Divyāvadānam

11. aśokavarṇāvadānam

evaṃ mayā śrutam |
ekasmin samaye bhagavān satkṛto gurukṛto mānitaḥ pūjito rājabhī rājamātrairdhanibhiḥ pauraiḥ śreṣṭhibhiḥ sārthavāhairdevair nāgairasurairyakṣairgauḍaiḥ kinnarairmahoragairiti deva­nāgayakṣāsuragaruḍakinna­ramahoragābhyarcito buddho bhagavāñ jñāto mahāpuṇyo lābhī cīvarapiṇḍapātaśayanāsanaglānapratyayabhaiṣajya­pari­ṣkārāṇāṃ saśrāvakasaṃgho vaiśālyāṃ viharati sma markaṭasahasradatīre kūṭāgāraśālāyām |
tena khalu samayena vaiśālikā licchavaya idamevamrūpaṃ kriyākā­rama­kārṣuh—pañcadaśyāṃ bhavantaḥ pakṣasya aṣṭamyāaṃ caturdaśyāṃ ca prāṇino hantavyā yatkāraṇameyurmanuṣyā māṃsamanveṣanta iti |
tena khalu samayena anyatamo goghātako mahāntaṃ vṛṣabhamādāya nagarānniṣkramati praghātayitum |
tamenaṃ mahājanakāyaḥ pṛṣṭhataḥ pṛṣṭhataḥ samanubaddho māṃsārthī kathayati—śīghramenaṃ vṛṣaṃ ghātaya, vayaṃ māṃsenārthina iti |
sa kathayati—evaṃ kariṣyāmi, kiṃ tu muhūrtamudīkṣadhvamiti |
tato vṛṣa īdṛśamanāryaṃ vaco duruktaṃ śrutvā bhītastrastaḥ saṃvignah āhṛṣṭaromakūpa itaścāmutaśca saṃbhrānto nirīkṣate, cintayati ca—ko māṃ kṛcchra­saṃ­kaṭasambādhaprāptamatrāṇamaśaraṇamiṣṭena jīvitenācchādayediti |
sa caivaṃ vihvalavadanastrāṇānveṣī tiṣṭhati |
bhagavāṃśca pūrvāhṇe nivāsya pātracīvaramādāya bhikṣugaṇaparivṛto bhikṣusaṃghapuraskṛto vaiśālīṃ piṇḍāya prāviśat |
athāsau dadarśa buddhaṃ bhagavantaṃ dvātriṃśatā mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇaiḥ samalaṃ­kṛtamaśītyānuvyañjanairvirājitagātraṃ vyāmaprabhālaṃkṛtaṃ sūryasahasrātirekaprabhaṃ jaṅgamamiva ratnaparvataṃ samantato bhadrakamam |
sahadarśanaiścāsya bhagavato ’ntike cittamabhiprasannam |
prasannacittaśca saṃlakṣayati—prāsādiko ’yaṃ sattvaviśeṣaḥ |
śakṣyatyeṣo mama prāṇaparitrāṇaṃ kartum |
yannvahamenamupa­saṃk­rameyamiti |
atha sa vṛṣo bhagavatyavekṣāvān pratibaddhacittah eṣo me śaraṇamiti sahasaiva tāni dṛḍhāni varatrakāṇi bandhanāni cchittvā pradhāvan yena bhagavāṃstenopasaṃkrāntaḥ |
upasaṃkramyobhābhyāṃ jānubhyāṃ bhagavataḥ pādayor nipatya pādau jihvayā nileḍhumārabdhaḥ |
sa cāsya raudrakarmā goghātakaḥ pṛṣṭhataḥ pṛṣṭhataḥ samanubaddha eva śastravyagrahastaḥ |
tato bhagavāṃstaṃ raudrakarmāṇaṃ goghātakamidamavocat—kuruṣva tvaṃ bhoḥ puruṣa anena govṛṣabheṇa sārdhaṃ sātmyam |
jīvitenācchādayeti |
sa kathayati—nāhaṃ bhadanta prabhavābhyenaṃ jīvitenācchādayitum |
tatkasya hetoh? mayā eṣa bahunā mūlyena krītaḥ |
putradāraṃ ca me bahu poṣitavyamiti |
bhagavānāha—-yadi mūlyaṃ dīyate, pratimuñcasīti? |
sa kathayati—pratimokṣyāmi bhagavanniti |
atha bhagavāmllaukika­citta­mut­pāda­yati—aho bata śakro devendrastrīṇi kārṣāpaṇa­sahas­rāṇyādāyāgacchediti |
sahacittotpādādbhagavataḥ śakro devendraḥ kārṣāpaṇa­sahas­ratrayamādāya bhagavataḥ purastādasthāt |
atha bhagavāñ śakraṃ devendramidamavocat—anuprayaccha kauśika asya goghātakasya triguṇaṃ mūlyam |
adācchakro devendrastasya goghātakasya kārṣāpaṇatrayasahasraṃ vṛṣamūlyam |
atha goghātakaḥ kārṣāpaṇasahasrayaṃ vṛṣamūlyaṃ gṛhītvā hṛṣṭastuṣṭaḥ pramudito bhagavataḥ pādau śirasā vanditvā taṃ govṛṣaṃ bandhanānmuktvā prakrāntaḥ |
śakro devendro bhagavataḥ pādau śirasā vanditvā tatraivāntarhitaḥ |
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atha govṛṣo gatapratyāgataprāṇo bhūyasyā mātrayā bhagavatyabhiprasanno bhagavantaṃ triḥ pradakṣiṇīkṛtya pṛṣṭhataḥ pṛṣṭhataḥ samanubaddho bhagavato mukhaṃ vyavalokayamāno ’sthāt |
atha bhagavān smitamakārṣīt |
dharmatā khalu yasmin samaye buddhā bhagavantaḥ smitaṃ prāviṣkurvanti, tasmin samaye nīlapītalohitāvadātāḥ puṣpaparāgapadmarāga­vajra­vaiḍūryamuasāragalvārkalohitakādakṣiṇāvarta­śaṅkha­śilāpravā­lajātarūpa­raja­tavarṇā arciṣo mukhānniścārya kāścidadhastādgacchanti, kāścidupariṣṭādgacchanti |
yā adhastādgacchanti, tāḥ saṃjīvaṃ kālasūtraṃ rauravaṃ mahārauravaṃ tapanaṃ pratāpanamavīcimarbudaṃ nirarbudamaṭaṭaṃ hahavaṃ huhuvamutpalaṃ padmaṃ mahāpadmaparyantān narakān gatvā ye uṣṇanarakāsteṣu śītībhūtvā nipatanti, ye śītanarakāsteṣūṣṇībhūtvā nipatanti |
tena teṣāṃ sattvānāṃ kāraṇāviśeṣāḥ pratiprasrabhyante |
teṣāmevaṃ bhavati—kiṃ nu vayaṃ bhavanta itaścyutāḥ, āhosvidanyatropapannā iti |
teṣāṃ prasādasaṃjananārthaṃ bhagavān nirmitaṃ visarjayati |
teṣāṃ nirmitaṃ dṛṣṭvā evaṃ bhavati—na hyeva vayaṃ bhavanta itaścyutāḥ, nāpyanyatropapannā iti |
api tvayamapūrvadarśanaḥ sattvaḥ, asyānubhāvenāsmākaṃ kāraṇāviśeṣāḥ pratiprasrabdhā iti |
te nirmite cittamabhiprasādya tannarakavedanīyaṃ karma kṣapayitvā devamanuṣyeṣu pratisaṃdhir gṛhṇanti yatra satyānāṃ bhājanabhūtā bhavanti |
yā upariṣṭādgacchanti, tāścāturmahārājakāyikān devāṃstrāyastriṃśān yāmāṃstuṣitān nirmāṇaratīn paranirmitavaśavartino brahmakāyikān brahmapurohitān mahābrahmaṇaḥ parīttābhānapramāṇābhānābhās­varān parīttaśubhānapramāṇaśubhāñ śubhakṛtsnānanabhrakān puṇyaprasavān bṛhatphalānabṛhānatapān sudṛśān sudarśanānakaniṣṭha­paryantān devān gatvā anityaṃ duḥkhaṃ śūnya­manāt­metyuddhoṣayanti |
gāthādvayaṃ bhāṣante— ārabhadhvaṃ niṣkrāmata yujyadhvaṃ buddhaśāsane |
dhunīta mṛtyunaḥ sainyaṃ naḍāgāramiva kuñjaraḥ (1)|
yo hyasmin dharmavinaye apramattaścariṣyati |
prahāya jātisaṃsāraṃ duḥkhasyāntaṃ kariṣyati (2)|
iti |
atha tā arciṣastrisāhas­ramahāsāhasraṃ lokadhātumanvāhiṇḍya bhagavantameva pṛṣṭhataḥ pṛṣṭhataḥ samanugacchanti |
tadyadi bhagavānatītaṃ karma vyākartukāmo bhavati, bhagavataḥ pṛṣṭhato ’ntardhīyante |
anāgataṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, purastādantardhīyante |
narakopapattiṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, pādatale-ntardhīyante |
tiryagupapattiṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, pārṣṇyāmantardhīyante |
pretopapattiṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, pādāṅguṣṭhe ’ntardhīyante |
manuṣyopapattiṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, jānunorantardhīyante |
balacakravartirājyaṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, vāme karatale ’ntardhīyante |
cakravartirājyaṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, dakṣiṇe karatale ’ntardhīyante |
devopapattiṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, nābhyāmantardhīyante |
śrāvakabodhiṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, āsye ’ntardhīyante |
pratyekāṃ bodhiṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, ūrṇāyāmantardhīyante |
anuttarāṃ samyaksambodhiṃ vyākartukāmo bhavati, uṣṇīṣe ’ntardhīyante |
atha tā arciṣo bhagavantaṃ triḥ pradakṣiṇīkṛtya bhagavata ūrṇāyāmantarhitāḥ |
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athāyuṣmānānandaḥ kṛtakarapuṭo bhagavantaṃ papraccha— nānāvidho raṅgasahasracitro vaktrāntarānniṣkasitaḥ kalāpaḥ |
avabhāsitā yena diśaḥ samantāddivākareṇodayatā yathaiva (3)|
gāthāṃ ca bhāṣite— vigatodbhavā dainyamadaprahīṇā buddhā jagatyuttamahetubhūtāḥ |
nākāraṇaṃ śaṅkhamṛṇālagauraṃ smitamupadarśayanti jinā jitārayaḥ (4)|
tatkālaṃ svayamadhigamya dhīra buddhyā śrotṛrṇāṃ śramaṇa jinendra kāṅkṣitānām |
dhīrābhirmunivṛṣa vāgbhiruttamābhirutpannaṃ vyapanaya saṃśayaṃ śubhābhiḥ (5)|
nākasmāllavaṇajalādri­rāja­dhairyāḥ saṃbuddhāḥ smitamupadarśayanti nāthāḥ |
yasyārthe smitamupadarśayanti dhīrā staṃ śrotuṃ samabhilaṣanti te janaughāḥ (6)|
iti |
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bhagavānāha—evametad­ānanda­, evametat |
nāhetvapratyayamānanda tathāgatā arhantaḥ samyaksambuddhāḥ smitaṃ prāviṣkurvanti |
dṛṣṭaste ānanda ayaṃ govṛṣah? dṛṣṭo bhadanta |
eṣa ānanda govṛṣastathāgatasyāntike prasannacittaḥ saptame divase kālaṃ kṛtvā cātrumahārājikeṣu deveṣūpapatsyate |
vaiśravaṇasya mahārājasya putro bhaviṣyati |
tataścyutvā trāyastriṃśeṣu deveṣūpapatsyate |
śakrasya devendrasya putro bhaviṣyati |
tataścyutvā yāmeṣu deveṣūpapatsyate |
yāmasya devasya putro bhaviṣyati |
tataścyutvā tuṣiteṣu deveṣūpapatsyate |
sa tuṣitasya devasya putro bhaviṣyati |
tataścyutvā nirmāṇaratiṣu deveṣūpapatsyate |
sunirmitasya devaputrasya putro bhaviṣyati |
tataścyutvā parinirmitavaśavartiṣu deveṣūpapatsyate |
vaśavaratino devaputrasya putro bhaviṣyati |
tadanayā saṃtatyā navanavatikalpasahasrāṇi vinipātaṃ na gamiṣyati |
tataḥ kāmāvacareṣu deveṣu divyaṃ sukhamanubhūya paścime bhave paścime nikete samucchraye paścime ātmabhāvapratilambhe manuṣyatvaṃ pratilabhya rājā bhaviṣyati aśokavarṇo nāma cakravartī caturarṇavāntavijetā dhārmiko dharmarājaḥ saptaratnasamanvāgataḥ |
tasyemānyevamrūpāṇi sapta ratnāni bhaviṣyanti |
tadyathā—cakraratnaṃ hastiratnamaśvaratnaṃ maṇiratnaṃ strīratnaṃ gṛhapatiratnaṃ pariṇāyakaratnameva saptamam |
pūrṇaṃ cāsya bhaviṣyati sahasraṃ putrāṇāṃ śūrāṇāṃ vīrāṇāṃ varāṅgarūpiṇā parasainyapramardakānām |
imāmeva samudraparyantāṃ mahā­pṛthivīmakhilāmakaṇṭa­kāma­nutpīḍāmadaṇḍenā­śastreṇa dharmyeṇa samayenābhinirjitya adhyāvatsyati |
so ’pareṇa samayena dānāni datvā cakravartirājyamapahāya keśaśmaśrūṇyavatārya kāṣāyāṇi vastrāṇi …ṣamyageva śraddhayā agārādanagārikāṃ pravrajya pratyekāṃ bodhiṃ sākṣātkariṣyati, aśokavarṇo nāma pratyekabuddho bhaviṣyati |
athāyuṣmānānandaḥ kṛtakarapuṭo bhagavantaṃ papraccha—kiṃ bhadanta anena govṛṣeṇa karma kṛtam yena tiryagyonāvupapannaḥ, kiṃ karma kṛtam yena divyamānuṣasukhamanubhūya pratyekāṃ bodhimadhigamiṣyati? bhagavānāha—anenaiva ānanda govṛṣeṇa karmāṇi kṛtānyupacitāni labdhasambhārāṇi pariṇatapratyayāni oghavatpratyupasthitānyavaśyambhāvīni |
govṛṣeṇa karmāṇi kṛtānyupacitāni |
ko ’nyaḥ pratyanubhaviṣyati? na hyānanda karmāṇi kṛtānyupacitāni bāhye pṛthivīdhātau vipacyante, nābdhātau, na tejodhātau, na vāyudhātau, api tūpātteṣveva skandhadhātvāyataneṣu karmāṇi kṛtāni vipacyante śubhāśubhāni ca |
na praṇaśyanti karmāṇi api kalpaśatairapi |
sāmagrīṃ prāpya kālaṃ ca phalanti khalu dehinām (7)|
bhūtapūrvamānanda atīte ’dhvani ekanavate kalpe vipaśyī nāma samyaksambuddho loka udapādi vidyācaraṇasampannaḥ sugato lokavidanuttaraḥ puruṣadamyasārathiḥ śāstā devamanuṣyāṇāṃ buddho bhagavān |
sa bandhumatīṃ rājadhānīmupaniśritya viharati, anyatamasmin vanaṣaṇḍe |
tasya nātidūre ṣaṣṭibhikṣavaḥ prativasantyāraṇyakāḥ piṇḍapātikāḥ |
sarve ca vītarāgā vigatadveṣā vigatamohā yāvat pañcamātrāṇi dhūrtakaśatāni tena tenāhiṇḍyamānāni taṃ pradeśamanuprāptāni |
teṣāmetadabhavat—ete hi pravrajitā mahātmānah īdṛśeṣu sthāneṣvabhiramante |
yadyeṣāṃ jīvitopacchedaṃ na kariṣyāmaḥ, na bhūya etasmin pradeśe svasthairvihartavyaṃ bhaviṣyati |
yadyapyete mahātmānaḥ sarva­sattvahitodayapravṛttā na pareṣāmārocayiṣyanti, tathāpyeṣāṃ pradhānapuruṣā upasaṃkramiṣyanti |
te ’smākaṃ rājñaḥ samarpayiṣyanti |
tatrāsmābhiścārakāvaruddhairmartavyaṃ bhaviṣyati |
kathamatra pratipattavyamiti? ekastatraiva nirghṛṇahṛdayastyaktaparalokaḥ |
sa kathayati—aghātayitvā etān kutaḥ kṣema iti? taiste jīvitādvyaparopitāḥ |
te caitatkarma kṛtvā pāpa­kama­kuśalam­eka­navatikalpānapāyeṣūpapannāḥ |
yadbhūyasā tu narakeṣu tiryagyonau upapannāśca santo nityaṃ śastreṇa praghātitāḥ |
tatra yo ’sau caurasteṣāṃ samādāpakaḥ, sa evāyaṃ govṛṣaḥ |
tasya karmaṇo vipākena iyantaṃ kālaṃ na kadācit sugatau upapannaḥ |
yatpunaridānīṃ mamāntike cittaṃ prasāditam, tasya karmaṇo vipākena divyaṃ mānuṣaṃ sukhamanubhūya pratyekāṃ bodhimadhigamiṣyati |
evaṃ hi ānanda tathāgatānāṃ cittaprasādo ’pyacintyavipākaḥ, kiṃ punaḥ praṇidhānam |
tasmāttarhi ānanda evaṃ śikṣitavyam yatstokastokaṃ muhūrtamuhūrtamantato ’cchaṭāsaṃghātamātramapi tathāgatamākārataḥ samanusmariṣyāmītyevaṃ te ānanda śikṣitavyam |
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athāyuṣmān ānando bhagavato bhāṣita­mabh­yāna­ndyānumodya bhikṣūṇāṃ purastādgāthā bhāṣate— aho nāthasya kāruṇyaṃ sarvajñasya hitaiṣiṇaḥ |
sukṛtenaiva vātsalyam yasyedṛśamahodbhutam (8)|
āpanno hi paraṃ kṛcchraṃ govṛṣo yena mocitaḥ |
vyākṛtaśca bhave divye pratyekaśca jino hyasau (9)|
iti |
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idamavocadbhagavān |
āttamanasaste bhikṣavo bhāṣitamabhyanandan |
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iti śrīdivyāvadāne ’śokavarṇāvadānamekādaśamam |
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