaṃ sandhāretuṃ, sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnā­yāvattis­sāmī”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ nandaṃ bāhāyaṃ gahetvā—seyyathāpi nāma balavā puriso samiñjitaṃ vā bāhaṃ pasāreyya, pasāritaṃ vā bāhaṃ samiñjeyya; evamevaṃ— jetavane antarahito devesu tāvatiṃsesu pāturahosi.

Tena kho pana samayena pañcamattāni accharāsatāni sakkassa devānamindassa upaṭṭhānaṃ āgatāni honti kakuṭapādāni. Atha kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ nandaṃ āmantesi: “passasi no tvaṃ, nanda, imāni pañca accharāsatāni kakuṭapādānī”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”ti.

“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, nanda, katamā nu kho abhirūpatarā vā dassanīyatarā vā pāsādikatarā vā, sākiyānī vā jana­pada­kal­yāṇī, imāni vā pañca accharāsatāni kakuṭapādānī”ti? “Seyyathāpi, bhante, paluṭ­ṭhamak­kaṭī ­kaṇṇanā­sacchinnā; evamevaṃ kho, bhante, sākiyānī jana­pada­kal­yāṇī imesaṃ pañcannaṃ accharāsatānaṃ upanidhāya saṅkhyampi nopeti kalabhāgampi nopeti upanidhimpi nopeti. Atha kho imāni pañca accharāsatāni abhirūpatarāni ceva ­dassa­nīya­tarāni ca pāsādikatarāni cā”ti.

“Abhirama, nanda, abhirama, nanda. Ahaṃ te pāṭibhogo pañcannaṃ accharāsatānaṃ paṭilābhāya kakuṭapādānan”ti. “Sace me, bhante, bhagavā pāṭibhogo pañcannaṃ accharāsatānaṃ paṭilābhāya kakuṭapādānaṃ, abhira­mis­sā­mahaṃ, bhante, bhagavati brahmacariye”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ nandaṃ bāhāyaṃ gahetvā—seyyathāpi nāma balavā puriso samiñjitaṃ vā bāhaṃ pasāreyya, pasāritaṃ vā bāhaṃ samiñjeyya; evamevaṃ— devesu tāvatiṃsesu antarahito jetavane pāturahosi.

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū: “āyasmā kira nando bhagavato bhātā mātucchāputto accharānaṃ hetu brahmacariyaṃ carati; bhagavā kirassa pāṭibhogo pañcannaṃ accharāsatānaṃ paṭilābhāya kakuṭapādānan”ti.

Atha kho āyasmato nandassa sahāyakā bhikkhū āyasmantaṃ nandaṃ bhatakavādena ca upak­kita­ka­vādena ca samudācaranti: “bhatako kirāyasmā nando upakkitako kirāyasmā nando accharānaṃ hetu brahmacariyaṃ carati; bhagavā kirassa pāṭibhogo pañcannaṃ accharāsatānaṃ paṭilābhāya kakuṭapādānan”ti.

Atha kho āyasmā nando sahāyakānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ bhatakavādena ca upak­kita­ka­vādena ca aṭṭīyamāno harāyamāno jigucchamāno eko vūpakaṭṭho appamatto ātāpī pahitatto viharanto nacirasseva—yassatthāya kulaputtā sammadeva agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajanti, tadanuttaraṃ—brahma­cari­ya­pari­yosānaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja vihāsi. “Khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyā”ti abbhaññāsi. Aññataro kho panāyasmā nando arahataṃ ahosi.

Atha kho aññatarā devatā abhikkantāya rattiyā abhikkan­ta­vaṇṇā kevalakappaṃ jetavanaṃ obhāsetvā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhitā kho sā devatā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “āyasmā, bhante, nando bhagavato bhātā mātucchāputto āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharatī”ti. Bhagavatopi kho ñāṇaṃ udapādi: “nando āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharatī”ti.

Atha kho āyasmā nando tassā rattiyā accayena yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā nando bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “yaṃ me, bhante, bhagavā pāṭibhogo pañcannaṃ accharāsatānaṃ paṭilābhāya kakuṭapādānaṃ, muñcāmahaṃ, bhante, bhagavantaṃ etasmā paṭissavā”ti. “Mayāpi kho tvaṃ, nanda, cetasā ceto paricca vidito: ‘nando āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharatī’ti. Devatāpi me etamatthaṃ ārocesi: ‘āyasmā, bhante, nando bhagavato bhātā mātucchāputto āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharatī’ti. Yadeva kho te, nanda, anupādāya āsavehi cittaṃ vimuttaṃ, athāhaṃ mutto etasmā paṭissavā”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā etamatthaṃ viditvā tāyaṃ velāyaṃ imaṃ udānaṃ udānesi: 

“Yassa nittiṇṇo paṅko,
Maddito kāmakaṇḍako;
Mohakkhayaṃ anuppatto,
Sukhadukkhesu na vedhatī sa bhikkhū”ti.

Dutiyaṃ.