Sanskrit Mūlasarvāstivāda Vinaya

Khandhaka

Poṣadhasthāpanavastu

poṣadhasthā­pana­vastūddānam |

aśuddhapoṣadhād bhikṣur maudgalyāyaṇena nāśitaḥ |
tataḥ śāstrāṇi vigarhitvā saṃghena pṛṣṭaḥ poṣadhaḥ ||
eṣā uddānagāthā caṃpāyāṃ poṣadhasūtre vistareṇa |
tac ca poṣadhasūtraṃ madhyamāgame saṃgītanipāte paṭhyate ||

uddānam |
codanāt smāraṇāc caiva avakāśo ’vacanīyataḥ |
avavādaḥ prasthāpanaṃ poṣadhaś ca pravāraṇā ||

uktaṃ bhagavatā saṃghasthavireṇa tv ardhamāsaṃ prātimokṣasūtroddeśa uddeṣṭavya iti | upadhivārikaḥ saṃghasthavirasya purastāt sthitvā kathayati | sthavira prātimokṣasūtroddeśam uddiśeti | sa kathayati | āyuṣman na śuddhā tāvad bhikṣuparṣat | ko ’tra sthavireṇāpariśuddho dṛṣṭaḥ | tvam eva tāvat | katham ahaṃ sthavireṇa dṛṣṭaḥ | divyena cakṣuṣā | hantedānīṃ naṣṭāḥ smaḥ | yatra bhikṣavo divyena cakṣuṣā dṛṣṭvā codayanti smārayanti | ity etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | asaṃvyavahāryaṃ bhikṣavo divyacakṣuḥ | tasmān na bhikṣuṇā divyena cakṣuṣā dṛṣṭvā bhikṣuś codayitavyaḥ smārayitavyaḥ | bhikṣur divyena cakṣuṣā dṛṣṭvā bhikṣuṃ codayati smārayati sātisāro bhavati |

yathā divyena cakṣuṣā evaṃ divyena śrotreṇa |

punar apy asāv upadhivārikaḥ saṃghasthavirasya purastāt sthitvā kathayati | sthavira prātimokṣasūtroddeśam uddiśeti | sa kathayati | āyuṣmann apariśuddhā tāvad bhikṣuparṣat | sthavira ko ’trāpariśuddhaḥ | tvam eva tāvat | sthavira katham nāma tvayā saṃghamadhye mama śirasi muṣṭir nipātitā | aho batāhaṃ tvayā ekānte coditaḥ syām iti | sa tūṣṇīm avasthitaḥ | etat prakaraṇaṃ bhikṣavo bhagavata ārocayanti | bhagavān āha | ekānte codayitavyo na saṃghamadhye | saced ekānte codyamāno na smarati smārayitavyaḥ | smāritaś cet kopam āpadyate | avakāśaḥ kārayitavyaḥ | avakāśaṃ kāryamāṇo ’nyenānyaṃ pratisarati | bhagavān āha | avacanīyaḥ kartavyaḥ | avacanīyaḥ kṛtaḥ | tathāpy anyenānyaṃ pratisarati | bhagavān āha | avavādo ’sya sthāpayitavyaḥ poṣadhaḥ pravāraṇā ca |

ekam adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam ekaṃ dhārmikam | dve adhārmike dve dhārmike | trīṇy adhārmikāṇi trīṇi dhārmikāṇi | catvāry adhārmikāṇi catvāri dhārmikāṇi | paṃcādhārmikāṇi paṃca dhārmikāṇi | ṣaḍ adhārmikāṇi ṣaḍ dhārmikāṇi | saptādhārmikāṇi sapta dhārmikāṇi | aṣṭāv adhārmikāṇi aṣṭau dhārmikāṇi | navādhārmikāṇi nava dhārmikāṇi | daśādhārmikāṇi daśa dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni |

ekam adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam ekaṃ dhārmikam | adhārmikaṃ katarat | amūlakena kṛtena poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam katarat | samūlakena kṛtena poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | idam ekam adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam ekaṃ dhārmikam |

dve adhārmike poṣadhasthāpane dve dhārmike | katame | amūlakenākṛtenāmūlakena kṛtena poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | samūlakenākṛtena samūlakena kṛtena poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | ime dve adhārmike poṣadhasthāpane dve dhārmike |

trīṇy adhārmikāṇi trīṇi dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni | katamāni | amūlakena kṛtena amūlakenākṛtena amūlakena kṛtākṛtena poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | samūlakena kṛtena samūlakenākṛtena samūlakena kṛtākṛtena poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | imāni trīṇy adhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni trīṇi dhārmikāṇi |

catvāry adhārmikāṇi catvāri dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni | katamāni | amūlikayā śīlavipattyā dṛṣṭivipattyā ācāravipattyā ājīvavipattyā poṣadhaṃ sthāpayaty adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | samūlikayā śīlavipattyā dṛṣṭivipattyā ācāravipattyā ājīvavipattyā poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | imāni catvāry adhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni catvāri dhārmikāṇi |

paṃcādhārmikāṇi paṃca dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni | katamāni | amūlikayā pārājikayā saṃghāvaśeṣayā pāyantikayā pratideśanikayā duṣkṛtayā poṣadhaṃ sthāpayaty adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | samūlikayā pārājikayā saṃghāvaśeṣayā pāyantikayā pratideśanikayā duṣkṛtayā poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | imāni paṃcādhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni paṃca dhārmikāṇi |

ṣaḍ adhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni ṣaḍ dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni | katamāni | amūlakena kṛtena amūlakenākṛtena amūlakena kṛtākṛtena | amūlakena kṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa amūlakenākṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa amūlakena kṛtākṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa poṣadhaṃ sthāpayaty adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | samūlakena kṛtena samūlakenākṛtena samūlakena kṛtākṛtena | samūlakena kṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa samūlakenākṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa samūlakena kṛtākṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | imāni ṣaḍ adhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni ṣaḍ dhārmikāṇi |

saptādhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni sapta dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni | katamāni | amūlikayā śīlavipattyā dṛṣṭivipattyā ācāravipattyā ājīvavipattyā amūlakena dṛṣṭena śrutena pariśaṃkitena poṣadhaṃ sthāpayaty adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | samūlakikayā śīlavipattyā dṛṣṭivipattyā ācāravipattyā ājīvavipattyā samūlakena dṛṣṭena śrutena pariśaṃkitena poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | imāni saptādhārmikāṇi sapta dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni |

aṣṭāv adhārmikāṇi aṣṭau dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni | katamāni | amūlikayā pārājikayā saṃghāvaśeṣayā pāyantikayā pratideśanikayā duṣkṛtayā amūlakena dṛṣṭena śrutena pariśaṃkitena poṣadhaṃ sthāpayaty adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | samūlikayā pārājikayā saṃghāvaśeṣayā pāyantikayā pratideśanikayā duṣkṛtayā samūlakena dṛṣṭena śrutena pariśaṃkitena poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | imāni aṣṭāv adhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni aṣṭau dhārmikāṇi |

navādhārmikāṇi nava dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni | katamāni | amūlakena kṛtena amūlakenākṛtena amūlakena kṛtākṛtena | amūlakena kṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa amūlakenākṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa amūlakena kṛtākṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa | amūlakena kṛtena niravaśeṣeṇa amūlakenākṛtena niravaśeṣeṇa amūlakena kṛtākṛtena niravaśeṣeṇa poṣadhaṃ sthāpayaty adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | samūlakena kṛtena samūlakenākṛtena samūlakena kṛtākṛtena | samūlakena kṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa samūlakenākṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa samūlakena kṛtākṛtena sāvaśeṣeṇa | samūlakena kṛtena niravaśeṣeṇa samūlakenākṛtena niravaśeṣeṇa samūlakena kṛtākṛtena niravaśeṣeṇa poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | imāni navādhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni nava dhārmikāṇi |

daśādhārmikāṇi daśa dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni | katamāni | pārājiko na bhavati | pārājikakathā na viprakṛtā bhavati | śikṣā na pratyākhyātā bhavati | śikṣāpratyākhyānakathā na na viprakṛtā bhavati | saṃgho na pratyākhyāto bhavati | saṃghapratyākhyānakathā na viprakṛtā bhavati | śīlavipanno na bhavati na dṛṣṭivipanno nācāravipanno nājīvavipannaḥ |

kathaṃ pārājiko na bhavati | yair ākārair yair liṅgair yair nimittaiḥ pārājikām āpattim āpadyate taṃ ca bhikṣuḥ paśyati na tair ākārair na tair liṅgair na tair nimittaiḥ pārājikām āpattim āpadyamānam | sa cādṛṣṭvā aśrutvā apariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ pārājiko na bhavati |

kathaṃ pārājikakathā na viprakṛtā bhavati | yathāpi tat saṃbahulā bhikṣavaḥ saṃniṣaṇṇā bhavanti saṃnipatitāḥ | sā ca kathā na lajjā bhavati na tanmayā na viprakṛtā | te ca bhikṣavaḥ utthāyāsanebhyo nānā viprakrāmanti | sa cādṛṣṭvā aśrutvā apariśaṃkya ca poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ pārājikakathā na viprakṛtā bhavati |

kathaṃ śikṣā na pratyākhyātā bhavati | yair ākārair yair liṅgair yair nimittaiḥ śikṣāpratyākhyānaṃ kriyate taṃ ca bhikṣuḥ paśyati na tair ākārair na tair liṅgair na tair nimittaiḥ śikṣāpratyākhyānaṃ kurvāṇam | sa cādṛṣṭvā aśrutvā apariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ śikṣā pratyākhyātā na bhavati |

kathaṃ śikṣāpratyākhyānakathā na viprakṛtā bhavati | yathāpi tat saṃbahulā bhikṣavaḥ saṃniṣaṇṇā bhavanti saṃnipatitāḥ | sā ca kathā na lajjā bhavati na tanmayā na viprakṛtā bhavati | te ca bhikṣavaḥ utthāyāsanebhyo nānā viprakrāmanti | sa cādṛṣṭvā aśrutvā apariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ śikṣāpratyākhyānakathā na viprakṛtā bhavati |

kathaṃ saṃgho na pratyākhyāto bhavati | yair ākārair yair liṅgair yair nimittaiḥ saṃghaḥ pratyākhyāyate taṃ ca bhikṣuḥ paśyati na tair ākārair na tair liṅgair na tair nimittaiḥ saṃghapratyākhyānaṃ kurvantam | sa cādṛṣṭvā aśrutvā apariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ saṃgho na pratyākhyāto na bhavati |

kathaṃ saṃghapratyākhyānakathā na viprakṛtā bhavati | yathāpi tat saṃbahulā bhikṣavaḥ saṃniṣaṇṇā bhavanti saṃnipatitāḥ | sā ca kathā na lajjā bhavati na tanmayā na viprakṛtā bhavati | te ca bhikṣavaḥ utthāyāsanebhyo nānā viprakrāmanti | sa cādṛṣṭvā aśrutvā apariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ saṃghapratyākhyānakathā na viprakṛtā bhavati |

kathaṃ na śīlavipanno bhavati | caturṇāṃ pārājikānām an­yata­mān­yatamām āpattim āpanno bhavati | tasya ca bhikṣur adṛṣṭvā aśrutvā apariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ na śīlavipanno bhavati |

kathaṃ na dṛṣṭivipanno bhavati | dvāṣaṣṭer dṛṣṭigatānām anyatarānyatarāṃ dṛṣṭim anabhiniviṣṭo bhavati | tasya ca bhikṣur adṛṣṭvā aśrutvā apariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ na dṛṣṭivipanno bhavati |

kathaṃ nācāravipanno bhavati | ānulomikaiḥ śikṣānukūlair vacanapathair ucyamānaḥ samyak pratipadyate | tasya ca bhikṣur adṛṣṭvā aśrutvā apariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ nācāravipanno bhavati |

kathaṃ nājīvavipanno bhavati | ājīvo ’sya pariśuddho bhavati | tasya ca bhikṣur adṛṣṭvā aśrutvā apariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | adhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ nājīvavipanno bhavati |

śuklapakṣe pārājiko bhavati | pārājikakathā viprakṛtā bhavati | śikṣā pratyākhyātā bhavati | śikṣāpratyākhyānakathā viprakṛtā bhavati | saṃghaḥ pratyākhyāto bhavati | saṃghapratyākhyānakathā viprakṛtā bhavati | śīlavipanno bhavati dṛṣṭivipanna ācāravipanna ājīvavipannaḥ |

kathaṃ pārājiko bhavati | yair ākārair yair liṅgair yair nimittaiḥ pārājikām āpattim āpadyate | taṃ ca bhikṣuḥ paśyati na tair ākārais tair liṅgais tair nimittaiḥ pārājikām āpattim āpadyamānam | sa dṛṣṭvā śrutvā pariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ pārājiko na bhavati |

kathaṃ pārājikakathā viprakṛtā bhavati | yathāpi tat saṃbahulā bhikṣavaḥ saṃniṣaṇṇā bhavanti saṃnipatitāḥ | sā ca kathā lajjā bhavati tanmayā viprakṛtā | te ca bhikṣavas tathā saṃniṣaṇṇā eva | sa ca dṛṣṭvā śrutvā pariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ pārājikakathā viprakṛtā bhavati |

kathaṃ śikṣā pratyākhyātā bhavati | yair ākārair yair liṅgair yair nimittaiḥ śikṣāpratyākhyānaṃ kriyate taṃ ca bhikṣuḥ paśyati tair ākārais tair liṅgais tair nimittaiḥ śikṣāpratyākhyānaṃ kurvāṇam | sa ca dṛṣṭvā śrutvā pariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ śikṣā pratyākhyātā bhavati |

kathaṃ śikṣāpratyākhyānakathā viprakṛtā bhavati | yathāpi tat saṃbahulā bhikṣavaḥ saṃniṣaṇṇā bhavanti saṃnipatitāḥ | sā ca kathā lajjā bhavati tanmayā viprakṛtā bhavati | te ca bhikṣavas tathā saṃniṣaṇṇā eva | sa ca dṛṣṭvā śrutvā pariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ śikṣāpratyākhyānakathā viprakṛtā bhavati |

kathaṃ saṃgho pratyākhyāto bhavati | yair ākārair yair liṅgair yair nimittaiḥ saṃghaḥ pratyākhyāyate taṃ ca bhikṣuḥ paśyati tair ākārais tair liṅgais tair nimittaiḥ saṃghapratyākhyānaṃ kurvāṇam | sa ca dṛṣṭvā śrutvā pariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ saṃghaḥ pratyākhyāto bhavati |

kathaṃ saṃghapratyākhyānakathā viprakṛtā bhavati | yathāpi tat saṃbahulā bhikṣavaḥ saṃniṣaṇṇā bhavanti saṃnipatitāḥ | sā ca kathā lajjā bhavati tanmayā viprakṛtā bhavati | te ca bhikṣavas tathā saṃniṣaṇṇā eva | sa ca dṛṣṭvā śrutvā pariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ saṃghapratyākhyānakathā viprakṛtā bhavati |

kathaṃ śīlavipanno bhavati | caturṇāṃ pārājikānām anyatamānyatamām āpattim āpanno bhavati | tasya ca bhikṣur dṛṣṭvā śrutvā pariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ śīlavipanno bhavati |

kathaṃ dṛṣṭivipanno bhavati | dvāṣaṣṭer dṛṣṭigatānām anyatarānyatarāṃ dṛṣṭim abhiniviṣṭo bhavati | tasya ca bhikṣur dṛṣṭvā śrutvā pariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evaṃ dṛṣṭivipanno bhavati |

katham ācāravipanno bhavati | ānulomikaiḥ śikṣānukūlair vacanapathair ucyamāno na samyak pratipadyate | tasya ca bhikṣur dṛṣṭvā śrutvā pariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evam ācāravipanno bhavati |

katham ājīvavipanno bhavati | ājīvo ’syāpariśuddho bhavati | tasya ca bhikṣur dṛṣṭvā śrutvā pariśaṃkya poṣadhaṃ sthāpayati | dhārmikaṃ poṣadhasthāpanam | evam ājīvavipanno bhavati |

imāni daśādhārmikāṇi daśa dhārmikāṇi poṣadhasthāpanāni | yathā poṣadhasthāpanam evaṃ pravāraṇāsthāpanam |

paṃceme bhikṣavaḥ saṃghāḥ | katame paṃca | alajjisaṃghaḥ eḍaka­saṃ­ghaḥ gaṇasaṃghaḥ saṃvṛtisaṃghaḥ paramārthasaṃghaś ca |

alajjisaṃghaḥ katamaḥ | yatra sarve bhikṣavo duḥśīlāḥ pāpadharmāṇaḥ | eḍamūkasaṃghaḥ katamaḥ | yatra na sūtradharo na vinayadharo na mātṛkādharaḥ | gaṇasaṃghaḥ katamaḥ | yatra gaṇasaṃbandhena karmāṇi kriyante | saṃvṛtisaṃghaḥ katamaḥ | sarve pṛthagjanakalyāṇakāḥ | paramārthasaṃghaḥ katamaḥ | śaikṣāśaikṣā aṣṭau mahāpuruṣapudgalāḥ | tatra ye pūrvakās trayaḥ saṃghāḥ alajjinaḥ saṃghaḥ eḍamūkasaṃghaḥ gaṇasaṃghaś ca labhyam ebhir adharmeṇa karmaṇā kartum | yo ’yaṃ saṃvṛtisaṃgho labhyam anena dharmasaṃjñinā adharmeṇa karmaṇā kartum | yas tv ayaṃ paramārthasaṃgho na labhyam anenādharmeṇa karmaṇā kartum |

poṣadhasthā­pana­vastu samāptam ||