Mahāvastu

99. The Jātaka of Śarabhaṅga

hastināpure arjuno nāma rājā so sādhurūpāṃ viditvā praśnāṃ pṛcchati yo śakyo cittam ārādhayituṃ so svastinā jīvanto mucyati yo na śaknoti rājño arjunasya praśnavyākaraṇena cittam ārādhayituṃ so rājñā arjunena svayaṃ śaktinā hanyati || himavantapārśvāto gautamo nāma ṛṣi hastināpuram āgato paṃcābhijño caturdhyānalābhī maharddhiko mahānubhāvo kāmeṣu vītarāgo || so dāni ṛṣī rājñā arjunena praśnaṃ pṛcchito ṛṣiṇā taṃ praśnaṃ atra saviṣamaṃ vyākṛtaṃ rājā ca na vijānāti | tena so ṛṣi gautamo mahābhāgo svayaṃ śaktinā hato so pi rājā arjuno agninā dagdho śaktiśūle mahānarake upapanno ||

kaliṃgeṣu dantapuraṃ nāma nagaraṃ | tatra nārīkelo nāma rājā rājyaṃ kārayati duṣṭo vivarṇo raudro dāruṇo sāhasiko || so śramaṇabrāhmaṇā nimantrayitvā śunakhehi khādayati | tehi ca khādyaṃtehi hasati || so pi agninā dagdho mahānarake upapanno śyāmaśavalehi ahorātrāṇi khādyati ||

kaṃpille nagare brahmadatto nāma rājā rājyaṃ kārayati | tasya rājño brahmadattasya putraśataṃ kumārāṇāṃ purohitasyāpi yajñadatto nāma putro māṇavako purohitakumāro || dakṣiṇāpathāto iṣvastrācāryo śṛṇvati | kaṃpille nagare rājño brahmadattasya kumāraśato sti | tatra gacchāmi kaṃpillaṃ nagaraṃ taṃ kumāraśataṃ iṣvastrajñānaṃ śikṣāpayiṣyāmi tato me vṛttir bhaviṣyati || so dāni kaṃpillam āgato purohitasyāllīno purohitenāpi rājño brahmadattasya allāpito || brahmadatto tam āha || idaṃ mama kumāraśataṃ iṣvastrajñāne śikṣāpehi | ahaṃ te vipulaṃ vittaṃ dāsyāmi || so dāni iṣvastrācāryo iṣvastrajñānaṃ śikṣāpeti purohitaputro pi yajñadatto tatraiva iṣvastrajñānaṃ śikṣati tehi kumārehi sārdhaṃ || te dāni sarvāvantaṃ iṣvastrajñānaṃ śikṣitā sarveṣāṃ ca iṣvastrajñānena yajñadatto viśiṣyate || te dāni śikṣitā sarājikāye pariṣāye purato mahato janakāyasya darśanaṃ denti | kumāraśataṃ yajñadattasya iṣuṃ kṣipaṃti yajñadatto pi maṇḍalāgreṇa tāni iṣūṇi kumāraśatena kṣipiyaṃtāni asaṃprāptāni śarīre sarvāṇi cchindati || sarvā sā sarājikā pariṣā yajñadattasya vismitā | tasya dāni śarabhaṃga iti nāma nirvṛttaṃ abhūṣi ||

vārāṇasyā uttareṇa anuhimavante sāhaṃjanī āśramapadaṃ mūlopetaṃ patropetaṃ puṣpopetaṃ phalopetaṃ kodravaśyāmākabhaṃ­gaprāsādikaśākaśālūka­saṃ­pannaṃ anekehi vṛkṣasahasrehi puṣpaphalopetehi śobhitaṃ pānīyasaṃpannaṃ || tahiṃ kāśyapo nāma ṛṣiḥ prativasati paṃcaśataparivāro sarve paṃcābhijñā caturdhyānalābhino maharddhikā mahānubhāvā || śarabhaṃgo purohitaputro tahiṃ sāhaṃjanīm āśramapadaṃ gatvā kāśyapasya ṛṣisya sakāśe ṛṣipravrajyāṃ pravrajito || tenāpi pūrvarātrāpararātraṃ jāgarikāyogam anuyuktena viharantena yujyantena ghaṭantena vyāyamantena catvāri dhyānāni utpāditāni paṃca cābhijñā sākṣīkṛtā caturdhyānalābhī paṃcābhijño mahānubhāvo śarabhaṃgo ṛṣi saṃvṛtto sadevake loke abhijñāta­parij­ñātakau­māra­brahma­cārī ugratapasyāśrito mahānāgo || so dāni dakṣiṇāpathagato || asmakeṣu godāvarī nadī | tasyā kūle kapitthakaṃ nāma āśramaṃ sādhetvā prativasati ||

kāśyapasya ṛṣisya śiṣyo vatso nāma paṃcaśataparivāro anuhimavante gaṃgākūle āśrame prativasati sarve paṃcābhijñā caturdhyānalābhino kāmeṣu vītarāgā uṃchavṛttikā mahānubhāvā | tatra dāni vatsa-ṛṣisya vātavyādhi utpanno || so anuhimavante śītam asahanto dakṣiṇāpathaṃ gato govardhanaṃ nāma nagaraṃ || tatra dāni daṇḍakī nāma rājā rājyaṃ kārayati adhārmiko adharmarājā dṛṣṭivipanno viṣayalolaḥ mūḍho viparītadarśī amātṛjño apitṛjño aśrāmaṇyo abrāhmaṇyo dāruṇo niṣkṛpo sāhasiko || tena so vatso ṛṣi dṛṣṭvā pāṃśunā ākramāpito aheṭheko adūṣako anaparādhī || tasya dāni rājye vighuṣṭo nāmāgrāmātyo | tena so ṛṣī tato pāṃśurāśito śīghram eva jīvanto utkhanāpito praṇipatitvā ca anukṣamāpito | bhagavaṃ na me priyaṃ yaṃ rājñā sāhasaṃ kṛtaṃ | sādhu bhagavaṃ kṣāntum arhasi || ṛṣi āha || amātya gacchāhi ito rājyato śīghranti | ahaṃ saptamaṃ divasaṃ kālaṃ kariṣyāmi mayā kālagate iha rājye mahādāruṇabhayaṃ bhaviṣyati || so dāni amātyo vatsasya ṛṣisya śrutvā saputradāro saparivāro sarveṇa jñātigaṇena sārdhaṃ daṇḍakisya rājyato anyaṃ rājyaṃ saṃkramati || saptarātrasyātyayena vatso ṛṣi kālagato samanantarakālagatasya ṛṣisya bhūtānāṃ mahāsaṃkṣobhaṃ abhūṣi tehi sarājyaṃ rātrīye bhasmīkṛtaṃ nagaraṃ ||

gaṃgāya ca yamunāyā ca antarā kāśyapo ṛṣi yajñaṃ yajati | tatra aṣṭānavati tāpasasahasriyo saṃnipatitāvo paṃcābhijñā caturdhyānalābhino sarve maharddhikā mahānubhāvā ||

kaliṃgeṣu dantapuraṃ nāma nagaraṃ tatra uggato nāma rājā so teṣāṃ rājñāṃ dāruṇāṃ imāṃ mahābhayāṃ mahāvipattiṃ dṛṣṭvā saṃjayantīm adhyagāt* ṛṣayo darśanāya || saṃjayantīyaṃ bhīmaratho nāma rājā | so pi teṣāṃ rājñāṃ vipattiṃ dṛṣṭvā saṃvigno so taṃ kaliṃgarājaṃ pṛcchati | kahiṃ gamiṣyasi || so tam āha || gamiṣyāmi ṛṣayo darśanāya || hastināpure aṣṭamako nāma rājā rājyaṃ kārayati | so pi teṣāṃ caturṇāṃ rājñāṃ dāruṇāṃ vipattiṃ dṛṣṭvā trasto saṃvigno so pi prasthito ṛṣayo darśanāya || śakro pi devānām indro teṣāṃ caturṇāṃ adhārmikānāṃ adharmarājñāṃ duṣṭivipannānāṃ niṣkṛpānāṃ dāruṇānāṃ sāhasikānāṃ vipattiṃ dṛṣṭvā āgataḥ mahatā devatānubhāvena ṛṣayo darśanāya ||

paṃca śatāni himavantapārśve
mūlaphalāhārā ṛṣayaḥ paśyensuḥ |
uṃcharatā tāpasā śuddhalūkhā
susaṃyatā ugratapā udārā ||

eko atra āsī ṛṣi vatsagotro
vātehi ābādhehi kṛśo abhūṣi |
himavantapārśve asahanto śītaṃ
vanāto so osare rājadhānīṃ ||

tatra abhūd daṇḍakī nāma rājā
adharmacārī + + + niviṣṭo |
dṛṣṭiṃ grahetvā viparītasaṃkhyo
so taṃ ṛṣiṃ pāṃśunā ākrameti ||

tasyaiva rājño abhu agramātyo
nāmena vighuṣṭo abhūṣi rājye |
so taṃ ṛṣiṃ uddhariya avocat*
na me priyaṃ sādhu kṣamāhi brahme ||

vatso ṛṣī taṃ avaca amātyaṃ
gaccha ito mā te siyā anarthaḥ |
saptarātrīyena ito tyayena
mahad bhayaṃ bhaviṣyati ghorarūpaṃ ||

ṛṣisya ca kālagatasya tatra
bhūtānāṃ saṃkṣobho mahā abhūṣi |
tantasya rājyaṃ sadhanaṃ sarāṣṭraṃ
ekāya rātrīya karensu bhasmaṃ ||

athābravīc charabhaṃgo tapasvī
samāgatā ṛṣayo + + + |
na sādhurūpaṃ kṛtaṃ daṇḍakīnā
gacchāma vatsasya karoma pūjāṃ ||

athāṣṭamako bhīmaratho ca rājā
kaliṃgarājā atha udgato ca |
saṃvignā saṃhṛṣṭā idaṃ uvāca
gacchāmatha ṛṣayo darśanāya
pṛcchāmatha yena hi taṃ bhaveya ||

te dāni allīnā trayo narendrā
saṃtuṣṭā saṃvignā ṛṣīṇāṃ samīpaṃ |
alaṃkṛtā kuṇḍalino suvastrā
vaiḍūrya­muktās­tarakhaḍgapāṇī ||

ṛṣayo āhansuḥ ||

rājā ṛṣiṃ bhāṣatha ke va yūyaṃ
kathaṃ vo jānanti manuṣyaloke ||

rājāno āhansuḥ ||

aṣṭamako bhīmaratho ca rājā
kaliṃgarājā punar udgato yaṃ |
susaṃyatā ṛṣayo darśanāya
ihāgatā pṛcchatukāmā praśnāṃ ||

ṛṣayo śakraṃ antarīkṣagataṃ pṛcchanti ||

vaihāyasaṃ tiṣṭhasi antarīkṣe
obhāsayaṃ paṃcadaśīva candro |
pṛcchāma te deva mahānubhāva
kathaṃ ti jānanti manuṣyaloke ||

śakro āha ||

devā me jānanti śacīpatīti
maghavanti me āhu manuṣyaloke ||

|

so āgato deva mahānubhāva
susaṃyatāṃ ṛṣayo darśanāye ||

ṛṣayo āhansuḥ ||

puraṃdaro bhūtapatī punar yo
devānām indro tridaśānam īśvaro |
so āgato asuragaṇapramardako
okāśam ākāṃkṣati praśnaṃ praṣṭuṃ ||

dūrā śrutā mo ṛṣayo samāgatā
susaṃyatā vo ṛṣayo sma āgatā |
pādavandakā āryaprasannacittā
ayaṃ sarvaloke manuṣyaśreṣṭho ||

ṛṣi āhansuḥ ||

ṛṣīṇāṃ gandho cirabhāvitānāṃ
upavāyati erito mārutena |
ito apakramya niṣīda śakra
na eṣa gandho susaho devatehi ||

śakro āha ||

ṛṣīṇāṃ gandho cirabhāvitānāṃ
upavāyati erito mārutena |
śuciḥ sugandho cirabhāvitānāṃ
na eṣa gandho pratikūla mahyaṃ ||

ṛṣayo āhansuḥ ||

ayaṃ ṛṣiḥ sarabhaṃgo udāro
yato jāto virato maithunāto |
ācārya buddho suvinītarūpo
so viha praśnāni viyākarotu ||

[ṛṣayo āhaṃsuḥ || ]

vāśiṣṭha praśnāni viyākarohi
yācanti tvāṃ ṛṣayo sādhurūpā |
eṣo hi dharmo manujehi paṇḍite
yaṃ vṛkṣam ākāṃkṣati tasya bhāro ||

[śarabhaṃga āha || ]

yat kiṃci praśnaṃ manasābhikāṃkṣatha
kṛtāvakāśāni vadetha yūyaṃ |
ahaṃ vo praśnāni viyākariṣyaṃ
dṛṣṭaṃ hi me tatvam idaṃ paraṃ ca ||

rājā dāni pṛcchati ||

yathā abhūd daṇḍaki nālikero
arjuno ca kalabho ca rājā |
teṣāṃ gatiṃ brūhi supāpakarmaṇāṃ
kutropapannā ṛṣayo viheṭhiya ||

śarabhaṃgo āha ||

yathā abhūd daṇḍaki nālikero
arjuno ca kalabho ca rājā |
teṣāṃ gatiṃ budhya supāpakarmaṇāṃ

yatropapannā ṛṣīṇāṃ vaheṭhakā ||

ṛṣī pāṃśunākrami yena daṇḍakī
ucchinnamūlo sadhano sarāṣṭro |
kukkulaṃ nāma narakaṃ prapanno
sphuliṃgajālā va tato samucchrayāḥ ||

arjuno narakaṃ śaktiśūlaṃ
adhośiro ūrdhapādo prapanno |
āṃgīrasaṃ gautamaṃ heṭhayitvā
ṛṣiṃ tapasviṃ cirabrahmacāriṃ ||

yo saṃyatāṃ pravrajitāṃ vihiṃse
annena pānena nimantrayitvā |
taṃ nālikeraṃ śunakhā paratra
prasahya khādanti viceṣṭamānaṃ ||

yo khaṇḍaso pravrajitaṃ praghātayed*
ṛṣiṃ kṣāntīvādiṃ śramanaṃ adūṣakaṃ |
kalabho avīciṃ narakaṃ prapanno
mahābhitāpaṃ kaṭukaṃ bhayānakaṃ ||

etādṛśāni narakāni śrutvā
dṛṣṭvā ca rāṣṭrāṇi samūhatāni |
dharmaṃ care śramaṇabrāhmaṇeṣu
evaṃkaro svargam upeya sthānaṃ ||

rājāno āhansuḥ ||

yan te apṛcche ham abhibhavesi
anyan te pṛcchāmi tad iha brūhi |
kiṃ so vadhitvā na kadāci socati
kasya prahāṇiṃ ṛṣayo varṇayanti ||

śarabhaṃgo āha ||

krodhaṃ vadhitvā na kadāci socati
īrṣyāprahāṇiṃ ṛṣayo varṇayanti |
sarvasya uktaṃ paruṣaṃ kṣameyā
etaṃ balaṃ durjayam āhu santo ||

rājāno āhansuḥ ||

śakyaṃ hi dvinnāṃ vacanaṃ kṣametuṃ
śreṣṭhasya vā atha vā sadṛśasya |
kathaṃ hi hīnasya vacaṃ kṣameyā
ākhyāhi me kauṇḍinya etam arthaṃ ||

sarabhago āha ||

bhayā hi śreṣṭhasya vacaḥ kṣamenti
saṃraṃbhahetoḥ pana sadṛśasya |
yo ceha hīnasya vacaṃ kṣameyā
etad balaṃ uttamam āhu santo ||

kathaṃ jānetha catuchannarūpaṃ
sadṛśaṃ ca śreṣṭhaṃ atha vā ca hīnaṃ |
virūparūpeṇa caranti santo
tasmād dhi sarvasya vacaṃ kṣameyā ||

na etam arthaṃ mahatī pi senā
sarājikā yudhyamānī kareyā |
yaṃ kṣāntimāṃ satpuruṣo karoti
kṣāntīmatā vopasamanti vīrāḥ ||

rājāno āhansuḥ ||

subhāṣitan te anumodayāmo
anyan te pṛcchāmi tad iha brūhi |
katividhaṃ śīlavantaṃ vadesi
katividhaṃ prajñāvantaṃ vadesi |
katividhaṃ satpuruṣaṃ vadesi
katividhaṃ ca śiri na jahāti ||

sarabhaṃgo āha ||

kāyena vācāya susaṃvṛto yaḥ
manasā ca no kiṃci karoti pāpaṃ |
na cāpi loke ahitaṃ karoti
tathāvidhaṃ śīlavantaṃ vadāmi ||

sarvāṇi arthāni punar vinaśyanti
kālāgataṃ ca na prayāti arthaṃ |
na cātmaheto . . vidhaṃ careyā
tathāvidhaṃ prajñāvantaṃ vademi ||

yo ve kṛtajño kṛtavedi poso
kalyāṇamitro dṛḍhabhaktirūpo |
vyasanasmiṃ satkṛtya karoti kāryaṃ
tathāvidhaṃ satpuruṣaṃ vademi ||

etehi dharmehi trihi yo upeto
saṃmodako sakhilo ślakṣṇavāco |
sagāravo sapratīśo hirīmāṃ
tathāvidhaṃ va śiri na jahāti ||

rājāno āhansuḥ ||

subhāṣitan te anumodayāma
anyan te pṛcchāmi tad iha brūhi |
śīlaprajñāśirikṛtajñatānāṃ
kiṃ va nu śreṣṭhaṃ kuśalā vadanti ||

sarabhaṃgo āha ||

prajñāṃ khu śreṣṭhāṃ kuśalā vadanti
nakṣatrarājā iva tārakānāṃ |
śīlaṃ śiri caiva kṛtajñatā ca
prajñopakā tu pravarā bhavanti ||

rājāno āhansuḥ ||

subhāṣitan te anumodayāmaḥ
anyan te pṛcchāmi tad iha brūhi ||

kim ācaranto kim āsevamāno
kathaṃkaro prajñāvāṃ bhoti manye ||

sarabhaṃgo āha ||

sevanto vṛddhā nipuṇo bahuśruto
ogrāhako ca paripṛcchamāno |
śruṇanto satkṛtya subhāṣitāni
evaṃkaro prajñāvāṃ bhoti manye ||

so prajñānāṃ kāmaguṇaṃ vipaśyati
duḥkhaṃ anityaṃ vipariṇāmadharmaṃ |
evaṃ vipaśyaṃ prajahāti cchandaṃ
mahadbhayeṣu vadhakopameṣu ||

so vītarāgo suvinītadoṣo
maitrābhāvanāṃ bhāvaye apramatto |
maitreṇa cittena hitānukampī
evaṃkaro svargam upeti sthānaṃ ||

su­bhāṣitārthaṃ idam evarūpā
gāthā imā satpuruṣeṇa bhāṣitā |
yo pi imāṃ samma samācareyā
adarśanaṃ mṛtyurājasya gacche ||

subhāṣitan taṃ anumodamānā
brahmā ca indro tridaśā ca devās* |
te vegajātā muditā kṛtāṃjalī
gacchensu tad devapuraṃ yaśasvino ||

mahārthiyaṃ āgamanaṃ abhūṣi
aṣṭamakasya bhīmarathasya caiva |
kaliṃgarājasya ca udgatasya
sarveṣāṃ vā kāmarāgo prahīṇo ||

rājāno āhansuḥ ||

evaṃ hi etaṃ paracittavedi
sarveṣāṃ no kāmarāgo prahīṇo |
karohi okāśam anugrahāye
yathā gantin te abhisaṃbhuṇema ||

sarabhaṃgo āha ||

karomi okāśam anugrahāye
sarveṣāṃ vo kāmarāgo prahīṇo |
pharetha kāyaṃ vipulāya prītaye
yathā gatiṃ me abhisaṃbhuṇetha ||

rājāno āhansuḥ ||

sarvaṃ kariṣyāma tavedaṃ vākyaṃ
yaṃ yaṃ ca mo vakṣyasi bhūriprajña |
pharema kāyaṃ vipulāya prītiyā
yathā gatin te abhisaṃbhuṇema ||

kṛtā ca vatsasya ṛṣisya pūjā
gacchantu te ṛṣayo sādhurūpā |
dhyāne ratā āśrame āvasetha
etaṃ dhanaṃ pravrajitasya śreṣṭhaṃ ||

pūrvenivāsaṃ bhagavāṃ pūrvejātim anusmaran* |
jātakam idam ākhyāsi śāstā bhikṣūṇam antike ||

te ca skandhās te ca dhātavo tāni āyatanāni ca |
ātmānam adhikṛtya bhagavān etam arthaṃ viyākaret* ||

anavarāgrasmiṃ saṃsāre yatra me uṣitaṃ purā |
anāthapiṇḍiko śakro devarājā śacīpatiḥ |
kaliṃgarājā ānando śāriputro ca aṣṭako ||

atha bhīmaratho rājā maudgalyāyano maharddhiko |
sarabhaṃgo ahaṃ abhūṣi evaṃ dhāretha jātakaṃ ||

tadāpi mayā sadevamānuṣāye pariṣāye dharmaṃ deśitaṃ etarahiṃ pi mayā sadevamānuṣāye pariṣāye dharmaṃ deśitaṃ ||

sarabhaṃ­jātakaṃ samāptaṃ ||