pārājika-dharma 1

maithunaṁ

Origin story

atha khalu bhagavān bhikṣuṇīyo āmantrayate sma tasmāt tahiṁ bhikṣuṇīyo adya-d-agreṇa mahāprajāpatīṁ gautamīṁ saṁgha-sthavirīṁ saṁgha-mahattarīṁ saṁghapariṇāyikāṁ dhārayatha |

ya ime bhagavan bhagavatā catvāro patanīyo dharmo abhijñāya deśitāḥ labhyā te bhagavann asmābhi vistareṇa śrotuṁ | bhagavān āha labhyā gautami |

pañcārtha-vaśān saṁpaśyamānāya śraddhāya kuladhītāya alam vi nayam uddiśituṁ | alaṁ vinayaṁ dhārayituṁ yathā bhikṣuvinaye |

ekam idaṁ gautami samayan tathāgato śrāvastīyam viharati | atha khalu śāriputrasya sthavirasya yāvat ko nu khalu bhagavan hetuḥ kaḥ pratyayo yena ihaikeṣān tathāgatānām, arhatāṁ samyaksambuddhānām atyayena cira-sthitikaṁ prāvacanaṁ bhavati cira-sthitikaḥ sad-dharma iti yathā bhikṣu-vinaye |

ekam idaṁ gautami samayan tathāgato vaiśālīyam viharati | vistareṇa yaśikasyārthotpattiḥ prathamā | tasmāt tarhi gautami bhikṣuṇyāpi atraiva śikṣitavyam |

dvinnāṁ licchavi kumārāṇām arthotpattiḥ | dvitīyā |
yāvan nāsti bhikṣuṇīye śikṣā-pratyākhyānaṁ | tṛtīyā |
nāsti daurbalyāviṣkara-karma | caturthī |
nandikasyārthotpattiḥ | pañcamī |
markaṭīya arthotpattiḥ ṣaṣṭhī |

vistareṇa tasmād iha gautami bhikṣuṇīhi atraiva śikṣitavyaṁ |

atha khalu bhagavān mahāprajāpatīṁ gautamīm āmantrayati | sannipātaya gautami bhikṣuṇīyo | atha khalu bhagavān sannipatitaṁ bhikṣuṇī-saṁghaṁ viditvā yāvac chikṣāpadaṁ prajñaptaṁ |

Ruling

yā puna bhikṣuṇī chandaso maithunaṁ grāmyaṁ dharmaṁ pratiṣeviya antamasato tiryagyonigatagatena pi sārdhaṁ iyaṁ bhikṣuṇī pārājikā bhavaty asamvāsyāḥsyā |

Definitions

  • yā puna bhikṣuṇī ti upasampannā sūpasampannā traivācikena karmaṇā jñapti-caturthena anāghāta-pañcamena samagreṇa saṁghena ubhayataḥ saṁghena iyaṁ bhikṣuṇī |
  • cchandaso ti raktacittā |
  • maithunan ti abrahmacaryaṁ
  • grāmya-dharman ti grāmasyāpy eṣo dharmo nagarasyāpy eṣo dharmo sarvāvantasyāpi lokasya eṣo dharmo |
  • pratiṣeveyā ti adhyācāreya |

Permutations

sā eṣā bhikṣuṇī maithunaṁ grāmyadharmaṁ pratiṣevati mānuṣeṇa puruṣeṇa mānuṣyakena paṇḍakena trayāṇāṁ vraṇamukhānāṁ dhanya-mārge varca-mārge prasrāva-mārge anyatarānyatarasmiṁ vraṇa-mukhe aṅga-jāte aṅgajātaṁ prakṣiptaṁ ārtīyati ārtayitvā svādayati | ādau svādayati | madhye svādayati | paryavasāne svādayati | sukhīyati | āsvādaṁ nigamayati pārājikā bhavati | ādau na svādayati | madhyena svādayati | paryavasāne svādayati | yāvat pārājikā bhavati | ādau na svādayati | madhye na svādayati | paryavasāne svādayati yā āsvādan nigamayati sā pārājikā bhavati | ādau na svādayati | madhye na svādayati | paryavasāne na svādayati anāpattiḥ |

evaṁ suptasya mṛtasya aṅgajāte aṅgajātaṁ prakṣipitvā artīyati | peyālaṁ evaṁ amānuṣasya paṇḍakasya tiryagyonigatasya puruṣasya paṇḍakasya trayāṇāṁ vraṇa-mukhānāṁ | peyālaṁ |

sā eṣā bhikṣuṇī rakta-cittā puruṣaṁ darśanāya uṭṭhāpeti samvara-gāmi-vinayātikramam āsādayati darśana-śravaṇe deśanā-gāmi-vinayātikramam āsādayati | yathā bhikṣu-vinaye |

puruṣo tri-khaṇḍī-kṛto bhavati | dvidhā-pāṭito bhavati | śuṣko bhavati | koṭaraka-jātaḥ | ādhmātajāto bhavati | vinīlako bhavati | vipūyako bhavati |

pañca bhikṣuṇīyo pañca bhikṣūn balāt prasahya-m-adhyo-mardatinti pañca bhikṣuṇīyo pārājikāyo bhavanti | yo ca bhikṣuḥ sātiyati |

pañca bhikṣū pañca bhikṣuṇīyo balāt pragṛhya-m-adhyomardatinti pañca bhikṣū pārājikā bhavanti | yā ca bhikṣuṇī sātiyati |

bhikṣu bhikṣuṇīya sārdhaṁ anyonyaṁ vipratipadyati ubhaye pārājikā bhavanti | bhikṣuṇī śrāmaṇereṇa saha vipratipadyati bhikṣuṇī pārājikā bhavati śrāmaṇero nāśayitavyo | atha dāni bhikṣuṇī aārāmike nasaha vipratipadyate bhikṣuṇī pārājikā bhavati | ārāmiko agṛhīta-samvaratvāt kim vradyiṣyati | evaṁ tīrthikena | trihi bhikṣuṇī pārājikā bhavati | mānuṣeṇa amānuṣeṇa tiryagyonigatena aparehi trihi dhanya-mārge varca-mārge prasrāva-mārge | aparehi trihi supte mṛte jāgrante | dvihi bhikṣuṇī pārājikā bhavati puruṣeṇa paṇḍakena ca | sā eṣā bhikṣuṇī suptā vā bhavati mattā vā unmattā vā vistareṇa puruṣo upasaṁkramya abhiniṣīdati vā abhinipadyati vā | antostarati vā | sā tato utthāya ādau svādayati | madhye svādayati | paryavasāne svādayati pārājikaṁ bhavati | kin ti dāni sādiyanā draṣṭavyā | kin ti dāni asādiyanā | yathā bhikṣu-vinaye | sā eṣā bhikṣuṇī chandaso maithunaṁ grāmya-dharmaṁ pratiṣevatīti | peyālaṁ | sā eṣā āpadyati | apy ekatyā ajñānāt | apyekatyā smṛti-saṁmoṣāt | apy ekatyākalpiya-saṁjñayā | apy ekatyā alajjikena | apy ekatyā rāgābhibhūtā doṣābhibhūtā mohābhibhūtā anāpattiḥ | kṣipta-cittāye akarantīye anadhyācarantīye anāpattiḥ | tena bhagavān āha |

Restatement of rule

yā punar bhikṣuṇī chandaśo maithunaṁ grāmya-dharmaṁ pratiṣeveya antamasato tiryagyoni-gatenāpi sārdhaṁ iyaṁ bhikṣuṇī pārājikā bhavaty asaṁvāsyā |