Udāna 5.6

Soṇasutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā mahākaccāno avantīsu viharati kuraraghare pavatte pabbate. Tena kho pana samayena soṇo upāsako kuṭikaṇṇo āyasmato mahākaccānassa upaṭṭhāko hoti.

Atha kho soṇassa upāsakassa kuṭikaṇṇassa rahogatassa paṭisallīnassa evaṃ cetaso parivitakko udapādi: “yathā yathā kho ayyo mahākaccāno dhammaṃ deseti nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekanta­pari­puṇṇaṃ ekanta­pari­suddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan”ti.

Atha kho soṇo upāsako kuṭikaṇṇo yenāyasmā mahākaccāno tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho soṇo upāsako kuṭikaṇṇo āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ etadavoca: 

“Idha mayhaṃ, bhante, rahogatassa paṭisallīnassa evaṃ cetaso parivitakko udapādi: ‘yathā yathā kho ayyo mahākaccāno dhammaṃ deseti nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekanta­pari­puṇṇaṃ ekanta­pari­suddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan’ti. Pabbājetu maṃ, bhante, ayyo mahākaccāno”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, āyasmā mahākaccāno soṇaṃ upāsakaṃ kuṭikaṇṇaṃ etadavoca: “dukkaraṃ kho, soṇa, yāvajīvaṃ ekabhattaṃ ekaseyyaṃ brahmacariyaṃ. Iṅgha tvaṃ, soṇa, tattheva āgārikabhūto samāno buddhānaṃ sāsanaṃ anuyuñja kālayuttaṃ ekabhattaṃ ekaseyyaṃ brahmacariyan”ti. Atha kho soṇassa upāsakassa kuṭikaṇṇassa yo ahosi pabbaj­jā­bhi­saṅ­khāro so paṭipassambhi.

Dutiyampi kho … pe … dutiyampi kho āyasmā mahākaccāno soṇaṃ upāsakaṃ kuṭikaṇṇaṃ etadavoca: “dukkaraṃ kho, soṇa, yāvajīvaṃ ekabhattaṃ ekaseyyaṃ brahmacariyaṃ. Iṅgha tvaṃ, soṇa, tattheva āgārikabhūto samāno buddhānaṃ sāsanaṃ anuyuñja kālayuttaṃ ekabhattaṃ ekaseyyaṃ brahmacariyan”ti. Dutiyampi kho soṇassa upāsakassa kuṭikaṇṇassa yo ahosi pabbaj­jā­bhi­saṅ­khāro so paṭipassambhi.

Tatiyampi kho soṇassa upāsakassa kuṭikaṇṇassa rahogatassa paṭisallīnassa evaṃ cetaso parivitakko udapādi: “yathā yathā kho ayyo mahākaccāno dhammaṃ deseti nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekanta­pari­puṇṇaṃ ekanta­pari­suddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan”ti. Tatiyampi kho soṇo upāsako kuṭikaṇṇo yenāyasmā mahākaccāno tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho soṇo upāsako kuṭikaṇṇo āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ etadavoca: 

“Idha mayhaṃ, bhante, rahogatassa paṭisallīnassa evaṃ cetaso parivitakko udapādi: ‘yathā yathā kho ayyo mahākaccāno dhammaṃ deseti nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekanta­pari­puṇṇaṃ ekanta­pari­suddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan’ti. Pabbājetu maṃ, bhante, ayyo mahākaccāno”ti.

Atha kho āyasmā mahākaccāno soṇaṃ upāsakaṃ kuṭikaṇṇaṃ pabbājesi. Tena kho pana samayena avanti­dak­khi­ṇā­patho appabhikkhuko hoti. Atha kho āyasmā mahākaccāno tiṇṇaṃ vassānaṃ accayena kicchena kasirena tato tato dasavaggaṃ bhikkhusaṅghaṃ sannipātetvā āyasmantaṃ soṇaṃ upasampādesi.

Atha kho āyasmato soṇassa vassaṃ­vuṭṭhassa rahogatassa paṭisallīnassa evaṃ cetaso parivitakko udapādi: “na kho me so bhagavā sammukhā diṭṭho, api ca sutoyeva me: ‘so bhagavā īdiso ca īdiso cā’ti. Sace maṃ upajjhāyo anujāneyya, gaccheyyāhaṃ taṃ bhagavantaṃ dassanāya arahantaṃ sammā­sambud­dhan”ti.

Atha kho āyasmā soṇo sāyanhasamayaṃ paṭisallānā vuṭṭhito yenāyasmā mahākaccāno tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā soṇo āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ etadavoca: 

“Idha mayhaṃ, bhante, rahogatassa paṭisallīnassa evaṃ cetaso parivitakko udapādi: ‘na kho me so bhagavā sammukhā diṭṭho, api ca sutoyeva me—so bhagavā īdiso ca īdiso cā’ti. Sace maṃ upajjhāyo anujāneyya, gaccheyyāhaṃ taṃ bhagavantaṃ dassanāya arahantaṃ sammā­sambud­dhan”ti. ()

“Sādhu sādhu, soṇa; gaccha tvaṃ, soṇa, taṃ bhagavantaṃ dassanāya arahantaṃ sammā­sambud­dhaṃ. Dakkhissasi tvaṃ, soṇa, taṃ bhagavantaṃ pāsādikaṃ pasādanīyaṃ santindriyaṃ santamānasaṃ uttama­dama­tha­sama­tha­manup­pattaṃ dantaṃ guttaṃ yatindriyaṃ nāgaṃ. Disvāna mama vacanena bhagavato pāde sirasā vandāhi, appābādhaṃ appātaṅkaṃ lahuṭṭhānaṃ balaṃ phāsuvihāraṃ puccha: ‘upajjhāyo me, bhante, āyasmā mahākaccāno bhagavato pāde sirasā vandati, appābādhaṃ appātaṅkaṃ lahuṭṭhānaṃ balaṃ phāsuvihāraṃ pucchatī’”ti.

“Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho āyasmā soṇo āyasmato mahākaccānassa bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā senāsanaṃ saṃsāmetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya yena sāvatthi tena cārikaṃ pakkāmi. Anupubbena cārikaṃ caramāno yena sāvatthi jetavanaṃ anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāmo, yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā soṇo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “upajjhāyo me, bhante, āyasmā mahākaccāno bhagavato pāde sirasā vandati, appābādhaṃ appātaṅkaṃ lahuṭṭhānaṃ balaṃ phāsuvihāraṃ pucchatī”ti.

“Kacci, bhikkhu, khamanīyaṃ, kacci yāpanīyaṃ, kaccisi appa­kila­ma­thena addhānaṃ āgato, na ca piṇḍakena kilantosī”ti? “Khamanīyaṃ, bhagavā, yāpanīyaṃ, bhagavā, appa­kila­ma­thena cāhaṃ, bhante, addhānaṃ āgato, na ca piṇḍakena kilantomhī”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ ānandaṃ āmantesi: “imassānanda, āgantukassa bhikkhuno senāsanaṃ paññāpehī”ti. Atha kho āyasmato ānandassa etadahosi: “yassa kho maṃ bhagavā āṇāpeti: ‘imassānanda, āgantukassa bhikkhuno senāsanaṃ paññāpehī’ti, icchati bhagavā tena bhikkhunā saddhiṃ ekavihāre vatthuṃ, icchati bhagavā āyasmatā soṇena saddhiṃ ekavihāre vatthun”ti. Yasmiṃ vihāre bhagavā viharati, tasmiṃ vihāre āyasmato soṇassa senāsanaṃ paññāpesi.

Atha kho bhagavā bahudeva rattiṃ abbhokāse nisajjāya vītināmetvā pāde pakkhāletvā vihāraṃ pāvisi. Āyasmāpi kho soṇo bahudeva rattiṃ abbhokāse nisajjāya vītināmetvā pāde pakkhāletvā vihāraṃ pāvisi. Atha kho bhagavā rattiyā paccūsasamayaṃ paccuṭṭhāya āyasmantaṃ soṇaṃ ajjhesi: “paṭibhātu taṃ, bhikkhu, dhammo bhāsitun”ti.

“Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho āyasmā soṇo bhagavato paṭissutvā soḷasa aṭṭha­ka­vaggi­kāni sabbāneva sarena abhaṇi. Atha kho bhagavā āyasmato soṇassa sara­bhañ­ña­pari­yosāne abbhanumodi: “sādhu sādhu, bhikkhu, suggahitāni te, bhikkhu, soḷasa aṭṭha­ka­vaggi­kāni sumanasikatāni sūpadhāritāni, kalyāṇiyāsi vācāya samannāgato vissaṭṭhāya anelagaḷāya atthassa viññāpaniyā. Kati vassosi tvaṃ, bhikkhū”ti? “Ekavasso ahaṃ, bhagavā”ti. “Kissa pana tvaṃ, bhikkhu, evaṃ ciraṃ akāsī”ti? “Ciraṃ diṭṭho me, bhante, kāmesu ādīnavo; api ca sambādho gharāvāso bahukicco bahukaraṇīyo”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā etamatthaṃ viditvā tāyaṃ velāyaṃ imaṃ udānaṃ udānesi: 

“Disvā ādīnavaṃ loke,
ñatvā dhammaṃ nirūpadhiṃ;
Ariyo na ramatī pāpe,
pāpe na ramatī sucī”ti.

Chaṭṭhaṃ.