Mahāvastu

107. The Jātaka of Asthisena

asmābhir api bhagavan kathaṃ piṇḍāya caritavyaṃ bhavati bhikṣāṃ dehīti || bhagavān āha || na hoti tūṣṇībhūtena uddeśena sthātavyaṃ | evam āryāṇāṃ yācanaṃ ||

bhūtapūrvaṃ bhikṣavo atītamadhvāne ihaiva vārāṇasyāṃ nagare rājaputrasya asthiseno nāma purohitaputro vayasyo | so kāmeṣu ādīnavaṃ dṛṣṭvā parivrājakapravrajyāṃ pravrajito kaumārabrahmacārī daśakuśala­pathasamādāyavartī devapārago parivrājakaśāstreṣu gatiṃgato || so dāni rājaputro rājyaprāpto so naṃ asthisenaṃ purohitaputraṃ gāthāye adhyabhāṣe ||

naiva dviṣanti saprajñā asthisena vanīpakaṃ |
brahmacāri priyo me si yāce brahme yad icchasi ||

atha khalu bhikṣavo asthiseno vanīpako gāthāye pratyabhāṣe ||

yācento apriyo bhavati adento bhavati apriyo |
tasmād bhavantaṃ na yācāmi mā me vidveṣaṇā bhavet* ||

atha khalu bhikṣavaḥ sa kāśirājā asthisenaṃ vanīpakaṃ gāthāye pratyabhāṣe ||

yo hi yācanako santo yācitavyaṃ na yācati |
paraṃ ca puṇyaṃ tyājeti ātmanā ca vihanyati ||

atha khalu bhikṣavaḥ asthiseno vanīpako taṃ kāśirājaṃ pratyabhāṣe ||

yācanāṃ rodanam āhu adānaṃ pratirodanaṃ |
tasmād bhavantaṃ na yācāmi mā me ārodanaṃ bhavet* ||

na vai yācati saprajño nāryo veditum arhati |
uddeśa āryā tiṣṭhanti eṣā āryāṇa yācanā ||

atha khalu bhikṣavaḥ sa kāśirājā asthisenaṃ vanīpakaṃ gāthāye pratyabhāṣe ||

dadāmi te brāhmaṇa rohiṇīnāṃ
pūrṇaṃ sahasraṃ saha puṅgavena |
āryo hi āryasya kathaṃ na dadyā
śrutvāna gāthāṃ kathitām subhāṣitāṃ ||

bhagavān āha || nānyo bhikṣavas tadā sa kāśirājño asthiseno nāma purohitaputro parivrājako vayasyo abhūṣi | ahaṃ sa tadā asthiseno parivrājako abhūṣi ||

asthisenasya jātakaṃ samāptaṃ ||

bhagavān āha ||

na vai yācati saprajño nāryo vedayitum arhati |
uddeśe āryās tiṣṭhante eṣā āryāṇa yācanā ||

evaṃ bhikṣavaḥ piṇḍacāraṃ caritavyaṃ || te dāni bhikṣū bhagavantam āhansuḥ || kim asmābhir bhagavaṃ bhikṣāye labdhāye vaktavyaṃ svasti svastīti || bhagavān āha || na bhikṣavo yuṣmābhir ādiśitavyaṃ bhikṣāyāṃ labdhāyāṃ ||

sarvapāpasyākaraṇaṃ kuśalasyopasaṃpadā |
svacittaparyādāpanaṃ etad buddhānuśāsanaṃ ||

te dāni bhikṣū ṛṣivadane mṛgadāve varṣoṣitā diśodiśaṃ cārikāṃ prakrāntā || ṛṣivadane devatā teṣāṃ bhikṣūṇāṃ sthānāni caṃkramāṇi niṣadyāni śayyāni śūnyāni nirabhiramyāṇi dṛṣṭvā ratiṃ avindantī yena bhagavāṃs tenopasaṃkramitvā bhagavantaṃ gāthāye pratyabhāṣe ||

arati me viṣaye dya khyāyati
śūnyaṃ dṛṣṭva viviktamānuṣaṃ |
te citrakathā bahuśrutā
kahiṃ te gautama śrāvakā gatā ||

bhagavān āha ||

magadhāṃ gatā kośalāṃ gatā
vajjibhūmiṃ ca athāpare gatā |
mṛgakā va asaṃgacāriṇo
praviviktā viharanti bhikṣavaḥ ||

bhagavāṃ prasthito | nāvikena bhagavantaṃ dṛṣṭvā gaṃgātīram upasaṃkramantaṃ nāvā allīpitā || bhagavāṃ nāvam āruhya nāvikam āha ||

siṃca bhikṣu imāṃ nāvāṃ maitrāye siktā te laghu bheṣyati |
chittvā rāgaṃ ca doṣaṃ ca tato nirvāṇam eṣyasi ||

siṃca bhikṣu imāṃ nāvāṃ karuṇāya siktā te laghu bheṣyati |
chittvā rāgaṃ ca doṣaṃ ca tato nirvāṇam eṣyasi ||

siṃca bhikṣu imāṃ nāvāṃ muditāya siktā te laghu bheṣyati |
chittvā rāgaṃ ca doṣaṃ ca tato nirvāṇam eṣyasi ||

siṃca bhikṣu imāṃ nāvāṃ upekṣāye siktā te laghu bheṣyati |
chittvā rāgaṃ ca doṣaṃ ca tato nirvāṇam eṣyasi ||

maitrāvihārī yo bhikṣuḥ prasanno buddhaśāsane |
adhigacchati padaṃ śāntaṃ asecanaṃ ca mocanaṃ ||

karuṇāvihārī yo bhikṣu prasanno buddhaśāsane |
adhigacchati padaṃ śāntaṃ apṛthagjanasevitaṃ ||

muditāvihārī yo bhikṣu prasanno buddhaśāsane |
adhigacchati padaṃ śāntaṃ akāpuruṣasevitaṃ ||

upekṣāvihārī yo bhikṣu prasanno buddhaśasane |
adhigacchati padaṃ śāntaṃ nirvāṇaṃ padam acyutaṃ ||

dharmārāmo dharmarato dharmam anuvicintayaṃ |
dharmaṃ samanusmaraṃ bhikṣu saddharmān na parihāyati ||

udagracitto sumanā abhibhūya priyāpriyaṃ |
tato prāmodyabahulo bhikṣu nirvāṇasantike ||

na śīlavratamātreṇa bāhuśrutyena vā punaḥ |
atha vā samādhilābhena prāntaśayyāsanena ca ||

spṛhayaṃ naiṣkramyasukhaṃ apṛthagjanasevitaṃ |
bhikṣu viśvāsam āpadye aprāpte āśravakṣaye ||

bhikṣu na tāvatā bhavati yāvatā bhikṣate parāṃ |
viṣamāṃ dharmāṃ samādāya bhikṣu bhoti na tāvatā ||

yo ca kāmāṃ ca pāpāṃ cādhikṛtvā brahmacaryavāṃ |
niḥśreṇībhūto saprajño sa vai bhikṣūti vuccati ||

yato care yato tiṣṭhe yato āse yato śaye |
yato saṃmiṃjaye kāyaṃ yato kāyaṃ prasāraye ||

yatayāyī yataseyyo asyā
yatasaṃkalpa dhyāyi apramatto |
adhyāyarato samāhito
eko saṃtuṣito tam āhu bhikṣuṃ ||

cakṣuṣā saṃvaro sādhu sādhu śrotreṇa saṃvaraḥ |
ghrāṇena saṃvaro sādhu sādhu jihvāya saṃvaro ||

kāyena saṃvaro sādhu manasā sādhu saṃvaraḥ |
sarvatra saṃvṛto bhikṣuḥ sarvaduḥkhā pramucyate ||

so dāni bhagavatā vaśībhāvena vinīto | siṃca bhikṣu imāṃ nāvāṃ ti ābhāṣṭasya yat kiṃcid gṛhiliṃgaṃ gṛhiguptaṃ gṛhidhvajaṃ gṛhikalpaṃ sarvaṃ samantarhitaṃ tricīvaraṃ cāsya prādurbhavet suṃbhakaṃ ca pātraṃ prakṛtisvabhāvasaṃsthitā ca keśā īryāpathaṃ cāsya saṃsthihe tadyathāpi nāma varṣaśatopasaṃpannasya bhikṣusya || evaṃ āyuṣmato gaṃgeyakasya nāvikasya pravrajyā upasaṃpadā bhikṣubhāvo ||

taṃ tahiṃ bhagavāṃ visarjayati || so dāni bhagavantaṃ āha || yadi bhagavaṃ kenacit pṛcchiyeyaṃ ko tvaṃ ti kiṃ mayā bhagavaṃ vaktavyaṃ || bhagavān āha || śramaṇo pi tvaṃ brāhmaṇo pi tvaṃ vedako pi tvaṃ tārako pi tvaṃ pārago pi tvaṃ ||

śakro devānām indro māṇavakavarṇam ātmānaṃ ṛddhīye abhinirmiṇitvā prāsādiko darśanīyo śobhanehi jaṭehi nīlehi nīlama­yūrag­rīva­saṃ­nikāśehi sauvarṇena yaṣṭikamaṇḍalunā bhagavato pātracīvarakuṇḍikam ādāya pṛṣṭhato gacchati || jano āha || ko svāyaṃ māṇavako prāsādiko darśanīyo || so dāni āha ||

yo vīro dhṛtisaṃpanno dhyāyī apratipudgalo |
arhanto sugato loke tasyāhaṃ paricārako ||

yo vuhyamānaṃ tāreti dharmanāvāya gautamo |
uttīrṇo pārago buddho tasyāhaṃ paricārako ||

bhagavāṃ pi śakraṃ devānām indraṃ visarjayati ||