Divyāvadānam

29. aśokāvadānam

yadā rājñā aśokena ardhāmalakadānena bhagavacchāsane śraddhā pratilabdhā, sa bhikṣūnuvāca—kena bhagavacchāsane prabhūtaṃ dānaṃ dattam? bhikṣava ūcuh—anāthapiṇḍadena gṛhapatinā |
rājā āha—kiyattena bhagavacchāsane dānaṃ dattam? bhikṣava ūcuh—koṭiśataṃ tena bhagavacchāsane dānaṃ dattam |
śrutvā ca rājā aśokaścintayati—tena gṛhapatinā bhūtvā koṭiśataṃ bhagavachāsane dānaṃ dattam |
tenābhihitam—ahamapi koṭiśataṃ bhagavacchāsane dānaṃ dāsyāmi |
tena yāvaccaturaśīti­dharma­rājikā­sahasraṃ pratiṣṭhāpitam, sarvatra ca śatasahasrāṇi dattāni—jātau, bodhau, dharmacakre, parinirvāṇe ca, sarvatra śatasahasraṃ dattam |
pañcavārṣikaṃ kṛtam |
tatra ca catvāri śatasahasrāṇi dattāni, trīṇi śatasahasrāṇi bhikṣūṇāṃ bhojitāni yatrekarmahatāṃ dvau śaikṣāṇāṃ pṛthagjanakalyāṇakānāṃ ca |
kośaṃ sthāpayitvā mahā­pṛthivīmantaḥpurāmātya­gaṇa­māt­mānaṃ kuṇālaṃ ca āryasaṃghe niryātayitvā catvāri śatasahasrāṇi dattvā niṣkrītavān |
ṣaṇṇavatikoṭyo bhagavacchāsane dānaṃ dattam |
sa yāvad glānībhūtaḥ |
atha rājā idānīṃ na bhaviṣyāmīti viklavībhūtaḥ |
tasya rādhagupto nāmāmātyo yena saha pāṃśudānaṃ dattam |
tadā sa rājānamaśokaṃ viklavībhūtamavekṣya pādayor nipatya kṛtāñjaliruvāca— yacchatrusaṃghaiḥ prabalaiḥ sametya nodvīkṣitaṃ caṇḍadivākarābham |
padmāna­naśrī­śata­samprapītaṃ kasmāt sabāṣpaṃ tava deva vaktram (1)|
rājā āha—rādhagupta, nāhaṃ dravyavināśaṃ na rājyanāśanaṃ na cāśrayaviyogaṃ śocāmi, kiṃ tu śocāmi—āryairyadviprayukṣyāmi |
nāhaṃ punaḥ sarvaguṇopapannaṃ saṃghaṃ samakṣaṃ naradevapūjitam |
saṃpūjayiṣyāmi varānnapānairetaṃ vicintyāśruvimokṣaṇam (2)|
api ca rādhagupta, ayaṃ me manoratho babhūva—koṭiśataṃ bhagavacchāsane dānaṃ dāsyāmīti, sa ca me ’bhiprāyo na paripūrṇaḥ |
tato rājñā aśokena catvāraḥ koṭyaḥ paripūrayiṣyāmīti hiraṇyasuvarṇaṃ kurkuṭārāmaṃ praṣayitumārabdhaḥ |
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tasmiṃśca samaye kuṇālasya saṃpadir nāma putro yuvarājye pravartate |
tasyāmātyairabhihitam—kumāra­, aśoko rājā svalpakālāvasthāyī |
idaṃ ca dravyaṃ kurkuṭārāmaṃ preṣyate |
kośabalinaśca rājānaḥ |
nivārayitavyaḥ |
yāvat kumāreṇa bhāṇḍāgārikaḥ pratiṣiddhaḥ |
yadā rājño ’śokasyāpratiṣiddhā (tasya) suvarṇabhājane āhāramupanāmyate |
bhuktvā tāni suvarṇabhājanāni kurkuṭārāmaṃ preṣayati |

tasya suvarṇabhājanaṃ pratiṣiddham |
rūpyabhājane āhāramupanāmyate, tānyapi kurkuṭārāmaṃ preṣayati |
tato rūpyabhājanamapi pratiṣiddham, yāvallohabhājana āhāramupanāmyate |
tānyapi rājā aśokaḥ kurkuṭārāmaṃ preṣayati |
tasya yāvanmṛdbhājana āhāramupanāmyate |
tasmiṃśca samaye rājño ’śokasya ardhāmalakaṃ karāntaragatam |
atha rājā aśokaḥ saṃvigno ’mātyān paurāṃśca saṃnipātya kathayati—kaḥ sāmprataṃ pṛthivyāmīśvarah? tato ’mātya utthāyāsanādyena rājā aśokastenāñjaliṃ praṇamyovāca—deva, pṛthivyāmīśvaraḥ |
atha rājā aśokaḥ sāśrudurdinanayanavadano ’mātyānuvāca— dākṣiṇyādanṛtaṃ hi kiṃ kathayata bhraṣṭādhirājyā vayaṃ śeṣaṃ tvāmalakārdhamityavasitam yatra prabhutvaṃ mama |
eśvaryaṃ dhignāryamuddhatanadītoyapraveśopamaṃ martyendrasya mamāpi yatpratibhayaṃ dāridryamabhyāgatam (3)|
athavā ko bhagavato vākyamanyathā kariṣyati? saṃpattayo hi sarvā vipattinidhanā iti pratijñātam yadavitathavādinā gautamena, na hi tadvisaṃvadati |
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pratiśiṣyate ’smanne cirādājñā mama yāvatī yathā manasā |
sādyaiva mahā­dri­śilā­talavihatanadīvat pratinivṛttā (4)|
ājñāpya vyavadhūtaḍimbaḍamarāmekātapatrāṃ mahīmutpāṭya pratigarvitānarigaṇānāśvāsya dīnāturān |
bhraṣṭasvāyatano na bhāti kṛpaṇaḥ saṃpratyaśoko nṛpah chinnāmlānaviśīrṇa­patra­kusumaḥ śuṣyatyaśoko yathā (5)|
tato rājā aśokaḥ samīpo gataṃ puruṣamāhūyovāca—bhadra­mukha, pūrvaguṇānurāgādbhraṣṭaiśvaryasyāpi mama imaṃ tāvadapaścimaṃ vyāpāraṃ kuru |
idaṃ mamārdhāmalakaṃ grahāya kurkuṭārāmaṃ gatvā saṃghe niryātaya |
madvacanācca saṃghasya pādābhivandanaṃ kṛtvā vaktavyam—jambudvīpaiśvaryasya rājña eṣa sāmprataṃ vibhava iti |
idaṃ tāvadapaścimaṃ dānaṃ tathā paribhoktavyam yathā me saṃghagatā dakṣiṇā vistīrṇā syāditi |
āha ca— idaṃ pradānaṃ caramaṃ mamādya rājyaṃ ca taṃ caiva gataṃ svabhāvam |
ārogyavaidyoṣadhivarjitasya trātā na me ’styāryagaṇādbahirdhā (6)|
tatathā bhujyatām yena pradānaṃ mama paścimam |
yathā saṃghagatā me ’dya vistīrṇā dakṣiṇā bhavet (7)|
evaṃ deveti s puruṣo rājño ’śokasya pratiśrutya tadardhāmalakaṃ kurukuṭārāmaṃ gatvā vṛddhānte sthitvā kṛtāñjalistadardhāmalakaṃ saṃghe niryātayannuvāca—ekac­chatrasamucchrayāṃ vasumatīmājñāpayan yaḥ purā lokaṃ tāpayati sma madhyadivasaprāpto divā bhāskaraḥ |
bhāgyacchidramavekṣya so ’dya nṛpatiḥ svaiḥ karmābhirvañcitaḥ saṃprāpte divasakṣaye raviriva bhraṣṭaprabhāvaḥ sthitaḥ (8)|
bhaktyavanatena śirasā praṇamya saṃghāya tena khalu dattamidamāmalakasyārdhaṃ lakṣmīcāpalyacihnitam |
tataḥ saṃghasthaviro bhikṣūnuvāca—bhadantā bhavantaḥ, śakyamidānīṃ saṃvegamutpādayitum |
kutah? evaṃ hyuktaṃ bhagavatā—paravipattiḥ saṃvejanīyaṃ sthānamiti |
kasyedānīṃ sahṛdayasya saṃvego notpadyate? kutah? tyāgaśūro narendro ’sāvaśoko mauryakuñjaraḥ |
jambudvīpeśvaro bhūtvā jāto ’rdhāmalakeśvaraḥ (9)|
mṛtyaiḥ sa bhūmipatiradya hṛtādhikāro dānaṃ prayacchati kilāmalakārdhametat |
śrībhogāvista­rama­dairatigarvitānāṃ pratyādiśanniva manāṃsi pṛthagjanānām (10)|
yāvattadardhāmalakaṃ cūrṇayitvā yūṣe prakṣipya saṃghe cāritam |
tato rājā aśoko rādhaguptamuvāca—kathaya rādhagupta, kaḥ sāmprataṃ pṛthivyāmīśvarah? atha rādhagupto ’śokasya pādayor nipatya kṛtāñjaliruvāca—devaḥ pṛthivyāmīśvaraḥ |
atha rājā aśokaḥ kathaṃcidutthāya caturdiśamavalokya saṃghāya añjaliṃ kṛtvovāca—eṣa idānīṃ mahatkośaṃ sthāpayitvā imāṃ samudraparyantāṃ mahāpṛthivīṃ bhagavacchrāvakasaṃghe niryātayāmi |
āha ca— imāṃ samudrottamanīlakañcu­kāman­eka­ratnākarabhūṣitānanām |
dadāmyahaṃ bhūtadharāṃ samandarāṃ saṃghāya tasminnupabhujyate phalam (11)|
api ca |
dānenāhamanena nendrabhavanaṃ na brahmaloke phalaṃ kāṅkṣāmi drutavārivegacapalaṃ prāgeva rājaśriyam |
dānasyāsya phalaṃ tu bhaktimahato yanme ’sti tenāpnuyāṃ citta­iśvarya­mahār­yamāryamahitaṃ nāyāti yadvikriyām (12)|
yāvat patrābhilikhitaṃ kṛtvā dantamudrayā mudritam |
tato rājā mahāpṛthivīṃ saṃghe datvā kālagataḥ |
yāvadamātyair nīlapītābhiḥ śibikābhir nirhāritvā śarīrapūjāṃ kṛtvā rājānaṃ pratiṣṭhāpayiṣyāma iti, yāvadrādhaguptenābhihitam |
rājñā aśokena mahāpṛthivī saṃghe niryātitā iti |
tato ’mātyairabhihitam—kimarthamiti? rādhagupta uvāca—eṣa rājño ’śokasya manorathe babhūva—koṭiśataṃ bhagavacchāsena dānaṃ dāsyāmīti |
tena ṣaṇṇavitikoṭyo dattā yāvadrājñyā pratiṣiddhā |
tadabhiprāyeṇa rājñā mahāpṛthivī saṃghe dattā |
yāvadamātyaiścatasraḥ koṭyo bhagavacchāsane dattvā pṛthivīṃ niṣkrīya saṃpadī rājye pratiṣṭhāpitaḥ |
saṃpaderbṛhaspatiḥ putraḥ, bṛhaspatervṛṣasenaḥ, vṛṣasenasya puṣyadharmā, puṣyadharmaṇaḥ puṣyamitraḥ |
so ’mātyānāmantrayate—ka uapāyaḥ syādyadasmākaṃ nāma ciraṃ tiṣṭhet? nairabhihitam—devasya ca vaṃśādaśoko nāṃnā rājā babhūveti |
tena caturaśīti­dharma­rājikā­sahasraṃ pratiṣṭhāpitam |
yāvadbhagavacchāsanaṃ prāpyate, tāvattasya yaśaḥ sthāsyati |
devo ’pi caturaśīti­dharma­rājikā­sahasraṃ pratiṣṭhāpayatu |
rājā āha—maheśākhyo rājā aśoko babhūva |
anyaḥ kaścidupāya iti? tasya brāhmaṇapurohitaḥ pṛthagjano ’śrāddhaḥ |
tenābhihitam—deva, dvābhyāṃ kāraṇābhyāṃ nāma ciraṃ sthāsyati |
yāvadrājā puṣyamitraścaturaṅga­bala­kāyaṃ saṃnāhayitvā bhagavacchāsanaṃ vināśayiṣyāmīti kukkuṭārāmaṃ nirgataḥ |
dvāre ca siṃhanādo muktaḥ |
yāvatsa rājā bhītaḥ pāṭaliputraṃ praviṣṭaḥ |
evaṃ dvirapi trirapi |
yāvadbhikṣūṃśca saṃghamāhūya kathayati—bhagavacchāsanaṃ nāśāyiṣyāmīti |
kimicchatha stūpaṃ saṃghārāmān vā? bhikṣubhiḥ parigṛhītāḥ |
yāvatpuṣyamitro yāvat saṃghārāmaṃ bhikṣūṃśca praghātayan prasthitaḥ |
sa yāvacchākalamanuprāptaḥ |
tenābhihitam—yo me śramaṇaśiro dāsyati, tasyāhaṃ dīnāraśataṃ dāsyāmi |
dharma­rājikāvārhadbuddhyā(?) śiro dātumārabdham |
śrutvā ca rājā arhatpraghātayitu­mārab­dhaḥ |
sa ca nirodhaṃ samāpannaḥ |
tasya paropakarmo na kramate |
sa yatnamutsṛjya yāvatkoṣṭhakaṃ gataḥ |
daṃṣṭhrānivāsī yakṣaścintayati—idaṃ bhagavacchāsanaṃ vinaśyati |
ahaṃ ca śikṣāṃ dhārayāmi |
na mayā śakyaṃ kasyacidapriyaṃ kartum |
tasya duhitā kṛmiśena yakṣeṇa yācyate, na cānuprayacchati—tvaṃ pāpakarmakārīti |
yāvatsā duhitā tena kṛmiśasya dattā bhagavacchāsana­parit­rāṇāryaṃ parigrahaparipālanārthaṃ ca |
puṣyamitrasya rājñaḥ pṛṣṭhato yakṣo mahān pramāṇe yūyam(?) |
tasyānubhāvātsa rājā na pratihanyate |
yāvaddaṃṣṭrānivāsī yakṣastaṃ puṣyamitrānubandhayakṣaṃ grahāya parvatacarye ’carat |
yāvaddakṣiṇā mahāsamudraṃ gataḥ |
kṛmiśena ca yakṣeṇa mahāntaṃ parvatamānayitvā puṣyamitro rājā sabalavāhano ’vaṣṭabdhaḥ |
tasya munihata iti saṃjñā vyavasthāpitā |
yadā puṣyamitro rājā praghātitastadā mauryavaṃśaḥ samucchinnaḥ |
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iti śrīdivyāvadāne aśokāvadānaṃ samāptam |
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