Vibhaṅga

Appa­maññā­vibhaṅga

1. Suttan­ta­bhājanīya

Catasso appamaññāyo—idha bhikkhu mettā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati, tathā dutiyaṃ, tathā tatiyaṃ, tathā catutthaṃ. Iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ mettā­saha­gatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati. Karuṇā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati, tathā dutiyaṃ, tathā tatiyaṃ, tathā catutthaṃ. Iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ karuṇā­saha­gatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati. Muditā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati, tathā dutiyaṃ, tathā tatiyaṃ, tathā catutthaṃ. Iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ muditā­saha­gatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati. Upekkhā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati, tathā dutiyaṃ, tathā tatiyaṃ, tathā catutthaṃ. Iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ upekkhā­saha­gatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati.

1.1. Mettā

Kathañca bhikkhu mettā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati? Seyyathāpi nāma ekaṃ puggalaṃ piyaṃ manāpaṃ disvā mettāyeyya; evameva sabbe satte mettāya pharati.

Tattha katamā mettā? Yā sattesu metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”.

Tattha katamaṃ cittaṃ? Yaṃ cittaṃ mano mānasaṃ hadayaṃ paṇḍaraṃ mano manāyatanaṃ manindriyaṃ viññāṇaṃ viññā­ṇak­khan­dho tajjā­mano­viñ­ñā­ṇa­dhātu—idaṃ vuccati “cittaṃ”. Idaṃ cittaṃ imāya mettāya sahagataṃ hoti sahajātaṃ saṃsaṭṭhaṃ sampayuttaṃ. Tena vuccati “mettā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti.

“Ekaṃ disan”ti puratthimaṃ vā disaṃ pacchimaṃ vā disaṃ uttaraṃ vā disaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ vā disaṃ uddhaṃ vā adho vā tiriyaṃ vā vidisaṃ vā.

“Pharitvā”ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā.

“Viharatī”ti iriyati vattati pāleti yapeti yāpeti carati viharati. Tena vuccati “viharatī”ti.

“Tathā dutiyan”ti yatheva ekaṃ disaṃ tathā dutiyaṃ disaṃ tathā tatiyaṃ disaṃ tathā catutthaṃ disaṃ tathā uddhaṃ tathā adho tathā tiriyaṃ tathā vidisaṃ.

“Sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokan”ti sabbena sabbaṃ sabbathā sabbaṃ asesaṃ nissesaṃ. ­Pariyā­dāya­vacana­metaṃ—“sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokan”ti.

“Mettā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti tattha katamā mettā? Yā sattesu metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”.

Tattha katamaṃ cittaṃ? Yaṃ cittaṃ mano mānasaṃ … pe … tajjā­mano­viñ­ñā­ṇa­dhātu— idaṃ vuccati “cittaṃ”. Idaṃ cittaṃ imāya mettāya sahagataṃ hoti sahajātaṃ saṃsaṭṭhaṃ sampayuttaṃ. Tena vuccati “mettā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti.

“Vipulenā”ti yaṃ vipulaṃ taṃ mahaggataṃ, yaṃ mahaggataṃ taṃ appamāṇaṃ, yaṃ appamāṇaṃ so avero, yo avero so abyāpajjo.

“Pharitvā”ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā.

“Viharatī”ti … pe … tena vuccati “viharatī”ti.

1.2. Karuṇā

Kathañca bhikkhu karuṇā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati? Seyyathāpi nāma ekaṃ puggalaṃ duggataṃ durūpetaṃ disvā karuṇāyeyya; evameva sabbe satte karuṇāya pharati.

Tattha katamā karuṇā? Yā sattesu karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”.

Tattha katamaṃ cittaṃ? Yaṃ cittaṃ mano mānasaṃ … pe … tajjā­mano­viñ­ñā­ṇa­dhātu— idaṃ vuccati “cittaṃ”. Idaṃ cittaṃ imāya karuṇāya sahagataṃ hoti sahajātaṃ saṃsaṭṭhaṃ sampayuttaṃ. Tena vuccati “karuṇā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti.

“Ekaṃ disan”ti puratthimaṃ vā disaṃ pacchimaṃ vā disaṃ uttaraṃ vā disaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ vā disaṃ uddhaṃ vā adho vā tiriyaṃ vā vidisaṃ vā.

“Pharitvā”ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā.

“Viharatī”ti iriyati vattati pāleti yapeti yāpeti carati viharati. Tena vuccati “viharatī”ti.

“Tathā dutiyan”ti yatheva ekaṃ disaṃ tathā dutiyaṃ disaṃ tathā tatiyaṃ disaṃ tathā catutthaṃ disaṃ tathā uddhaṃ tathā adho tathā tiriyaṃ tathā vidisaṃ.

“Sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokan”ti sabbena sabbaṃ sabbathā sabbaṃ asesaṃ nissesaṃ. ­Pariyā­dāya­vacana­metaṃ—“sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokan”ti.

“Karuṇā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti tattha katamā karuṇā? Yā sattesu karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”.

Tattha katamaṃ cittaṃ? Yaṃ cittaṃ mano mānasaṃ … pe … tajjā­mano­viñ­ñā­ṇa­dhātu— idaṃ vuccati “cittaṃ”. Idaṃ cittaṃ imāya karuṇāya sahagataṃ hoti sahajātaṃ saṃsaṭṭhaṃ sampayuttaṃ. Tena vuccati “karuṇā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti.

“Vipulenā”ti yaṃ vipulaṃ taṃ mahaggataṃ, yaṃ mahaggataṃ taṃ appamāṇaṃ, yaṃ appamāṇaṃ so avero, yo avero so abyāpajjo.

“Pharitvā”ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā.

“Viharatī”ti … pe … tena vuccati “viharatī”ti.

1.3. Muditā

Kathañca bhikkhu muditā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati? Seyyathāpi nāma ekaṃ puggalaṃ piyaṃ manāpaṃ disvā mudito assa; evameva sabbe satte muditāya pharati.

Tattha katamā muditā? Yā sattesu muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”.

Tattha katamaṃ cittaṃ? Yaṃ cittaṃ mano mānasaṃ … pe … tajjā­mano­viñ­ñā­ṇa­dhātu— idaṃ vuccati “cittaṃ”. Idaṃ cittaṃ imāya muditāya sahagataṃ hoti sahajātaṃ saṃsaṭṭhaṃ sampayuttaṃ. Tena vuccati “muditā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti.

“Ekaṃ disan”ti puratthimaṃ vā disaṃ pacchimaṃ vā disaṃ uttaraṃ vā disaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ vā disaṃ uddhaṃ vā adho vā tiriyaṃ vā vidisaṃ vā.

“Pharitvā”ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā.

“Viharatī”ti … pe … tena vuccati “viharatī”ti.

“Tathā dutiyan”ti yatheva ekaṃ disaṃ tathā dutiyaṃ disaṃ tathā tatiyaṃ disaṃ tathā catutthaṃ disaṃ tathā uddhaṃ tathā adho tathā tiriyaṃ tathā vidisaṃ.

“Sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokan”ti sabbena sabbaṃ sabbathā sabbaṃ asesaṃ nissesaṃ. ­Pariyā­dāya­vacana­metaṃ—“sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokan”ti.

“Muditā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti tattha katamā muditā? Yā sattesu muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”.

Tattha katamaṃ cittaṃ? Yaṃ cittaṃ mano mānasaṃ … pe … tajjā­mano­viñ­ñā­ṇa­dhātu— idaṃ vuccati “cittaṃ”. Idaṃ cittaṃ imāya muditāya sahagataṃ hoti sahajātaṃ saṃsaṭṭhaṃ sampayuttaṃ. Tena vuccati “muditā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti.

“Vipulenā”ti yaṃ vipulaṃ taṃ mahaggataṃ, yaṃ mahaggataṃ taṃ appamāṇaṃ, yaṃ appamāṇaṃ so avero, yo avero so abyāpajjo.

“Pharitvā”ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā.

“Viharatī”ti … pe … tena vuccati “viharatī”ti.

1.4. Upekkhā

Kathañca bhikkhu upekkhā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati? Seyyathāpi nāma ekaṃ puggalaṃ neva manāpaṃ na amanāpaṃ disvā upekkhako assa; evameva sabbe satte upekkhāya pharati.

Tattha katamā upekkhā? Yā sattesu upekkhā upekkhāyanā upek­khā­yi­tat­taṃ upekkhā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “upekkhā”.

Tattha katamaṃ cittaṃ? Yaṃ cittaṃ mano mānasaṃ … pe … tajjā­mano­viñ­ñā­ṇa­dhātu— idaṃ vuccati “cittaṃ”. Idaṃ cittaṃ imāya upekkhāya sahagataṃ hoti sahajātaṃ saṃsaṭṭhaṃ sampayuttaṃ. Tena vuccati “upekkhā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti.

“Ekaṃ disan”ti puratthimaṃ vā disaṃ pacchimaṃ vā disaṃ uttaraṃ vā disaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ vā disaṃ uddhaṃ vā adho vā tiriyaṃ vā vidisaṃ vā.

“Pharitvā”ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā.

“Viharatī”ti … pe … tena vuccati “viharatī”ti.

“Tathā dutiyan”ti yatheva ekaṃ disaṃ tathā dutiyaṃ disaṃ tathā tatiyaṃ disaṃ tathā catutthaṃ disaṃ tathā uddhaṃ tathā adho tathā tiriyaṃ tathā vidisaṃ.

“Sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokan”ti sabbena sabbaṃ sabbathā sabbaṃ asesaṃ nissesaṃ. ­Pariyā­dāya­vacana­metaṃ—“sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokan”ti.

“Upekkhā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti, tattha katamā upekkhā? Yā sattesu upekkhā upekkhāyanā upek­khā­yi­tat­taṃ upekkhā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “upekkhā”.

Tattha katamaṃ cittaṃ? Yaṃ cittaṃ mano mānasaṃ … pe … tajjā­mano­viñ­ñā­ṇa­dhātu— idaṃ vuccati “cittaṃ”. Idaṃ cittaṃ imāya upekkhāya sahagataṃ hoti sahajātaṃ saṃsaṭṭhaṃ sampayuttaṃ. Tena vuccati “upekkhā­saha­gatena cetasā”ti.

“Vipulenā”ti yaṃ vipulaṃ taṃ mahaggataṃ, yaṃ mahaggataṃ taṃ appamāṇaṃ, yaṃ appamāṇaṃ so avero, yo avero so abyāpajjo.

“Pharitvā”ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā.

“Viharatī”ti … pe … tena vuccati “viharatī”ti.

Suttan­ta­bhājanī­yaṃ.

2. 2 Abhi­dham­ma­bhājanīya

2.1. Kusala

Catasso appamaññāyo—mettā, karuṇā, muditā, upekkhā.

Tattha katamā mettā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā. (1:1)

Tattha katamā mettā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā. (2:2)

Tattha katamā mettā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā. (3:3)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā. (1:4)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi avitakkaṃ vicāramattaṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā. (2:5)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā. (3:6)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā. (4:7)

Tattha katamā karuṇā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”. Avasesā dhammā karuṇāya sampayuttā. (1:1)

Tattha katamā karuṇā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”. Avasesā dhammā karuṇāya sampayuttā. (2:2)

Tattha katamā karuṇā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”. Avasesā dhammā karuṇāya sampayuttā. (3:3)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”. Avasesā dhammā karuṇāya sampayuttā. (1:4)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi avitakkaṃ vicāramattaṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”. Avasesā dhammā karuṇāya sampayuttā. (2:5)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”. Avasesā dhammā karuṇāya sampayuttā. (3:6)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”. Avasesā dhammā karuṇāya sampayuttā. (4:7)

Tattha katamā muditā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”. Avasesā dhammā muditāya sampayuttā. (1:1)

Tattha katamā muditā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”. Avasesā dhammā muditāya sampayuttā. (2:2)

Tattha katamā muditā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”. Avasesā dhammā muditāya sampayuttā. (3:3)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”. Avasesā dhammā muditāya sampayuttā. (1:4)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi avitakkaṃ vicāramattaṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”. Avasesā dhammā muditāya sampayuttā. (2:5)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”. Avasesā dhammā muditāya sampayuttā. (3:6)

Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”. Avasesā dhammā muditāya sampayuttā. (4:7)

Tattha katamā upekkhā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti sukhassa ca pahānā … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati upekkhā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye upekkhā upekkhāyanā upek­khā­yi­tat­taṃ upekkhā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “upekkhā”. Avasesā dhammā upekkhāya sampayuttā.

2.2. Vipāka

Catasso appamaññāyo—mettā, karuṇā, muditā, upekkhā.

Tattha katamā mettā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, tasmiṃ samaye phasso hoti … pe … avikkhepo hoti. Ime dhammā kusalā. Tasseva rūpāvacarassa kusalassa kammassa katattā upacitattā vipākaṃ vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā.

Tattha katamā mettā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, tasmiṃ samaye phasso hoti … pe … avikkhepo hoti. Ime dhammā kusalā. Tasseva rūpāvacarassa kusalassa kammassa katattā upacitattā vipākaṃ vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā.

Tattha katamā karuṇā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, tasmiṃ samaye phasso hoti … pe … avikkhepo hoti. Ime dhammā kusalā. Tasseva rūpāvacarassa kusalassa kammassa katattā upacitattā vipākaṃ vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”. Avasesā dhammā karuṇāya sampayuttā.

Tattha katamā karuṇā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, tasmiṃ samaye phasso hoti … pe … avikkhepo hoti. Ime dhammā kusalā. Tasseva rūpāvacarassa kusalassa kammassa katattā upacitattā vipākaṃ vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati karuṇā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye karuṇā karuṇāyanā karuṇāyitattaṃ karuṇā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “karuṇā”. Avasesā dhammā karuṇāya sampayuttā.

Tattha katamā muditā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, tasmiṃ samaye phasso hoti … pe … avikkhepo hoti. Ime dhammā kusalā. Tasseva rūpāvacarassa kusalassa kammassa katattā upacitattā vipākaṃ vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”. Avasesā dhammā muditāya sampayuttā.

Tattha katamā muditā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, tasmiṃ samaye phasso hoti … pe … avikkhepo hoti. Ime dhammā kusalā. Tasseva rūpāvacarassa kusalassa kammassa katattā upacitattā vipākaṃ vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati muditā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye muditā muditāyanā muditāyitattaṃ muditā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “muditā”. Avasesā dhammā muditāya sampayuttā.

Tattha katamā upekkhā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpūpapattiyā maggaṃ bhāveti sukhassa ca pahānā … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati upekkhā­saha­gataṃ, tasmiṃ samaye phasso hoti … pe … avikkhepo hoti. Ime dhammā kusalā. Tasseva rūpāvacarassa kusalassa kammassa katattā upacitattā vipākaṃ sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati upekkhā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye upekkhā upekkhāyanā upek­khā­yi­tat­taṃ upekkhā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “upekkhā”. Avasesā dhammā upekkhāya sampayuttā.

2.3. Kiriyā

Catasso appamaññāyo—mettā, karuṇā, muditā, upekkhā.

Tattha katamā mettā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpāvacaraṃ jhānaṃ bhāveti kiriyaṃ neva kusalaṃ nākusalaṃ na ca kammavipākaṃ diṭṭha­dhamma­su­kha­vihāraṃ vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā.

Tattha katamā mettā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpāvacaraṃ jhānaṃ bhāveti kiriyaṃ neva kusalaṃ nākusalaṃ na ca kammavipākaṃ diṭṭha­dhamma­su­kha­vihāraṃ vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati mettāsahagataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye metti mettāyanā mettāyitattaṃ mettā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “mettā”. Avasesā dhammā mettāya sampayuttā.

Tattha katamā karuṇā … pe … tattha katamā muditā … pe … tattha katamā upekkhā? Idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye rūpāvacaraṃ jhānaṃ bhāveti kiriyaṃ neva kusalaṃ nākusalaṃ na ca kammavipākaṃ diṭṭha­dhamma­su­kha­vihāraṃ sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati upekkhā­saha­gataṃ, yā tasmiṃ samaye upekkhā upekkhāyanā upek­khā­yi­tat­taṃ upekkhā­ceto­vimutti—ayaṃ vuccati “upekkhā”. Avasesā dhammā upekkhāya sampayuttā.

Abhi­dham­ma­bhājanī­yaṃ.

3. Pañhāpucchaka

Catasso appamaññāyo—

Idha bhikkhu mettā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati tathā dutiyaṃ tathā tatiyaṃ tathā catutthaṃ, iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ mettā­saha­gatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati.

Karuṇā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati tathā dutiyaṃ tathā tatiyaṃ tathā catutthaṃ, iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ karuṇā­saha­gatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati.

Muditā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati tathā dutiyaṃ tathā tatiyaṃ tathā catutthaṃ, iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ muditā­saha­gatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati.

Upekkhā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati tathā dutiyaṃ tathā tatiyaṃ tathā catutthaṃ, iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ upekkhā­saha­gatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati.

Catunnaṃ appamaññānaṃ kati kusalā, kati akusalā, kati abyākatā … pe … kati saraṇā, kati araṇā?

3.1. Tika

Siyā kusalā, siyā abyākatā. (1)

Tisso appamaññāyo sukhāya vedanāya sampayuttā, upekkhā aduk­kha­ma­su­khāya vedanāya sampayuttā. (2)

Siyā vipākā, siyā vipā­ka­dham­ma­dhammā, siyā neva­vipāka­navi­pā­ka­dham­ma­dhammā. (3)

Siyā upādin­nu­pādā­niyā, siyā anupā­dinnu­pādā­niyā. (4)

Asaṃ­kiliṭ­ṭha­saṃki­lesikā. (5)

Tisso appamaññāyo siyā savitak­ka­savi­cārā, siyā avitak­ka­vicāra­mattā, siyā avitak­ka­avi­cārā; upekkhā avitak­ka­avi­cārā. (6)

Tisso appamaññāyo siyā pītisahagatā, siyā sukhasahagatā, na upekkhā­saha­gatā, siyā na vattabbā pītisahagatāti; upekkhā upekkhā­saha­gatā. (7)

Neva dassanena na bhāvanāya pahātabbā. (8)

Neva dassanena na bhāvanāya pahātab­ba­hetukā. (9)

Siyā ācayagāmino, siyā nevāca­yagāmi­nāpa­caya­gāmino. (10)

Neva­sekkha­nā­sekkhā. (11)

Mahaggatā. (12)

Na vattabbā “parittārammaṇā”tipi, “mahagga­tā­rammaṇā”tipi, “appa­māṇā­rammaṇā”tipi. (13)

Majjhimā. (14)

Aniyatā. (15)

Na vattabbā “maggārammaṇā”tipi, “maggahetukā”tipi, “maggādhipatino”tipi. (16)

Siyā uppannā, siyā anuppannā, siyā uppādino. (17)

Siyā atītā, siyā anāgatā, siyā paccuppannā. (18)

Na vattabbā “atītārammaṇā”tipi, “anāgatārammaṇā”tipi, “­pac­cup­pan­nā­rammaṇā”tipi. (19)

Siyā ajjhattā, siyā bahiddhā, siyā ajjhat­ta­bahid­dhā. (20)

Bahid­dhā­rammaṇā. (21)

Ani­dassa­na­ap­paṭi­ghā. (22)

3.2. 3.2 Duka

3.2.1. Hetugocchaka

Mettā hetu, tisso appamaññāyo na hetū, sahetukā, hetusampayuttā. Mettā hetu ceva sahetukā ca; tisso appamaññāyo na vattabbā “hetū ceva sahetukā cā”ti, sahetukā ceva na ca hetū. Mettā hetu ceva hetusampayuttā ca; tisso appamaññāyo na vattabbā “hetū ceva hetusampayuttā cā”ti, hetusampayuttā ceva na ca hetū. Tisso appamaññāyo na hetū sahetukā; mettā na vattabbā “na hetu sahetukā”tipi, “na hetu ahetukā”tipi.

3.2.2. Cūḷantaraduka

Sappaccayā, saṅkhatā, anidassanā, appaṭighā, arūpā, lokiyā, kenaci viññeyyā, kenaci na viññeyyā.

3.2.3. Āsavagocchaka

No āsavā, sāsavā, āsava­vippa­yuttā, na vattabbā “āsavā ceva sāsavā cā”ti, sāsavā ceva no ca āsavā, na vattabbā āsavā ceva “āsava­sam­payuttā cā”tipi, “āsava­sam­payuttā ceva no ca āsavā”tipi. Āsava­vippa­yuttā sāsavā.

13.3.2.4-- Saṃ­yoja­na­goc­cha­kādi

No saṃyojanā … pe … no ganthā … pe … no oghā … pe … no yogā … pe … no nīvaraṇā … pe … no parāmāsā … pe ….

3.2.10. Mahantaraduka

Sārammaṇā, no cittā, cetasikā, citta­sam­payuttā, cittasaṃsaṭṭhā, citta­sa­muṭṭhānā, cittasahabhuno, cit­tānupa­rivat­tino, cit­ta­saṃsaṭ­ṭha­sa­muṭṭhānā, citta­saṃsaṭ­ṭha­sa­muṭṭhā­na­saha­bhuno, cit­ta­saṃsaṭ­ṭha­sa­muṭṭhā­nānupa­rivat­tino, bāhirā, no upādā, siyā upādinnā, siyā anupādinnā.

13.3.2.11-- Upādā­na­goc­cha­kādi

No upādānā … pe … no kilesā … pe … na dassanena pahātabbā, na bhāvanāya pahātabbā, na dassanena pahātab­ba­hetukā, na bhāvanāya pahātab­ba­hetukā. Tisso appamaññāyo siyā savitakkā, siyā avitakkā; upekkhā avitakkā. Tisso appamaññāyo siyā savicārā, siyā avicārā; upekkhā avicārā. Tisso appamaññāyo siyā sappītikā, siyā appītikā; upekkhā appītikā. Tisso appamaññāyo siyā pītisahagatā, siyā na pītisahagatā; upekkhā na pītisahagatā. Tisso appamaññāyo sukhasahagatā, upekkhā na sukhasahagatā. Upekkhā upekkhā­saha­gatā, tisso appamaññāyo na upekkhā­saha­gatā, na kāmāvacarā, rūpāvacarā, na arūpāvacarā, pariyāpannā, aniyyānikā, aniyatā, sauttarā, araṇāti.

Pañhāpucchakaṃ.

Appa­maññā­vibhaṅgo niṭṭhito.