Mahāvastu

42. The Story of Dharmapāla

bhagavān āha ||

bhūtapūrvaṃ bhikṣavo atītamadhvāne nagare vārāṇasī kāśijanapade brahmadatto nāma rājā rājyaṃ kārayati | nihatapratyarthiko nihatapratyamitro sunigṛhītajanapado dānasaṃvibhāgaśīlo kṛtapuṇyo maheśākhyo mahābalo mahākośo mahāvāhano | tasya taṃ rājyaṃ ṛddhaṃ ca sphītaṃ ca kṣemaṃ ca subhikṣaṃ ca ākīrṇajanamanuṣyaṃ ca || tasya rājño purohito brahmāyuḥ nāma trayāṇāṃ vedānāṃ pārago sanirghaṇṭhakaiṭabhānāṃ itihāsapaṃcamānāṃ akṣarapadavyākaraṇe analpako | so yam ācāryaḥ kuśalo brāhmaṇavedeṣu pi śāstreṣu dānasaṃvibhāgaśīlo daśa kuśalakarmapathāṃ samādāya vartati || tasya putro dharmapālo nāma māṇavako || tasya brahmāyusya bhavati | samayo mama putrasya dharmapālasya vedāni adhīyituṃ na caiṣa yukto mama sakāśāto vedāni adhītuṃ | pitṛviśrambheṇāpi nādhīṣyati gurukule naṃ dāsyāmi || ayam api brāhmaṇo vedapārago anuhimavante āśrame paṃca vaṭukaśatāni vedāṃ vāceti | tena so dharmapālo tasya brāhmaṇasya anuparītto vedān adhyāpehīti ||

tasyāpi dāni āśramasya avidūre mahān udakahrado tatra ca udakahrade udakarākṣaso prativasati punarpunaḥ janaṃ snapayantaṃ māreti || so dharmapālo māṇavako tahiṃ udakahrade punarpunaḥ snāpayati || tasya brāhmaṇasya bhavati || atra udakahrade udakarākṣaso prativasati punaḥpunar manuṣyāṃ māreti eṣo ca dharmapālo purohitaputro tatra udakahrade snāpayati | sace dāni tatra snāyanto udakarākṣasena khajjeya purohito asṃākaṃ aparituṣṭo bhaveya kiṃ tumhehi udakahradāto na vārito || so dāni tena upādhyāyena dharmapālako māṇavako śabdāpito ucyati || mā atra udakahrade snāyāhi atra udakahrade rākṣaso dāruṇo prativasati | mā tena udakarākṣasena khajjiṣyasi || tatra ca udakahrade maheśākhyo nāgo prativasati mahāparivāro tasya ca nāgarājño putro dharmapālena māṇavakena sārdhaṃ prīṇayati kathāsamullāpena ramati | tena so māṇavako nāgabhavanāntaḥ tārito || tena māṇavakena sārdhaṃ so nāgakumāro kathāsamullāpena ramati tatra ca nāgabhavane dharmapālo māṇavako daśa kuśalāṃ karmapathāṃ deśayati || aparo ca māṇavako dharmapālasya samavayo sadṛśo ca grāmāntaraṃ tena mārgeṇa gacchanto tahiṃ udakahrade udake snāyate || so tena udakarākṣasena mārito tahiṃ udakahrade ardhakhāditako plavanto apareṇa māṇavakena dṛṣṭo || tena āśramaṃ gatvā upādhyāyasya ārocitaṃ dharmapālo udakarākṣasena khāyito ti || so brāhmaṇo sarvehi tehi paṃcahi vaṭukaśatehi sārdhaṃ taṃ udakahradaṃ gato paśyati ca taṃ māṇavakaṃ udakarākṣasena ardhakhāditakaṃ plavantaṃ | tehi taṃ dṛṣṭvā sarvehi rāvo mukto || tehi tato udakāto utkṣipitvā kāṣṭhāni samāvartayitvā dhyāyito || tāni asthīni ghaṭake kṛtvā saparivāro vārāṇasīṃ gato brahmāyusya mūle | aśrukaṇṭho rudanmukho brahmāyuṣya upasaṃkramitvā āha || sa dharmapālo udakarākṣasena mārito | ibhāni asthīni || brahmāyu brāhmaṇaṃ āha || nāsti etan ti dharmapālo daharo kumāro nāpi asmākaṃ kule daharā mṛtapūrvā || so dāni brahmāyur brāhmaṇo taṃ dharmapālasya upādhyāyaṃ gāthāya adhyabhāṣasi ||

prāṇaṃ na hiṃseya nadinnamādiye
pāpaṃ ca karmaṃ manasāpi na caret* |
sarve anārjaṃ parivarjeyāmaḥ
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyati ||

na ca mo kadācid asti krodho
na cāpi krudhyāma vayaṃ kadācit* |
kruddhe pi no cāpi karoma kopaṃ
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyati ||

śṛṇoma dharmaṃ asatāṃ satāṃ ca
no cāpi dharmaṃ asatāṃ rocayāma |
asatāṃ hi tvasatāṃ rocayāmaḥ
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyati ||

dadāma dānā bahuśo bahūni
no cāpi no apriyo yācamāno |
dattvā ca dānā nanutapyamānā
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyati ||

ye brāhmaṇā śravaṇaśīlavanto
ghoṣeṣiṇo yācanakā upenti |
priyaṃ mo teṣāṃ śravaṇadarśanaṃ ca
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyati ||

ye brāhmaṇā śravaṇaśīlavanto
ghoṣeṣiṇo yācanakā caranti |
tān annapānair abhitarpayāmaḥ
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyate ||

ye cāpi mo yācanakā upenti
andhā anāthā kṛpaṇā anāyakāḥ |
tān annapānair abhitarpayāmaḥ
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyate ||

vayaṃ ca bhāryāṃ anatikramāmo
bhāryā pi asmān na atikramāti |
tato vayaṃ dharmacaryaṃ carāmaḥ
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyati ||

yo jāyate so bhavate suśīlo
susaṃyato suvrato ṛjubhūtaḥ |
adhyāpako bhoti samāptapādaḥ
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyati ||

mātā pitā bhaginī bhrātaro ca
ye cāpi jñātayo ananyapakṣikā |
carāma dharmaṃ paralokahetoḥ
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyati ||

mātā pitā bhaginī bhrātaro ca
ye ca kulapreṣyakarā bhavanti |
carāma dharmaṃ paralokadarśī
tasmā hi asmād daharo na mṛyyati ||

dharmo hi vai rakṣati dharmacāriṃ
chatraṃ mahantaṃ yatha varṣakāle |
eṣo nuśaṃso dharme sucīrṇe
na durgatiṃ gacchati dharmacārī ||

adharmacārī hi naro pramatto
yāṃ yāṃ gatiṃ gacchati adharmacārī |
so naṃ adharmo carito hanāti
sāmaṃ gṛhīto yatha kṛṣṇasarpo ||

na hi dharmo adharmo ca ubhau samavipākinau |
adharmo nirayaṃ neti dharmo prāpeti svargatiṃ ||

dharmo hi vai rakṣati dharmacāriṃ
chatraṃ mahantaṃ yatha varṣakāle |
dharmeṇa gupto mama dharmapālo
anyasya asthīni sukhī kumāro ||

so brāhmaṇo saparivāro bhojayitvā brahmāyunā brāhmaṇena visarjito so ca brāhmaṇo āśramaṃ gato dharmapālaṃ ca māṇavakaṃ tahiṃ āśrame paśyati | te dāni sarve vismitā suṣṭu purohitena jñātaṃ ||

bhagavān āha || syāt khalu punar bhikṣavaḥ yuṣmākam evam asyād anyaḥ sa tena kālena tena samayena brahmāyur nāma brāhmaṇo abhūṣi | na khalv eta devaṃ draṣṭavyaṃ | tat kasya hetoḥ | ahaṃ bhikṣavaḥ tena kālena tena samayena brahmāyur nāma brāhmaṇaḥ || syāt khalu punar bhikṣavo yuṣmākam evam asyād anyaḥ sa tena kālena tena samayena brahmāyusya brāhmaṇasya dharmapālo nāma putro abhūṣi | naitad evaṃ draṣṭavyaṃ | eṣa rāhulo tena kālena tena samayena brahmāyusya dharmapālo nāma putro abhuṣi | tadāpi eṣo mayā jñāto etarahiṃ pi mayā cirapranaṣṭā śākiyamuṣṭiḥ jñātā ||

iti śrīdharmapālasya jātakaṃ samāptaṃ ||