Sanskrit Mūlasarvāstivāda Vinaya

Khandhaka

Pudgalavastu

vastutrayasya piṇḍoddānam |

abhivādanaṃ ca ṣaṣṭiś ca aśuddhaś codanāhi ca |
adhārmikaś ca śākyaś ca glānakaḥ kalahena ca ||

Pārivāsikavastu

pārivāsikavastūddānam |

abhivādanaṃ caṃkramaṇamāsanāni kulāni ca |
ekacchadane na saṃvasen na pravrājayed api |
na gacched api abhikṣukam āvāsam adhodeśañ ca sarvalābhikam ||

buddho bhagavān śrāvastyāṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍadasyārāme | asati vairāgye bhikṣavaḥ saṃghāvaśeṣām āpattim āpadyante | te vipratisārajātāḥ saṃlakṣayanti | katham idānīṃ vayaṃ sāpattikāḥ santaḥ sakaukṛtyāḥ savilolāḥ sakaraṇīyāḥ khaṇḍakāriṇaḥ śavalakāriṇaḥ kalmaṣakāriṇaḥ āpattimūlād avyutthitāḥ prakṛtisthakānāṃ bhikṣūṇām antikād abhivādanavandanapratyutthānāṃ­jalisāmīcī­karma svīkariṣyāmaḥ | śrāddhānāṃ ca brāhmaṇagṛhapatīnāṃ sakāśād agrāsanam agrodakam agrapiṇḍapātaṃ paribhokṣyāmaḥ | alpakālikasya ca sukhasyārthāya bahukālikaṃ duḥkham āviśāmo narakatīryakpretebhyaḥ paribhramantaḥ | yan nu vayaṃ śikṣāṃ pratyākhyāya hānāyāvartāmaha iti te śikṣāṃ pratyākhyāya hānāyāvartante | pravrajyābhilaṣitaṃ ca janaṃ vipralambhayanti | bhavanto duścaraṃ brahmacaryam alaṃ pravrajyayeti | teṣām apravrajitām apravrājayatāṃ cālpībhūtā bhikṣavaḥ | kṣayam āpannaś chidrībhūtas tanubhūto bhikṣusaṃghaḥ | jānakāḥ pṛcchakā buddhā bhagavantaḥ pṛcchanti | buddho bhagavān āyuṣmantam ānanadam | ka ānanda hetuḥ kaḥ pratyayaḥ yenetarhy alpībhūtā bhikṣavaḥ | kṣayam āpannaś chidrībhūtas tanubhūto bhikṣusaṃgha iti | sa etat prakaraṇaṃ bhagavato vistareṇārocayati |

atha bhagavata etad abhavat | yanv ahaṃ saṃghāvaśeṣām āpattim āpannānāṃ bhikṣūṇāṃ hastoddhāram anupradadyām anugraham aneneti viditvā bhikṣusaṃ­ghaṃ saṃnipātya purastād bhikṣusaṃghasya prajñapta evāsane niṣaṇṇaḥ | niṣadya bhagavān bhikṣūn āmantrayate sma | śrutaṃ mayā bhikṣavaḥ saṃghāvaśeṣām āpattim āpannā vipratisārajātāḥ śikṣāṃ pratyākhyāya hānāyāvṛttā iti | tasmād yuṣmābhiḥ śāsanasthitaye teṣāṃ cānukampayā saṃghāvaśeṣām āpattim āpannānāṃ bhikṣūṇāṃ parivāso deyo mūlāpakarṣo mānāpyaṃ mūlamānāpyaṃ mūlāpakarṣamānāpyam āvarhitavyaś ca |

evaṃ ca punar deyaḥ | śayanāsanaprajñaptiṃ kṛtvā gaṇḍīm ākoṭya pṛṣṭavācikayā bhikṣūn samanuyujya sarvasaṃghe saṃniṣaṇṇe saṃnipatite apaścimakena bhikṣuṇā parivāso deyaś caturvargamaṇḍalakena | saṃghāvaśeṣakeṇa bhikṣuṇā yathāvṛddhikayā sāmīcīṃ kṛtvā vṛddhānte utkuṭukena sthitvāñjaliṃ pragṛhya parivāso yācitavyaḥ | evaṃ ca punar yācitavyaḥ |

śṛṇotu bhadantaḥ saṃghaḥ | aham evaṃnāmā bhikṣuḥ saṃbahulāḥ saṃghāvaśeṣā āpattīr āpannaḥ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitām ardhamāsapraticchannām | so ’ham evaṃnāmā bhikṣus tāsāṃ saṃbahulānāṃ saṃghāvaśeṣāṇāṃ āpattīnāṃ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitām ardhamāsapraticchannāṃ saṃghād ardhamāsaṃ parivāsaṃ yāce | dadātu me bhadantaḥ saṃgho mamaivaṃnāmno bhikṣor āsāṃ saṃbahulānāṃ saṃghāvaśeṣāṇāṃ āpattīnāṃ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitānām ardhamāsapraticchannānām ardhamāsaṃ parivāsam anukaṃpayānukaṃpām upādāya | evaṃ dvir api trir api | tataḥ paścād ekena bhikṣuṇā jñaptiṃ kṛtvā karma kartavyam |

śṛṇotu bhadantaḥ saṃghaḥ | ayam evaṃnāmā bhikṣuḥ saṃbahulāḥ saṃghāvaśeṣā āpattīr āpannaḥ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitām ardhamāsapraticchannām | so ’yam evaṃnāmā bhikṣur āsāṃ saṃbahu­lānāṃ saṃghāvaśeṣāṇām āpattīnāṃ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitānām ardhamāsapraticchannānāṃ saṃghād ardhamāsaṃ parivāsaṃ yācate | sacet saṃghasya prāptakālaṃ kṣametānujānīyāt saṃgho yat saṃghaḥ evaṃnāmnor bhikṣor āsāṃ saṃbahulānāṃ saṃghāvaśeṣāṇāṃ āpattīnāṃ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitānām ardhamāsapraticchannānām ardhamāsaṃ parivāsaṃ dadyāt | ity eṣā jñaptiḥ | karma kartavyam |

śṛṇotu bhadantaḥ saṃghaḥ | ayam evaṃnāmā bhikṣuḥ saṃbahulāḥ saṃghāvaśeṣā āpattīr āpannaḥ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitā ardhamāsapraticchannāḥ | so ’yam evaṃnāmā bhikṣur āsāṃ saṃbahulānāṃ saṃghāvaśeṣāṇām āpattīnāṃ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitānām ardhamāsapraticchannānāṃ saṃghād ardhamāsaṃ parivāsaṃ yācate | tat saṃghaḥ evaṃnāmnor bhikṣor āsāṃ saṃbahu­lānāṃ saṃghāvaśeṣāṇām āpattīnāṃ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitānām ardhamāsaṃ parivāsaṃ dadāti | eṣām āyuṣmatāṃ kṣāmante evaṃnāmnor bhikṣor āsāṃ saṃbahulānāṃ saṃghāvaśeṣāṇām āpattīnāṃ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitānām ardhamāsapraticchannānām ardhamāsaṃ parivāsaṃ dātuṃ te tūṣṇīm | na kṣamante bhāṣantām | iyaṃ prathamā karmavācanā vaktavyā | dattaḥ saṃghena evaṃnāmnor bhikṣor āsāṃ saṃbahulānāṃ saṃghāvaśeṣāṇām āpattīnāṃ saṃ­cintyaśukravisṛṣṭisamutthitānām ardhamāsapraticchannānām ardhamāsaṃ parivāsaḥ | kṣāntam anujñātaṃ saṃghena yasmāt tūṣṇīm evam etad dhārayāmi | uktaṃ bhagavatā | parivāso dātavyo mūlaparivāsa iti vistaraḥ |

ṣaḍvargikā bhikṣavaḥ pārivāsikamānāpyacārikāḥ santaḥ prakṛtisthakānāṃ bhikṣūṇām antikād abhivādanavandanapratyutthānāṃ­jalisāmīcī­karma svīkurvanti | alpārthā bhikṣavo ’vadhyāyanti kṣipanti vivācayanti tad idaṃ na cchekaṃ na pratirūpaṃ yatredānīṃ pārivāsikamānāpyacārikā bhikṣavaḥ prakṛtisthakānāṃ bhikṣūṇām antikād abhivādanavandanapratyutthānāṃ­jalisāmīcī­karma svīkurvanti | etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | pārivāsikamānāpyacārikāṇām ahaṃ bhikṣavo bhikṣūṇām āsamudācārikān dharmān prajñapayāmi | pārivāsikamānāpyacārikair bhikṣubhiḥ prakṛtisthakānāṃ bhikṣūṇām antikād abhivādanavandanapratyutthānāṃ­jalisāmīcī­karma na svīkartavyam | naikāsane niṣattavyam | nāpi samāsane | sacen niṣīdanti nīcataram āsanaṃ gṛhītvā niṣattavyam | na caṃkrame yugapac chaṃkramitavyam | nāpy agrataḥ | sacec caṃkrame caṃkramanti padaparihāṇikayā | na brāhmaṇakulāni upasaṃkramitavyam | saced upasaṃkramanti paścācchramaṇanyāyena | naikac chadane vastavyam | na pravrājayitavyam | nopasaṃpādayitavyam | na niśrayo deyaḥ | na śramaṇoddeśī upasthāpayitavyaḥ | na karma kartavyam | na karmakārakaḥ saṃmantavyaḥ | na bhikṣuṇyo 'vavaditavyāḥ | na bhikṣuṇyavavādakaḥ saṃmantavyaḥ | na pūrvasaṃmatena bhikṣuṇyo 'vavaditavyāḥ | na bhikṣuś codayitavyaḥ s­māra­yitavyaḥ śīlavipattyā dṛṣṭivipattyā ācāravipattyā ājīvavipattyā | nānenāvavādaḥ sthāpayitavyaḥ | na poṣadho na pravāraṇā na jñaptir na jñaptidvitīyaṃ na jñapticaturthaṃ karma | kālyam evotthāya dvāraṃ bhoktavyam | dīpasthālaka udvartavyaḥ | vihāraḥ sektavyaḥ | saṃmārṣṭavyaḥ | sukumārī gomayakārṣī anupradātavyā | prasrāvoccārakuṭī dhāvayitavyā | mṛttikā upasthāpayitavyā pātrāṇi pānīyaṃ śītalaṃ vā kālānurūpataḥ | praṇāḍikāmukhāni dhāvayitavyāni | kālaṃ jñātvāsanaprajñaptiṃ kṛtvā dhūpakaṭacchūke dhūpaś copasthāpayitavaḥ | sacet pratibalo bhavati śāstur guṇasaṃkīrtanaṃ kartuṃ svayam eva kartavyam | noced bhāṣaṇakaḥ praṣṭavyaḥ upānvāhāraṃ pratyavekṣyopānvāhṛtaṃ cec charaṇapṛṣṭham abhiruhya gaṇḍīr dātavyā | nidāghakāle bhikṣūṇāṃ vyajanaṃ grahītavyam | tataḥ sarvopasaṃpannānāṃ copariṣṭāc chānteneryāpathavartinā bhikṣusaṃgham upasthāpya bhoktavyam | kṛtabhaktakṛtyena śayanāsanaṃ channe gopayitavyam | pātrādhiṣṭhānaṃ chorayitavyam | kālaṃ jñātvā tathāgatakeśanakhastūpāḥ saṃmārṣṭavyāḥ sukumārī gomayakārṣī anupradātavyā | sāmagrīvelāyāṃ punaḥ śayanāsanaprajñaptiḥ kartavyā | dhūpakaṭacchuke dhūpa upasthāpayitavyaḥ | śastur guṇasaṃkīrtanaṃ pūrvavat kartavyam | divasa ārocayitavyaḥ | śṛṇotu bhadantaḥ saṃghaḥ | adya pakṣaya daśamīty evamādi yathā upadhivārikā ārocayanti | tataḥ parivāsa ārocayitavyaḥ | śṛṇotu bhadantaḥ saṃghaḥ | aham evaṃnāmā bhikṣur evaṃrūpāṃ caivaṃrūpāṃ ca saṃghāvaśeṣām āpattim āpanna iyatkālapraticchannām | tasya mama saṃghena iyatkālaṃ parivāso dattaḥ | tato mayā iyaccaritaṃ śiṣṭaṃ caritavyam | pārivāsikaṃ māṃ bhadantaḥ saṃgho dhārayatu mānāpyacārikaṃ ceti |

uktaṃ bhagavatā | parivāsa ārocayitavyaḥ | ity āgantukānāṃ nārocayati | bhagavān āha | āgantukānām ārocayitavyam iti | uktaṃ bhagavatā | āgantukānām apy ārocayitavyam iti | anyatamaś ca bhikṣur āgantuka āgataḥ | sa yāvan na pātracīvaraṃ sthāpayati tāvat pārivāsiko ’sya purataḥ sthitvā kathayati | samanvāhara mām āyuṣmann aham evaṃnāmā bhikṣuḥ saṃghāvaśeṣām āpattim āpannaḥ | pūrvavad yāvat pārivāsikaṃ mām āyuṣmān dharayatv iti |

sa tasyāntike paryavasthitaḥ kathayati | apehi mama purastān mohapuruṣa mā parivāso mā tvam iti | sa lajjāparigatahṛdayo ’vāṅmukho mandagatipracāratayā tasya bhikṣoḥ sakāśāt prakrāntaḥ | etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | āgantukasya bhikṣoḥ pātracīvare apratiśāmite nārocayitavyam | api tu na ekaikasyārocayitavyam | kiṃ tu sarvasaṃghe saṃniṣaṇṇe saṃnipatita iti | bhagavān āha | gaṇḍyām ākoṭitāyāṃ yathā saṃnihitānām ārocayitavyam |

na cānenābhikṣukaṃ vihāraṃ gantavyam | saced gacchati na tatra vastavyam |

vikāle bhikṣūṇām uṣṇena śītāmbunā vā yathākālaṃ pādāḥ śocitavyāḥ | mrakṣayitavyāḥ | na ced icchanti | snehalābhopasaṃhāraḥ kartavyaḥ | tataḥ smṛtim upasthāpya utthānasaṃjñinā śayyā kalpayitavyā |

pārivāsikamānāpyacārikā bhikṣavo yathā prajñaptān āsamudācārikān dharmān na samādāya vartante sātisārā bhavanti |

tasya vihāraṃ noddiśanti | lābhaṃ nānuprayacchanti | bhagavān āha | sarvapaścāt tasya vihāra uddeṣṭavyaḥ | sarvapaścāc ca lābho deyaḥ |

uddānam |
ṣaṣṭiśataṃ kuryāt pudgalaś caiva viṃśikāt |
saṃghe mānāpyaṃ caritavyam āgatāḥ prativaikārikāḥ ||

ṣaḍvargikāḥ pārivāsikamānāpyacārikāḥ santo bhikṣūṇāṃ pari­vā­saṃ pradadati | etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | na caturbhiḥ pārivāsikair bhikṣoḥ parivāso dātavyaḥ | na tribhiḥ pārivāsikair ekena prakṛtisthena | na dvābhyāṃ pārivāsikābhyāṃ dvābhyāṃ prakṛtisthakābhyām | naikena pārivāsikena na tribhiḥ prakṛtisthakaiḥ | kin tu sarvaiḥ pariśuddhaiḥ samānadṛṣṭibhir bhikṣoḥ parivāso dātavyaḥ |

yathā pārivāsikair evaṃ mūlapārivāsikair mānāpyacārikaiś caritamānāpyaiḥ |

yathā parivāsam evaṃ mūlaparivāsaṃ mūlāpakarṣaṃ mānāpyaṃ mūlamānāpyaṃ mūlāpakarṣamānāpyaṃ ca |

ṣaḍvargikā bhikṣavaḥ pārivāsikamānāpyacārikāḥ santo bhikṣūn āvarhanti | etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | na viṃśatyā pārivāsikair bhikṣur āvarhitavyaḥ | na ekonaviṃśatyā pārivāsikair ekena prakṛtisthakena | nāṣṭādaśabhiḥ pārivāsikair dvābhyāṃ prakṛtisthakābhyām evaṃ yāvan na ekonaviṃśatyā prakṛtisthakair ekena pārivāsikena |

yathā pārivāsikair evaṃ paryuṣitaparivāsair mānāpyaiś cāritamānāpyaiḥ śikṣādattakaiś ca |

ṣaḍvargikā bhikṣavaḥ pārivāsikamānāpyacārikāḥ santaḥ pārivāsikānāṃ bhikṣūṇām antike parivāsaṃ caranti | etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | na bhikṣuṇā caturṇāṃ pārivāsikānām antikāt parivāsaś caritavyaḥ | na trayāṇāṃ pārivāsikānām ekasya prakṛtisthakasya | na dvayoḥ pārivāsikayor dvayoḥ prakṛtisthakayoḥ | na trayāṇāṃ prakṛtisthakānām ekasya pārivāsikasya | api tu sarveṣāṃ pariśuddhānāṃ samānadṛṣṭikānām antikāt parivāsaś caritavyaḥ |

yathā pārivāsikānām evaṃ paryuṣitapārivāsikānāṃ mānāpyacārikāṇāṃ cāritamānāpyānāṃ śikṣādattakānāṃ ca |

yathā parivāsam evaṃ mūlaparivāsaṃ mūlāpakarṣaṃ mānāpyaṃ mūlamānāpyaṃ mūlāpakarṣamānāpyaṃ caranti |

ṣaḍvargikā bhikṣavaḥ pārivāsikamānāpyacārikāḥ santaḥ śūnyavihāraṃ gatvā parivāsaṃ caranti | te bhikṣubhir dṛṣṭā uktāś ca | āyuṣmantaḥ kim eṣa vihāro yuṣmābhir āvāsitaḥ | te kathayanti | nāyam asmābhir āvāsitaḥ | kiṃ tu parivāsaṃ carāma iti | te kathayanti | yūyaṃ parivāsaṃ carathā | kiṃ tarhi pracchādyanti | tair abhyāhatās tūṣṇīm avasthitāḥ | etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | na bhikṣavaḥ śūnyāgāre parivāsaś caritavyo nāpi yatraiko bhikṣur dvau trayo vā | api tu yatra catvāro bhikṣavaḥ pariśuddhāḥ samānadṛṣṭayaḥ prativasanti tatra parivāsaś caritavyaḥ |

yathā parivāsa evaṃ mūlaparivāso mūlāpakarṣo mānāpyaṃ mūlamānāpyaṃ mūlāpakarṣamānāpyaṃ ca |

athāyuṣmān upālī buddhaṃ bhagavantaṃ pṛcchati | yathāpi tad bhadanta pārivāsikamānāpyacārikaiḥ śrutaṃ bhikṣava āgacchanti kalahakārakā bhaṇḍanakārakā vigrahakārakā vivādakārakā ādhikaraṇikāḥ | te ’smāṃś codayiṣyanti alajjitena vā vaitarikeṇa vā iti | tais teṣāṃ kathaṃ pratipattavyam iti | bhagavān āha | pārivāsikamānāpyacārikair upālin bhikṣubhiḥ kalahakārakā bhikṣava āgacchantīti śrutvā sa parivāso bhikṣoḥ purastāt pratinisraṣṭavyaḥ | evaṃ ca punaḥ pratinisraṣṭavyaḥ | samīcīṃ kṛtvā utkuṭukena sthitvāñjaliṃ pragṛhya idaṃ syād vacanīyam | samanvāharāyuṣmann aham evaṃnāmā evaṃrūpāṃ caivaṃrūpāṃ ca saṃghāvaśeṣām āpattim āpannaḥ iyaccirakālapraticchannām | tasya mama saṃghena iyantaṃ kālaṃ parivāso dattaḥ | tena mayā pārivāsikena satā śrutaṃ bhikṣava āgacchanti kalahakārakā bhaṇḍanakārakā vigrahakārakā vivādakārakā ādhikaraṇikās te māṃ codayiṣyanti smārayiṣyanti alajjitena vā vaitarikeṇa vā | so ’ham evaṃnāmā pārivāsiko bhikṣus taṃ parivāsam āyuṣmataḥ purastāt pratinisṛjāmi | iyatkālaṃ me caritam iyatkālaṃ tu caritavyam | prakṛtisthakaṃ māmāyuṣman dhārayatv iti | tataḥ punar api gatavegair hatavegair gatapratyarthikais tathaiva prakṛtisthakasya bhikṣoḥ purastāt parivāsaḥ samādātavyaḥ | evam ca punaḥ samādātavyaḥ | samīcīṃ kṛtvā utkuṭukena sthitvāñjaliṃ pragṛhya idaṃ syād vacanīyam | samanvāharāyuṣmann aham evaṃnāmā bhikṣur evaṃrūpāṃ caivaṃrūpāṃ ca saṃghāvaśeṣām āpattim āpannaḥ iyaccirakālapraticchannām | tasya mama saṃghena iyantaṃ kālaṃ parivāso dattaḥ | tena mayā pārivāsikena śrutaṃ bhikṣava āgacchanti kalahakārakā bhaṇḍanakārakā vigrahakārakā vivādakārakā ādhikaraṇikās te māṃ codayiṣyanti smārayiṣyanti alajjitena vā vaitarikeṇeti | tan mayā pārivāsikavṛttaṃ bhikṣoḥ purastāt pratinisṛṣṭam | so ’ham evaṃnāmā bhikṣus taṃ parivāsam āyuṣmataḥ purastāt samādade | iyatkālaṃ me caritam iyatkālaṃ me kartavyaṃ bhaviṣyati | pārivāsikaṃ māmāyuṣman dhārayatu |

yathā parivāsa evaṃ mūlaparivāso mūlāpakarṣo mānāpyaṃ ca |

pārivāsikavastu samāptam ||