Sanskrit Mūlasarvāstivāda Vinaya

Khandhaka

Karmavastu

karma­vastuni uddānam ||
kāśiṣu vāsavagrāmakaṃ senāñjayavastukam |
caṇpāyāṃ bhagavān buddhaḥ akarmāṇi pratikṣipet ||

kāśiṣu vāsavagrāmake senāṃjayo nāma bhikṣuḥ prativasati | tam āgamya vāsavagrāmakā brāhmaṇagṛhapatayo buddhadharmasaṃgheṣu kārān kurvanti | ye āgantukā bhikṣavo vāsavagrāmakam āgacchanti tān asau pratiśāmya sarvopakaraṇaiḥ pravārayitvā mārgaśrame prativinodite yeṣu kuleṣu piṇḍakā upanibaddhās teṣu bhoktuṃ preṣayati | yāvad anyatamaḥ sālohito vāsavagrāmake varṣā uṣitaḥ | trayāṇāṃ vārṣikāṇāṃ māsānām atyayāt kṛtacīvaro niṣṭhitacīvaraḥ samādāya pātracīvaraṃ yena śrāvastī tena cārikāṃ prakrānto 'nupūrveṇa cārikāṃ caran śrāvastīṃ anuprāptaḥ |

ācaritaṃ ṣaḍvargikāṇām aśūnyaṃ jetavanadvāram anyatarānyatareṇa ṣaḍvargikeṇa | upanando jetavanadvāre tiṣṭhati | tenāsau dūrata eva dṛṣṭo bakākāraśirāḥ pralambabhrūḥ | sa saṃlakṣayati | ko 'py ayaṃ sthaviro bhikṣur āgacchati | pratyudgantavyam iti | sa pratyudgataḥ | svāgataṃ svāgataṃ sthavira iti | sa kathayati | vande ācārya iti | sa saṃlakṣayati | mahallo batāyam | nāyam ācāryaṃ jānīte nāpy upādhyāyam iti | sālohita kiyad dūrād āgacchasi | vāsavagrāmakāt | kiṃ tatra | vihāraḥ | kim asau vihāraḥ | āhosvid vighātaḥ | kīdṛśo vihāraḥ | kīdṛśo vighātaḥ | yatropakaraṇasaṃpat sa vihāraḥ | yatropakaraṇavaikalyaṃ sa vighātaḥ | yady evaṃ vihāro 'sau yatra senāṃjayo nāma bhikṣuḥ prativasati | tam āgamya vāsavagrāmīyakā brāhmaṇagṛhapatayo buddhadharmasaṃgheṣu kārān kurvanti | itaś ca tatrāgantuko bhikṣur āgacchati | tam asau pratiśāmya sarvopakaraṇaiḥ pravārayitvā mārgaśrame prativinodite yeṣu kuleṣu bhikṣūṇāṃ piṇḍakā upanibaddhās teṣu bhoktuṃ preṣayati |

ācaritaṃ ṣaḍvargikāṇāṃ yat kiṃcid eva śṛṇvanti tad rātrau saṃnipatya parasparam ārocayanti | nandopananda kiyac ciram asmābhiḥ kṛcchram udvoḍhavyam | asti kiṃcid yuṣmākaṃ kiṃcic chrutaṃ yatrodārāvabhāso bhaved iti | upanandaḥ kathayati | asti | kāśiṣu vāsavagrāmake senāṃjayo nāma bhikṣuḥ prativasati | tam āgamya vāsavagrāmīyakā brāhmaṇagṛhapatayaḥ pūrvavad yāvad bhoktuṃ preṣayati | yady abhipretaṃ tatra gacchāmaḥ | te samādāya pātracīvaraṃ yena vāsavagrāmakas tena cārikāṃ prakrāntāḥ | anupūrveṇa cārikāṃ caranto vāsavagrāmakam anuprāptāḥ | te senāṃjayena dūrata eva dṛṣṭāḥ | sa saṃlakṣayati | āgatā hy ete duṣṭhulasamudācārāḥ | pratiśāmayitvā sarvopakaraṇaiḥ pravārayitavyāḥ | no tu kulāni bhoktuṃ preṣayitavyā iti | te anena pratiśāmayitvā sarvopakaraṇaiḥ pravāritāḥ | no tu kulāni bhoktuṃ preṣitāḥ | teṣām eke kathayanti | nandopananda vayam anena mahallena sarvopakaraṇaiḥ pravāritāḥ | no tu kulāni bhoktuṃ preṣitā iti | apare kathayanti | ekaṃ tāvat saṃpannaṃ kulāny api preṣayiṣyatīti | yāvan navako bhikṣur āgataḥ | sa tena pratiśāmayitvā sarvopakaraṇaiḥ pravārito mārgaśrame prativinodite kulāni bhoktuṃ preṣitaḥ | ṣaḍvargikāḥ prakupitāḥ kathayanti | nandopananda kīdṛśo 'yaṃ mahallaḥ chandadveṣī | yadi tāvat pūrvam āgatās te vayam | yadi vṛddhās te vayam | atha bahuśrutās te vayam | eṣa bhikṣur acireṇābhyāgato navakaḥ prakṛtijñaḥ | so 'nena sarvopakaraṇaiḥ pravārayitvā kulāni bhoktuṃ preṣito no tu vayam | sa tair upālabdhaḥ | mahalla īdṛśas tvaṃ chandadveṣī | yadi tāvat pūrvam āgatās te vayaṃ pūrvavad yāvat | sa tvayā sarvopakaraṇaiḥ pravārayitvā kulāni bhoktuṃ preṣito no tu vayam | sthavirā kiṃcit parihīyate | ṣaḍvargikāḥ saṃjātāmarṣāḥ kathayanti | na tūṣṇīṃ sthātavyam | tad aparaṃ prativadati | sa tair abhyāhataḥ | tūṣṇīm avasthitaḥ | tais tasyācodayitvāsmārayitvā vastukarmapratijñāyā balād utkṣepaṇīyaṃ karmaṃ kṛtam | sa saṃlakṣayati | duḥkhaṃ brāhmaṇagṛhapatayaḥ prasādyante sukham aprasādyante | yadi sthāsyāmi vāsavagrāmīyakā brāhmaṇagṛhapatayaḥ prasādaṃ pravedayiṣyante | sarvadā prakramitavyam iti | sa samādāya pātracīvaraṃ yena śrāvastī yena cārikāṃ prakrānto 'nupūrveṇa cārikāṃ caran śrāvastīm anuprāptaḥ | sa bhikṣubhir dṛṣṭa uktaś ca | svāgataṃ svāgatam āyuṣman | senāñjayin prītā vayaṃ tvaddarśanena no tv āgamanena | kiṃ kāraṇam | tvām āgamya vāsavagrāmīyakā brāhmaṇagṛhapatayo buddhadharmasaṃgheṣu kārān kurvanti | āgantukānāṃ gamikānāṃ ca vāsavagrāmakaṃ pratiśaraṇam | asty etad evam | mama tu ṣaḍvargikair acodayitvāsmārayitvā vastukarmapratijñāyā balād utkṣepaṇīyaṃ karma kṛtam | kiṃ kāraṇam | tena yathāvṛttam ākhyātam | te 'vadhyāyantaḥ kṣipanto vivācayanta etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | tasmāt tarhi bhikṣavo vyagreṇa na bhikṣubhir acodayitvāsmārayitvā vastukarmapratijñayā balād utkṣepaṇīyaṃ karma kartavyam | kurvanti | sātisārā bhavanti |

buddho bhagavān caṇpāyāṃ viharati gargāyāḥ puṣkariṇyās tīre | tena khalu samayena ṣaḍvargikā bhikṣava imāny evaṃrūpāṇy adharmakarmāṇi kurvanti | tadyathā adharmeṇa kurvanti vyagrāḥ | adharmeṇa kurvanti samagrāḥ | etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | tasmān na bhikṣubhir imāny evaṃrūpāṇy adharmakarmāṇi karaṇīyāni | tadyathā adharmeṇa vyagrair adharmeṇa samagraiḥ dharmeṇa vyagraiḥ | kurvanti | sātisārā bhavanti |

uddānam |
na eka ekena na dvau na saṃbahulāḥ kṛtāḥ |
na gaṇo gaṇasya karmāṇi paṃca saṃghakarmaṇāṃ svāminaḥ ||

buddho bhagavān caṇpāyāṃ viharati gargāyāḥ puṣkariṇyās tīre | tena khalu samayena ṣaḍvargikā bhikṣava imāny evaṃrūpāṇy adharmakarmāṇi kurvanti | tadyathā eko 'py ekasya | eko dvayoḥ | ekaḥ saṃbahulānām | dvāv api dvayoḥ | dvāv ekasya | dvau saṃbahulānām | saṃbahulā api saṃbahulānām | saṃbahulā ekasya | saṃbahulā dvayoḥ | gaṇo gaṇasya | etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | tasmān naikenaikasya karma kartavyam | naikena dvayoḥ | naikena saṃbahulānām | na dvābhyāṃ dvayoḥ | na dvābhyām ekasya | na dvābhyāṃ saṃbahulānām | na saṃbahulaiḥ saṃbahulānām | na saṃbahulair ekasya | na saṃbahulair dvayoḥ | na gaṇena gaṇasya | kurvanti | sātisāra bhavanti |

api tu bhikṣavaḥ paṃca saṃghakarmaṇāṃ svāminaḥ | katame paṃca | catvāro bhikṣavaḥ saṃghaḥ | pāṃcāpi bhikṣavaḥ saṃghaḥ | daśa bhikṣavaḥ saṃ­ghaḥ | viṃśatir bhikṣavaḥ saṃghaḥ uttare ca | paṃca saṃghāḥ |

tatra bhikṣavo yatra catvāro bhikṣavaḥ prativasanti | arhati tatra saṃgho dharmeṇa sarvakarmāṇi kartum | sthāpayitvā pāṃcānāṃ pravāraṇāṃ daśānām upasaṃpadaṃ viṃśatīnāṃ cāvarhaṇam |

yatra paṃca prativasanti | arhati tatra saṃgho dharmeṇa sarvakarmāṇi kartum | sthāpayitvā daśānām upasaṃpadaṃ viṃśatīnāṃ cāvarhaṇam |

yatra daśa prativasanti | arhati tatra saṃghaḥ sarvakarmāṇi kartum | sthāpayitvā viṃśatīnāṃ āvarhaṇam |

yatra viṃśatir bhikṣavaḥ prativasanti uttare ca | arhati tatra saṃgho dharmeṇa sarvakarmāṇi kartum |

uddānam |
caturvargakaraṇīyaṃ pudgala ūnakaḥ kṛtaḥ |
na pārivāsikacaturthena karmacatuṣṭayaṃ smṛtam ||

caturvargakaraṇīyaṃ bhikṣavaḥ karma ūnāś catvāraḥ kurvanti | adharmakarma ca tad avinayakarma ca | na tat tathā karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena sātisāraḥ | caturvargakaraṇīyaṃ karma āgārikacaturthāḥ kurvanti | adharmakarma ca tad avinayakarma ca | na ca tat tathā karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena sātisāraḥ | evaṃ śrāmaṇerakaḥ ṣaṇḍhapaṇḍakaḥ bhikṣuṇīdūṣako mātṛghātakaḥ pitṛghātakaḥ arhaghātakaḥ saṃghabhedakaḥ tathāgatasyāntike duṣṭacittarudhirotpādakas tīrthikas tīrthakāvakrāntikaḥ steyāsaṃvāsiko nānāsaṃvasiko 'saṃvāsikaḥ pārivāsikacaturthāḥ karma kurvanti | adharmakarma ca tad avinayakarma ca | na ca tat tathā karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena sātisāraḥ |

caturvargakaraṇīyaṃ karma pūrṇāś catvāro dharmeṇa kurvanti dharmakarma ca tad vinayakarma ca | evaṃ ca tat karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena na sātisāraḥ | caturvargakaraṇīyaṃ karma nāgārikacaturtho na śrāmaṇerakaḥ pūrvavad yāvan na pārivāsikacaturthāḥ kurvanti | dharmakarma ca tad vinayakarma ca | evaṃ ca tat karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena na sātisāraḥ |

paṃcavargakaraṇīyaṃ karma ūnāḥ paṃca kurvanti | adharmakarma ca tad avinaya­karma ca | na tathā karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena sātisāraḥ | paṃcavargakaraṇīyaṃ karma āgārikapaṃcamaḥ pūrvavad yāvat pārivāsikapaṃcamāḥ kurvanti | adharmakarma ca tad avinayakarma ca | na ca tat tathā karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena sātisāraḥ |

paṃcavargakaraṇīyaṃ karma pūrṇāḥ paṃcavargeṇa kurvanti | dharmakarma ca tad vinayakarma ca | evaṃ tat karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena na sātisāraḥ | paṃcavargakaraṇīyaṃ karma nāgārikapaṃcamā na śrāmaṇerakaḥ pūrvavad yāvan na pārivāsikapaṃcamā dharmeṇa kurvanti | dharma­karma ca tad vinayakarma ca | evaṃ ca tat karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena na sātisāraḥ |

daśavargakaraṇīyaṃ karma ūnā daśavargeṇa kurvanti | adharmakarma ca tad avinayakarma ca | na ca tat tathā karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena sātisāraḥ | daśavargakaraṇīyaṃ karma āgārikadaśamāḥ pūrvavad yāvat pārivāsikadaśamā kurvanti | adharmakarma ca tad avinayakarma ca | na ca tat tathā karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena sātisāraḥ |

daśavargakaraṇīyaṃ karma pūrṇā daśavargeṇa kurvanti | dharmakarma ca tad vinayakarma ca | evaṃ ca tat karma karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena na sātisāraḥ | daśavargakaraṇīyaṃ karma nāgārikadaśamāḥ pūrvavad yāvan na pārivāsikadaśamā dharmeṇa kurvanti | dharmakarma ca tad vinayakarma ca | evaṃ ca karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena na sātisāraḥ |

viṃśativargakaraṇīyaṃ karma ūnā viṃśativargeṇa kurvanti | adharmakarma ca tad avinayakarma ca | saṃghaś ca tena sātisāraḥ | viṃśativargakaraṇīyaṃ karma āgārikaviṃśatimāḥ śrāmaṇerakāḥ pūrvavat pārivāsikaviṃśatimāḥ kurvanti | adharmakarma ca tad avinayakarma ca | na ca tat tathā karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena sātisāraḥ |

viṃśativargakaraṇīyaṃ karma pūrṇā viṃśatidharmeṇa kurvanti | dharmakarma ca tad vinayakarma ca | evaṃ ca tat karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena na sātisāraḥ | viṃśativargakaraṇīyaṃ karma nāgārikaviṃśatimā na śrāmaṇerakāḥ pūrvavad yāvan na pārivāsikaviṃśatimā dharmeṇa kurvanti | dharmakarma tad vinayakarma ca | evaṃ ca tat karaṇīyam | saṃghaś ca tena na sātisāraḥ |

uddānam |
dharmādharmeṇa yat karma yac ca jñaptitayā kṛtam |
saṃmukhaṃ ca pratijñā ca cakrapeyāla saṅkalāt ||

adharmakarma | dharmakarma | adharmakarma katamat | aprāpte utsāraṇe aprāptam utsārayanti | yathās­yotsāryamāṇasyānuśrāvaṇaṃ bhavati | na tathotsārayanti | adharmakarma | dharmakarma katamat | prāpte utsāraṇe prāptam utsārayanti | yathās­yotsāryamāṇasyānuśrāvaṇaṃ bhavati | tathotsārayanti | dharmakarma | aprāpte osāraṇe aprāptam osārayanti | yathāsya osāryamāṇasyānuśrāvaṇaṃ bhavati | na tathā osārayanti | adharmakarma | prāpte osāraṇe prāptam osārayanti | yathāsya osāryamāṇasyānuśrāvaṇaṃ bhavati | tathosārayanti | dharmakarma | jñaptikarma jñaptim akṛtvā kurvanti | adharmakarma | jñaptikarma jñaptiṃ kṛtvā kurvanti | dharma­karma | jñaptidvitīyaṃ karma | jñaptim akṛtvā ekaṃ vāram anuśrāvayanti | adharmakarma | jñaptidvitīyaṃ karma | jñaptiṃ kṛtvā ekaṃ vāram anuśrāvayanti | dharmakarma | jñapticaturthaṃ karma | jñaptim akṛtvā trīn vāram anuśrāvayanti | adharmakarma | jñapticaturthaṇ karma | jñaptiṃ kṛtvā trīn vārān anuśrāvayanti | dharmakarma | anyena karmaṇā jñaptiṃ kṛtvā niṣṭhāpayanti 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eva dadāti na tatsvabhāvaiṣīyaṃ na yāvat saṃmukhavinayam | dharmakarma | amūḍhavinayārhāya tats­va­bhāva­iṣīyaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma | evaṃ yadbhūyaiṣīyaṃ yāvat saṃmukhavinayaṃ smṛtivinayaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma | amūḍhavinayārhāya tv amūḍhavinayam eva dadāti tatsvabhāvaiṣīyaṃ na yāvat saṃmukhavinayaṃ smṛtivinayaṃ | dharmakarma | tatsvabhāvaiṣīyārhāya yadbhūyaiṣīyaṃ dadāti adharmakarma | tarjanīyārhāya pūrvavad yāvad amūḍhavinayaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma | tatsvabhāvaiṣiyārhāya tu tatsvabhāvaiṣīyam eva dadāti na yadbhūyaiṣīyaṃ na yāvad amūḍhavinayam | dharmakarma | yadbhūyaiṣīyārhāya tarjanīyaṃ karma kurvanti | adharmakarma | nigarhaṇīyārhāya pūrvavad yāvat tatsvabhāvaiṣīyam dadāti | adharmakarma | yadbhūyaiṣīyārhāya yadbhūyaiṣīyam eva dadāti na tarjanīyaṃ na yāvat tatsvabhāvaiṣīyam | dharmakarma | tarjanīyakarmārhāya nigarhaṇīyaṃ karma kurvanti pratisaṃharaṇīyaṃ pūrvavad yāvad yadbhūyaiṣīyaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma | tarjanīyakarmārhāya tu tarjanīyam eva karma kurvanti na pariśiṣṭānīti | anayā vartanyā cakrapeyālaḥ pūrvavad yāvad dharmakarma | nigarhaṇīyārhāya pratisaṃharaṇīyaṃ karma kurvanti | adharmakarma | pūrvavat | nigarhaṇīyakarmārhāya tu nigarhaṇīyakarmaiva kurvanti | dharmakarma pūrvavat | pravāsanīyakarmārhāya pratisaṃharaṇīyaṃ karma kurvanti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | pravāsanīyakarmārhāya tu pravāsanīyam eva karma kurvanti | dharmakarma pūrvavat | prati­saṃ­haraṇīya­karmārhāyādarśanīyot­kṣepaṇīyaṃ karma kurvanti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | prati­saṃ­haraṇīya­karmārhāya tu pratisaṃharaṇīyam eva karma kurvanti | dharmakarma pūrvavat | adarśanīyot­kṣepaṇīya­karmārhāyāprati­karmārhāyot­kṣepaṇīyaṃ karma kurvanti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | adarśanīyot­kṣepaṇīya­karmārhāya tv adarśanīyotkṣepaṇīyam eva karma kurvanti | dharma­karma | pūrvavat | aprati­karmārhāyot­kṣepaṇīya­karmārhāya parivāsaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | apratinisṛṣṭe pāpake dṛṣṭigate utkṣepaṇīyaṃ karma kurvanti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | aprati­karmārhāyot­kṣepaṇīya­karmārhāya tv aprati­karmārhāyot­kṣepaṇīyam eva karma kurvanti | dharmakarma pūrvavat | apratinisṛṣṭe pāpake dṛṣṭigate utkṣepaṇīykarmārhāya parivāsaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | apratinisṛṣṭe pāpake dṛṣṭigate utkṣepaṇīykarmārhāya tv apratinisṛṣṭe pāpake dṛṣṭigate utkṣepaṇīyaṃ karmaiva kurvanti | dharmakarma pūrvavat | parivāsakarmārhāya mūlaparivāsaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | parivāsakarmārhāya tv aparivāsam eva tu dadāti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | mūlaparivāsārhāya mūlaparivāsaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | mūlaparivāsārhāya tu mūlaparivāsam eva dadāti | dharmakarma pūrvavat | aparyuṣitaparivāsāya mānāpyaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | aparyuṣitaparivāsāya mānāpyaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | paryuṣitaparivāsāya tu mānāpyaṃ dadāti | dharmakarma pūrvavat | acaritamānāpyam āvarhanti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | caritamānāpyam āvarhanti | dharmakarma pūrvavat | āvarhaṇārhāya saṃmukhavinayaṃ dadāti | pūrvavad yāvan mānāpyaṃ dadāti | adharmakarma pūrvavat | āvarhaṇārhāya tv āvarhaṇam eva kurvanti na saṃmukhavinayaṃ dadāti na yāvan mānāpyam | dharmakarma pūrvavat | evam eva navakena cakrapeyālaṃ vistareṇa boddhavyam |

uddānam |
vyagraḥ samagrā rohanti dharmādharmeṇa votkṣipet |
osāraṇayā etāni karma vastusamudditam ||

vyagra­karma | samagrakarma | vyagrakarma katamat | yāvanto bhikṣavaḥ sīmāprāptāḥ kriyāprāptās te sarve samavahitāḥ saṃmukhībhūtāś chandārhebhyaś ca cchandenānītā bhavanti | samavahitāś ca bhikṣavaḥ saṃmukhībhūtāḥ prativahanti pratikrośanti | yeṣāṃ prativahatāṃ pratikrośatāṃ pratikrośo rohati | karmāṇi ca kurvanti | idam ucyate vyagrakarma | samagrakarma katamat | yāvanto bhikṣavaḥ sīmāprāptāḥ kriyāprāptās te sarve samavahitāḥ saṃmukhībhūtāś chandārhebhyaś ca cchandenānītā bhavanti | samavahitāś ca bhikṣavaḥ saṃmukhībhūtā na prativahanti na pratikrośanti | yeṣāṃ prativahatāṃ pratikrośatāṃ pratikrośo rohati | karmāṇi ca kurvanti | idam ucyate samagrakarma |

āyuṣmān upālī buddhaṃ bhagavantaṃ pṛcchati | katīnāṃ bhadanta pratikrośo na rohati | daśānām upālin | alajjinaḥ sāntarasya bālasya mūḍhasyāvyaktasyākuśalasya bahiḥsīmāyāṃ sthitasya īryāpathe cyutasya vācā asaṃvṛtasya | katīnāṃ bhadanta pratikrośo rohati | caturṇām upālin | prakṛtisthitasya antaḥsīmāyāṃ sthitasya īryāpathād acyutasya vā vācā saṃyatasyeti | āyuṣmān upālī buddhaṃ bhagavantaṃ pṛcchati | kati bhadanta utkṣepaṇīyakarmāṇi | catvāry upālin | adharmeṇotkṣipanti vyagrā adharmeṇa samagrāḥ | dharmeṇa vyagrāḥ | dharmeṇa samagrāḥ | tatraikam utkṣepaṇakarma | yad idaṃ dharmeṇotkṣipanti samagrāḥ | kati bhadanta osāraṇakarmāṇi | catvāry upālin | adharmeṇosārayanti vyagrāḥ | adharmeṇa samagrāḥ | dharmeṇa vyagrāḥ | dharmeṇa samagrāḥ | tatraikam osāraṇakarma yad idaṃ dharmeṇa kurvanti samagrāḥ |

karma­vastu samāptam ||